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  • UNIVERSAL Animal Pak 15 sasz.
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Animal Pak Animal Pak

The Original Multivitamin Pack!
A Multi To Support Rigorous Training Since 1983!

REQUIRED FOR:

Animal Pak by Universal Nutrition has been helping competitive bodybuilders since 1984, getting the most out of their freakish training routines by providing all the nutrition they need, plus some they didn't know they needed.

Standing the test of time
For 17 straight years, people like you have made this nutritional supplement the #1 selling training pak in the world.

In fact, more competitive bodybuilders have cut their teeth on the Animal supplements than any other bodybuilding supplement in history. Why? Simple. It gets the job done. It works. First time. Every time. It’s stood the test of time.

There's nothing like it in the world. For you, getting it is more important than getting anything else. We're talking about the pump.

Just the thought of blood flooding into your muscles, fuelling them with nutrients and oxygen and giving you that engorged feeling gets you fired up every time. Hey, it's time to hit the weights. It's time to get your pump on.

The right combination of everything you need
See, nature, in all her ingenuity, has designed the human body as the ultimate training machine. Since the dawn of mankind, our bodies have changed very little. And when it comes to growing our muscles in a freakish way, we still need the right combination and mega-doses of essential amino acids, carbs, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and essential fatty acids (EFA's). Only Universal Animal Pak has everything you need.

OK, so you think your regular multi is going to cut it? Get real, Jack. You want massive size and mega-strength and only the Pak can deliver. Each Pak starts with mega-doses of necessary vitamins and minerals.

Yeah! Vitamins and minerals.
Vitamins (organic) and minerals (inorganic) are pharmacological agents and catalysts. They can exert significant ergogenic/muscle building benefits and function as the spark plugs for activating all the necessary chemical reactions which make training and building muscle possible.

If you're training or dieting hard for a contest, the first thing that happens when you don't take the Animal Pak is that nutritional gaps begin to form. Why should you care? Because over time, these deficiencies continue to grow.

Eventually, your body will stop functioning at its optimum level. In other words, you hit the wall, your development reaches a plateau. In fact, even if only one key nutrient is missing from your diet, your body could shut down the muscle building drive needed to build muscle so that it can support more critical metabolic processes. When this happens, you stop growing.

Trust the science
Research has proven that strength athletes such as bodybuilders and powerlifters, due to the intensity and frequency of their training programs, have higher nutritional requirements than regular athletes.

Studies have shown that these unique needs are greatly increased for bodybuilders who regularly compete and need to diet down. During calorie-restricted diets (diets which tend to be repetitive and monotonous, e.g., rice and chicken), the potential for nutritional deficiencies increase dramatically.

More alarming is the fact that championship-calibre bodybuilders, even when supplementing with a regular multivitamin, were still experiencing significant nutritional deficiencies. A basic multivitamin supplement won't be enough.

Plugging nutritional gaps
Competitive bodybuilders know that a superior multivitamin is the first line of defence. This fact is confirmed by studies which have revealed that 100% of Olympic weightlifters and over 90% of competitive male and female bodybuilders use a vitamin/mineral supplement.

These nutritional gaps not only affect your performance and size, but they begin to impact the way your other supplements work. For many of today's supplements to work efficiently, your body needs to be running on all cylinders.

Nutritional gaps mean that your supplements may be rendered ineffective. For example, many supplements (e.g., prohormones) rely on enzymes and other substances in your body to "activate" them.

Prevention is better than the cure
Poor nutrition means poor conversion and activation of expensive supplements. Supplementing each day is your insurance policy to prevent this from happening.

One other reason to take Animal Pak daily: drug-induced nutrient depletion. Pharmaceutical drug use can lead to vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

Relying on "science” or “gear” to get you huge can obviously exacerbate this problem. Even common pharmaceuticals and OTC's such as aspirin, ibuprofen, antidepressants, and cholesterol-lowering drugs can deplete your body of folic acid, iron, potassium, and important vitamins. If you use drugs of any kind, this is another reason to supplement with Animal Pak.

With Animal Pak, you get plenty of everything you need. And a few extras. Animal Pak features performance optimizers such as pyridoxine alpha-ketoglutarate (PAK), IGF colostrum, nucleotides, lipotropics, L-arginine, Protogen A, eleuthero, and the like.

55 key ingredients in every pack
In every pack, you get a vast arsenal of over 55 key ingredients that are delivered in the right amounts at the right time, every time. Each of the 11 tablets included in each pak has been specifically formulated to deliver the goods.

Consider the Animal Pak as the cast iron skillet of your supplement program, your body's first line of defense. If you train with weights, then you absolutely need to train with this supplement solution.

Remember, while most supplements have come and gone, precious few have stood the test of time. When you're ready for the best, step up to the most trusted name in serious bodybuilding nutrition: Animal Pak.

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Animal Pak Animal Pak 15 packs
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Animal Pak 15 packs

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Products from our warehouse in the United Kingdom we ship to the following countries and locations:

ZONE 1: England, Wales and Scotland (excluding Highlands and Islands)

ZONE 2: Northern Ireland, Highlands, Isles of Scottland, Isle of Man, Isles of Scilly, Guernsey (GY) and Jersey (JE) 



ZONE 3: Irish Republic



Shippings to the above mentioned countries are also carried out from our warehouses located in the European Union, but they may involve additional costs and customs procedures.

EU Stock NONE

Products from our warehouses located in the European Union we ship to all its member countries. As well as to Norway, Switzerland, Iceland or the United Kingdom, as well as to the USA, Canada, Japan, Australia or to the Middle East, but it may involve additional costs and customs procedures.

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Description

The Original Multivitamin Pack!
A Multi To Support Rigorous Training Since 1983!

REQUIRED FOR:

  • All competitive strength & power athletes.
  • High-intensity training.
  • Athletes who use supplements.
  • Athletes who want maximum performance.

Animal Pak by Universal Nutrition has been helping competitive bodybuilders since 1984, getting the most out of their freakish training routines by providing all the nutrition they need, plus some they didn't know they needed.

Standing the test of time
For 17 straight years, people like you have made this nutritional supplement the #1 selling training pak in the world.

In fact, more competitive bodybuilders have cut their teeth on the Animal supplements than any other bodybuilding supplement in history. Why? Simple. It gets the job done. It works. First time. Every time. It’s stood the test of time.

There's nothing like it in the world. For you, getting it is more important than getting anything else. We're talking about the pump.

Just the thought of blood flooding into your muscles, fuelling them with nutrients and oxygen and giving you that engorged feeling gets you fired up every time. Hey, it's time to hit the weights. It's time to get your pump on.

The right combination of everything you need
See, nature, in all her ingenuity, has designed the human body as the ultimate training machine. Since the dawn of mankind, our bodies have changed very little. And when it comes to growing our muscles in a freakish way, we still need the right combination and mega-doses of essential amino acids, carbs, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and essential fatty acids (EFA's). Only Universal Animal Pak has everything you need.

OK, so you think your regular multi is going to cut it? Get real, Jack. You want massive size and mega-strength and only the Pak can deliver. Each Pak starts with mega-doses of necessary vitamins and minerals.

Yeah! Vitamins and minerals.
Vitamins (organic) and minerals (inorganic) are pharmacological agents and catalysts. They can exert significant ergogenic/muscle building benefits and function as the spark plugs for activating all the necessary chemical reactions which make training and building muscle possible.

If you're training or dieting hard for a contest, the first thing that happens when you don't take the Animal Pak is that nutritional gaps begin to form. Why should you care? Because over time, these deficiencies continue to grow.

Eventually, your body will stop functioning at its optimum level. In other words, you hit the wall, your development reaches a plateau. In fact, even if only one key nutrient is missing from your diet, your body could shut down the muscle building drive needed to build muscle so that it can support more critical metabolic processes. When this happens, you stop growing.

Trust the science
Research has proven that strength athletes such as bodybuilders and powerlifters, due to the intensity and frequency of their training programs, have higher nutritional requirements than regular athletes.

Studies have shown that these unique needs are greatly increased for bodybuilders who regularly compete and need to diet down. During calorie-restricted diets (diets which tend to be repetitive and monotonous, e.g., rice and chicken), the potential for nutritional deficiencies increase dramatically.

More alarming is the fact that championship-calibre bodybuilders, even when supplementing with a regular multivitamin, were still experiencing significant nutritional deficiencies. A basic multivitamin supplement won't be enough.

Plugging nutritional gaps
Competitive bodybuilders know that a superior multivitamin is the first line of defence. This fact is confirmed by studies which have revealed that 100% of Olympic weightlifters and over 90% of competitive male and female bodybuilders use a vitamin/mineral supplement.

These nutritional gaps not only affect your performance and size, but they begin to impact the way your other supplements work. For many of today's supplements to work efficiently, your body needs to be running on all cylinders.

Nutritional gaps mean that your supplements may be rendered ineffective. For example, many supplements (e.g., prohormones) rely on enzymes and other substances in your body to "activate" them.

Prevention is better than the cure
Poor nutrition means poor conversion and activation of expensive supplements. Supplementing each day is your insurance policy to prevent this from happening.

One other reason to take Animal Pak daily: drug-induced nutrient depletion. Pharmaceutical drug use can lead to vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

Relying on "science” or “gear” to get you huge can obviously exacerbate this problem. Even common pharmaceuticals and OTC's such as aspirin, ibuprofen, antidepressants, and cholesterol-lowering drugs can deplete your body of folic acid, iron, potassium, and important vitamins. If you use drugs of any kind, this is another reason to supplement with Animal Pak.

With Animal Pak, you get plenty of everything you need. And a few extras. Animal Pak features performance optimizers such as pyridoxine alpha-ketoglutarate (PAK), IGF colostrum, nucleotides, lipotropics, L-arginine, Protogen A, eleuthero, and the like.

55 key ingredients in every pack
In every pack, you get a vast arsenal of over 55 key ingredients that are delivered in the right amounts at the right time, every time. Each of the 11 tablets included in each pak has been specifically formulated to deliver the goods.

Consider the Animal Pak as the cast iron skillet of your supplement program, your body's first line of defense. If you train with weights, then you absolutely need to train with this supplement solution.

Remember, while most supplements have come and gone, precious few have stood the test of time. When you're ready for the best, step up to the most trusted name in serious bodybuilding nutrition: Animal Pak.

Manufacturer

Composition

Composition

Container size: 15 sachetsDaily serving size: 1 sachetServings per container: 15
per 2 sachetsamount%DV
Vitamin A (as ß-carotene, retinyl acetate)9900 lU198%
Vitamin C (as ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate)1000 mg1667%
Vitamin D (as cholecalciferol)200 lU50%
Vitamin E (as d-alpha tocopherol)300 lU1000%
Thiamin (as mononitrate)19 mg1267%
Riboflavin19 mg1118%
Niacin (as nicotinamide)31 mg155%
Vitamin B6 (as pyridoxine HCl)25 mg1250%
Pteroylmonoglutamic Acdi400 mcg100%
Vitamin B12 (as methylcobalamin, cyanocobalamin)11 mcg185%
Biotin300 mcg100%
Pantothenic Acid76 mg760%
Calcium2000 mg200%
Phosphorus1330 mg133%
Iodine (as potassium iodide)150 mcg100%
Magnesium (as oxide)400 mg100%
Zinc (as oxide)30 mg200%
Selenium (as sodium selenite)50 mcg71%
Copper (as sulfate)600 mcg30%
Manganese (as sulfate)5 mg250%
Chromium (as chloride)60 mcg50%
potassium (as sulfate)200 mg6%
Amino Acid Complex:
alanine279 mg-
Arginine465 mg-
Aspartic acid498 mg-
Cystine110 mg-
Glutamic acid653 mg-
Glutamine174 mg-
Glycine180 mg-
Histidine92 mg-
Isoleucine (BCAA/EAA)284 mg-
leucine (BCAA/EAA)509 mg-
Lysine (EAA)418 mg-
Methionine (EAA)125 mg-
Phenylalanine (EAA)192 mg-
Proline203 mg-
Serine250 mg-
Threonine (EAA)283 mg-
Tryptophan (EAA)81 mg-
Tyrosine164 mg-
Valine (BCAA/EAA)289 mg-
Performance Complex:
Uni-Liver™4080 mg-
Carnitine25 mg-
Choline Bitartrate250 mg-
Hawthorn (berry)250 mg-
Inositol125 mg-
L-Taurine500 mg-
Oriental Ginseng (root)2000 mg-
Para-aminobenzoic acid400 mg-
Antioxidant Complex:
Citrus Bioflavonoids1000 mg-
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)5 mg-
Grapeseed Extract50 mg-
Lutein1 mg-
Lycopene1 mg-
Pine Bark Extract200 mg-
Digestive Enzyme Complex:
Bromelain100 mg-
Inulin250 mg-
Papain64 mg-

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Methylcobalamin

General information

What is methylcobalamin?

Methylcobalamin is a biologically active form of vitamin B12. It is one of the two forms of this vitamin that may be used as cofactors in various reactions. It differs from popular cyanocobalamin in the presence of methyl group instead of cyanide, thanks to which it releases the organism from the need of neutralizing this harmful factor.

The methyl group from methylcobalamin may be transferred to homocysteine, thanks to which it comes back in the form of methionine in order to be further converted to SAMe, which is the main donor of methyl groups in our organism. These methyl groups may be then used in the processes of creatine production, in neurotransmitter metabolism and as DNA methylation, thanks to which we achieve proper energy level, better well-being and generally better condition of the organism. B12 is a coenzyme for three enzymes: isomerase, methyltransferase and dehalogenase.

Apart from the influence on the nervous system, the supply of vitamin B12 is also very important for the proper synthesis of red cells as well as hemoglobin and anemia prevention.

 

Methylcobalamin in mono-supplements and complex vitamin preparations may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Cyanocobalamin

General information

What is cyanocobalamin?

Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.

Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.

This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.

Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Biotin

General information

Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.


Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day


 

Calcium

General information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Phosphorus

General information


Phosphorus (chemical element of nitrogen family, occurring in several colours: white [poisonous], red, purple and black). It is a micro element involved in the physiological responses of the organism. It is a factor of the proper structure of bones and teeth, storing approx. 85% of the element in the form of hydroxyapatite. Adjusts the acidity in the body by increasing the pH. It is a component of nucleic acids. It also affects the proper functioning of the kidneys and the heart and nerves (transfer pulse). A natural source of obtaining of phosphorus are both plant (eggs, seeds, nuts, whole grains) and animal origin products (poultry, different types of meat, fish). Phosphorus deficiency and strengthen the bone structure can be adjusted by the use of appropriate nutrients and supplements.
Phosphorus deficiency causes bone disease (rickets) and phlegmon.
Excess of phosphorus (although it is excreted through the kidneys) can cause an imbalance of minerals (especially lower calcium levels, up to total loss). Particular caution in consuming products and specifics containing phosphorus is recommended to people suffering from chronic kidney disorders and the elderly. Excess of potassium should be balanced with the increased intake of calcium.
Dosage: 800-1200 mg per day. The higher limit of dosage should be consumed by pregnant women and nursing mothers.

Potassium

General information

Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.


 

Sodium

General information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Fat

General information

Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.


 

Chloride

General information

Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.


 

Alanine

General information


Alanine is an endogenous amino acid (i.e. having the ability to synthesize the human body other amino acids and pyruvate), building up protein. It has a key role in the transport of nitrogen between the muscles and the liver (i.e. Cahill cycle). It allows to transform glucose in non-sugar compounds. During prolonged exercise it enhances metabolism. It occurs in products of animal origin (meat, dairy, eggs) and vegetable origins (legumes, peas). It is used in the form of amino acid supplements in pre- and post-workout preparations. It complements the BCAA. Increased use of supplements with alanine is required in athletic training when high strength and endurance is required (e.g. weights lifting athletes marathon runners etc.).

 

Arginine

General information


Arginine is an exogenous amino acid, it is a component of dietary proteins, not always synthesized in the human body in necessary quantity, so it is necessary to deliver it in the form of synthetics. It takes part in the biosynthesis agmatine, creatine and nitrogen oxides. The use of supplements containing arginine before workout increases the exercise capacity (strength, endurance). Used after considerable effort intensifies the transfer of energy and building compounds and intensifies the process of recovery. Used at bedtime in combination with lysine and ornithine enhances the synthesis of growth hormone. takes part in the intrasystemic synthesis of creatine. Arginine (as a precursor of ornithine) is involved in the urea cycle, increases the flow of blood in the circulatory system, increases sexual potency (in a short time after application). It affects the body's immunity preventing infections, and lowers blood pressure. In supplements – usually as alpha-ketoglutarate.

 

Aspartic acid

General information

Aspartic acid - endogenous amino acid, one of the 22 protein amino acids building proteins, broad-chemical properties: a neurotransmitter involved in gluconeogenesis and urea synthesis and purine. It occurs in high-protein natural plant foods, as well as in synthetic forms. L-aspartic acid is used in amino acid supplements and in many mineral supplements (such as zinc or magnesium aspartate, ZMA ingredient) it is a component of aspartame (in combination with phenylalanine). Recently research is carried on the D-aspartic acid (DAA) on animals, showing the influence on the synthesis of testosterone.
L-aspartic acid is used
in the sports supplementation, in amino acid supplements, nutritional (protein) and the mineral supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl

Cystine

General information

Cystine is an essential amino acid that contains two cysteine molecules joined by a disulphide bond. This bonds many poisons of the body, acts as an antidote (in the process of detoxification). In combination with glycine and glutamine is involved in the synthesis of glutathione. Cystine is present in the vegetable protein products (corn, peanut), and in available concentrates and whey protein isolates, as well as other amino acids.


 

Glutamic acid

General information

Glutamic acid is one of the 22 amino acids that build proteins, produced in the human body of most of the amino acids (such as glutamine, alpha-ketoglutarate, etc.). It has a function of the stimulating neurotransmitter, allowing for the better memory. It is the precursor of GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid). The use of glutamic acid in sport supplementation has a limited range, due to the possible negative side effects in the nervous system. Replaced by the glutamic acid (glutamine) which is limiting or even eliminatng, side effects. It is present in foods of animal origin and in some plant proteins, is used as an additive for protein supplements and amino acid preparations and to improve flavouring of the dishes. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl

 

Glutamine

General information

Glutamine (L-glutamine) - endogenous amino acid building proteins, glutamic acid amide. In the human body it is responsible for the synthesis of proteins, acid-base balance and removing ammonia from the organism. With the shortage of energy taken from the muscle tissue, glutamine with alanine participate in the process of gluconeogenesis, and participate in the production of glucose substrate. Glutamine has a direct impact on the proper functioning of the digestive system and immune immunity of the organism. Participates in the synthesis of one of the most powerful antioxidant glutathione. It has anti-catabolic potential. It can be found naturally in foods of animal and vegetable origin, protein supplements. Used as mono- or multi-component amino acid supplements, and supplements improving biological recovery after exercise, often in combination with BCAA.
Dosage: 5-20 g per day (portioned during the day, and after training and waking up). The supplementation uses the minimum dose of 2-15g to 1 serving.


 

Glycine

General information

Glycine is belongs to 22 essential amino acids (synthesized within the body) constructing proteins, and non-protein component of enzymes i.e. heme. It is a inhibiting neurotransmitter allowing for improvement in sleep comfort even at a dose of 3 g at bedtime. Glycine (as arginine) is a precursor of creatine. It is essential for the synthesis of a strong antioxidant - removing free radicals out of the body - glutathione. It is cholagogic and cholepoiteic. By interfering with the synthesis of growth hormone, accelerates the biological recovery of an organism. Naturally present in foods of plant and animal origin. In the sports supplementation is a component creatine stacks, amino acid supplements, protein supplements based on natural ingredients and carbohydrate and protein.


 

Histidine

General information

Histidine is one of the 22 amino acids being part of protein - depending on the source of information it is referred to as "relatively exogenous" or "exogenous". The required dosage of this amino acid is very small, and at the same time it should be added that the intestinal microflora can also play a role in meeting the demand for it.

Histidine is a precursor of carnosine, and therefore dipeptide having antioxidant and buffering qualities. Increasing the dose of carnosine in muscles is an effective way to increase strength and endurance, as well as to accelerate recovery after exercise, thus improving the indicators that are extremely important especially in the case of people being engaged in regular physical activity , including professional athletes.

The number of products containing histidine and available on the market is quite limited. This amino acid is mainly added to some of the supplements used before and/or after exercise, as well as to some of the amino acid supplements. It should be noted, however, that it also occurs naturally in foods rich in protein, and thus primarily in meat, eggs and dairy products, as well as in protein supplements.

Histidine is an amino acid which can be converted in the body into glucose. It also takes part in the synthesis of proteins, including hemoglobin.

Dosage: There are no precise data, but as it has already been hinted above - the required dosage of this amino acid is very small.

Leucine

General information

Leucine is an essential amino acid, one of the three branched chain amino acids, ketogenic, its isomer is isoleucine. It affects the secretion of anabolic hormones (insulin, combined carbohydrates), acts on enzymes (mTOR) starting the process of muscle protein synthesis and controlling its course. Protein synthesis by leucine is affecting the development of bones, muscles and skin. It reduces the fat tissue. Without the availability of leucine, protein synthesis is impossible. It naturally occurs in animal products (such as eggs, meat, dairy and fish), plant origin, and as a post-training supplements, BCAA, EAA, no-boosters, creatine stacks, carbohydrate supplements. Ir is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements. It is one of the most important amino acids for the athlete's body, basically in every sports discipline.
Dosage: The demand is 5-10 g / 24h, dosage pre- and post-workout and in the morning after waking up.


 

Proline

General information

Proline - endogenous amino acid, one of the 22 amino acids building proteins. As a result of the conversion (carried out with the participation of vitamin C) in the form of hydroxy-proline, it is the ingredient of collagen ( basic protein of connective tissue). Influences positively the locomotor system especially in people exposed to an overload (e.g. strength and endurance sports athletes) and during rehabilitation after injury or surgery of locomotor system organs. It is naturally occurring in food, or is synthesized in the body from glutamate. In the dietary supplementation it is a component of high-protein nutrients, amino acid products (in the form of proline or hydroxy-proline), and supporting the functioning of the locomotor system that contains collagen available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: No standards for use. Dosage as customarily in supplementation

Serine

General information

Serine belongs to the group of essential amino acids, which is synthesized in the human body, found naturally in the human brain, and soy milk. Its derivative is Phosphatidyl serine. Serine is involved in the synthesis of muscle proteins, it includes activator of protein kinase C (an enzyme localized in the brain), acting positively on the nervous system (improves the functions of association and memory and concentration), increases the ability to receive external stimuli and intensifies the process of information processing. Serine used in food reduces the level of the hormone cortisol located in the catabolic muscle, affecting adversely the metabolism, resulting in a decrease in muscle mass and fat gain. The use of serine affect the rate of convalescence, recovery after injuries and maintaining psychophysical condition. Due to the high price, in supplementation used very rarely. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: as usually used in supplementation

Tyrosine

General information

Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.


 

Choline Bitartrate

General information

Choline bitartrate a combination of one molecule of tartaric acid and choline, and in this embodiment is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter). The human body is able to intracellular synthesis of choline, using the amino acid and vitamin B12. Because of the possibility of shortages of the above mentioned substances, it is necessary to supplement them with supplementation. Choline is a component of lecithin, which is the building substance of cells conditioning the proper functioning of the nervous system, and sphingomyelin, acting as an insulator of nerve tissue. Bitartrate affects the course of fat metabolism. In the sports supplementation of choline, bitartrate is used in the stimulating supplements,, affecting concentration and programs of weight control (fat reduction).
Dosage: 1-3 grams per day.


 

Inositol

General information

Inositol is an organic compound from the group of B vitamins soluble in fluids, present in the natural or synthetic form, synthesized in plants, such as brewer's yeast, beans, grapefruit, cabbage, sprout of wheat, melons and animal (liver). Along with choline is included in the lecithin. It affects the cell nutrition of the central nervous system (brain) by reducing the level of LDL (bad cholesterol), this makes it applicable in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and atherosclerosis. It has a calming effect. There has been a beneficial effect of inositol on the skin and hair reported.


 

Para-aminobenzoic acid

General information

Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) is soluble in water, part of the vitamin B complex. Synthesized in the body. Participates in energy conversion (metabolism) of proteins. Used in ointments to prevent excessive sun exposure, protecting against ultraviolet radiation. Positive effect on the condition of the skin and hair. According to a recent study, in conjunction with folic acid, allows to restore hair natural colour on gray. Synthesized in the body. Natural source of acquisition are: brewer's yeast, wheat germ, bran, whole grains, and rice and products of animal origin: liver and kidneys.
Dosage - the lack of strict standards daily dose

Flavonoids

General information


Flavonoids are derivatives of chromone, their rich source of vitamin P (includes routine and quercetin and other flavonoids). They have the ability to restore flexibility of blood vessels, facilitating the work of the heart muscle (antiatherogenic action). They are an antitoxin for myocardial toxication with lactic acid. Used in inflammatory conditions of the urinary system, also they have a diuretic effect. Delay diabetes, help to keep the body's balance of sugar. The raw material of flavonoids are, for example, elderberry (leaves and fruit), bearberry leaves and birch, horsetail herb, knotweed. They are a shield against ultraviolet, and the protection of the body when exposed to radioactive elements during cancer radiation therapy. The most popular of them - routine, can be used without any side effects, even for a period of one year. Flavonoids are poorly soluble in water, and hence usually their alcoholic extraction are used

Lutein

General information

Lutein, a derivative of alpha-carotene is a natural plant dye, colouring in yellow, is also present in the yolk of egg. In the body, located primarily in the retina of the human eye (together with Zeaxanthin), it acts as a natural filter for the eye, absorbing ultraviolet radiation. It is a powerful antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements and multi-compound supplements with antioxidant, protecting the eyes, action, as well as multivitamins, creatine stacks and no-boosters.

Lycopene

General information

Lycopene, an organic compound, carotenoid form xanthophylls group, a natural dye of plant origin, colouring to bright red, occurring i.e. in tomatoes and carrots. It has the strongest antioxidant potential (relatively to the singlet oxygen) from the carotenes. It is not participating, in contrast to other carotenes, in the transformation of vitamin A. It reduces the risk of lung cancer, atherosclerosis and other diseases of the circulatory system, it is a component of nutrient, vitaminizing, vitamin-mineralizing and functional supplements, (often in combination with beta-carotene, lutein) supporting reduction of body fat, improving skin complexion, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: 1 - 3 g / 24h

Bromelain

General information


Bromelain - an enzyme from the group of proteases. The source is the pineapple (pineapple Fructus Sativa) and pineapple leaves, containing bromelain in a form of a mixture of enzymes similar to pepsin and papain responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds of protein. Bromelain in the first place, in the sports supplementation, increases the digestibility of proteins, especially in the case of high-protein diets and has anti-inflammatory and anti-edema. This prevents overloading on the digestive system and diarrhoea.
It is a component of supplements for athletes and supplements supporting musculoskeletal system.

 

Inulin

General information

Inulin (dietary fibre soluble in water) belonging to the polysaccharides, present in the natural state in plant tissues storing energy relationship, which affect on the development of intestinal microflora (I.e. Probiotic) and the condition of the gastrointestinal tract and digestive organs (intestines). It has a high bioavailability of minerals (including calcium and magnesium), reduces the growth rate of glucose after meals. Inulin, is not digested by the human body, but it is degraded into short chain fatty acids by lactic acid bacteria growing in the intestines. In the dietary supplementation it is used as insoluble dietary fibre supporting high-protein diets, for example, during weight loss.


 

Papain

General information

Papain – a digestive enzyme is obtained from the papaya fruit, causing an initial distribution of animal protein in the hydrolysis, increases the digestibility of amino acids, facilitates digestive processes, the impact on the gastric mucosa reduces the risk of peptic ulcer disease, according to in not fully unacknowledged studies it increases immunity. In the sports supplementation it is used in the composition of protein supplements, vitamin supplements and enzyme complexes available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: from a few dozen to several hundred mg / 24h

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