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Due to a high content of stimulants, the recommended serving should not be increased. Do not take the formulation in the afternoon or evening to avoid sleep problems. The supplement should not be taken by individuals who have any problems with the cardiovascular or nervous system.
It is recommended to start taking the supplement with half of the recommended serving and then use the lowest effective dose.
Pay attention to your other supplements because this preparation contains ingredients present, among others, in fat burners. Their coadministration may result in overdosing some active substances.
What is L-Citrulline?
L-Citrulline is an α-amino acid, ornithine derivative. It was isolated for the first time from watermelon and this is how it gained its name, as citrullus in Latin means watermelon. Citrulline takes part in oxygen processes of energy production during effort, thanks to which it is especially attractive for sportsmen of endurance disciplines. It also takes part in urea cycle, also known as the Ornithine cycle, thanks to which it helps to get rid of excessive amounts of ammonia from the organism.
It converts to l-arginine in kidneys and scientific studies suggest that is increases its level even more effectively than in case of sole arginine. Moreover, the increase of arginine level resulting from citrulline supply is longer and more stable. Thanks to this, it contributes to the increase of nitric oxide and widening of blood vessel lumen. This property makes citrulline useful in preventing cardiological incidents. The positive influence on the circulatory system is also used in case of erection disorders, as increased nitric oxide may initiate more effective blood flow to sex organs.
L-Citrulline is contained in the composition of many pre-workout supplements and NO-boosters directed at the improvement of sports abilities of the organism, which may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Betaine HCl - betaine hydrochloride, a highly bioavailable form of trimethylglycine. As the name suggests, TMG constitutes a derivative of the protein amino acid glycine, enriched in three methyl groups. It naturally appears in the roots of red beet. It demonstrates a wide influence on the human organism and is willingly used in supplementation.
Betaine constitutes one of the elements of methylation process as a donor for methyl groups in the reduction reaction of homocysteine to methionine, positively influences the level of S-adenosylmethionine in the system and is conducive to the activation of folates. In this way, it holistically influences proper energy metabolism in the organism and has positive influence on maintaining proper mental functions (by the promotion of SAMe concentration in the organism). Research suggests that it may be directly used in order to decrease the level of homocysteine in people who note its excessive concentrations.
Moreover, trimethylglycine has osmotic properties and increases hydration of cells. This has positive influence on their metabolism and may promote efficiency of their work. In relation to myocytes, this activity is similar to the activity of creatine and is indicated as a probable mechanism of promoting the efficiency of skeletal muscles, as a result of supplementation with betaine. This scope of activity of TMG, however, is still under research - scientists are looking for further mechanisms responsible for the stimulation of effort abilities resulting from supplementation with betaine.
The supplements containing betaine hydrochloride are also used by people with stomach achlorhydria in order to decrease pH of stomach juice. The key role is played here by acid radical of this compound. Therefore, people who deal with hyperacidity should be especially careful with supplementation of this form of trimethylglycine.
Beta-alanine (β-alanine) is a β-amino acid (the same group to which the I-alanine belongs, but with different chemistries). In combination with histidine, it forms β-alanyl-L-histidine (carnosine) - a antioxidant, chelating and buffering compound. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows to extend the physical performance and endurance, it affects biological recovery after exercise. Beta-alanine is available in the form of single component and advanced amino-acid supplements, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Choline bitartrate a combination of one molecule of tartaric acid and choline, and in this embodiment is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter). The human body is able to intracellular synthesis of choline, using the amino acid and vitamin B12. Because of the possibility of shortages of the above mentioned substances, it is necessary to supplement them with supplementation. Choline is a component of lecithin, which is the building substance of cells conditioning the proper functioning of the nervous system, and sphingomyelin, acting as an insulator of nerve tissue. Bitartrate affects the course of fat metabolism. In the sports supplementation of choline, bitartrate is used in the stimulating supplements,, affecting concentration and programs of weight control (fat reduction).
Dosage: 1-3 grams per day.
Agmatine sulfate is a compound of agmatine, and hence the substance resulting from the processing of arginine.
It meets the body's range of functions, including increases levels of nitric oxide responsible for vasodilation and thus improves blood circulation. It stimulates the release of growth hormone and testosterone. It increases the amount of nutrients delivered to the muscles, and normalizes blood glucose levels, thereby mimicking the operation characteristic of insulin; improves the functioning of the central nervous system; fights free radicals; reduces depot body fat, and also affects the metabolism of calcium, thus providing a better functioning of the heart, brain and muscles.
Dosage: 500-1500 mg, the best half an hour before training.
Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC ALCAR) is an acetylated form of active vitamin-carnitine. It shows the metabolic effects, antioxidant and neuroprotective. The high potential neuroprotective antioxidant and is used in the treatment of neurological conditions of deep stress and depression. It affects insulin sensitivity of tissues and intensifies a long chain fatty acids action in the production and expenditure of energy, thereby increasing the metabolic effects, which improve the aesthetics and body composition. ALC used in medicine for the prophylaxis and treatment of male infertility. ALC supplementation is recommended for people who are physically active and mentally burdened with deep stress and relieve depression. Reduces fatigue and its perceptibility. Supports the processes of fat reduction.
Dosage: usually used in supplementation - 500-1000 mg / day in 1-3 doses before exercising.
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
Ginseng (Panax ginseng) standardized extract 27-30% of ginsenosides. The raw material is the ginseng root, from which is prepared the extract of substances called ginsenosides, containing 27-30% of this component. Ginseng root has been used for years in Oriental medicine. It shows the great biological activity: It increases mental and physical performance, increases vitality, is an antioxidant, strengthens the immune system, slows the ageing process.
In the sports supplementation extracts of ginseng support the exercise capacity (primarily oxygen metabolism of the body) and ensure fast renewal of muscular and nervous systems. Also enhances sexual ability. By standardizing, there is a higher concentration of the components, improving effectiveness, which raises the price of the product, but also guarantees its composition. Preparations of ginseng available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
L-theanine is an amino acid, not building proteins, occurring naturally in the dried green tea leaves, absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, overcomes easily blood-brain barrier, affecting the nervous system and the relation between neurotransmitters (e.g.dDopamine, serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid), with a relaxing effect and increases the psycho-physical capacity, (concentration, memory, alertness). Recommended for use for people burdened with considerable physical effort, athletes of sport disciplines that require concentration and memory, also for students in the period before exams. Available in the form of mono-preparations and multi-component relaxing and post-workout anti-stress supplements..
Dosage: customarily used in supplementation 50-200mg per day
Astragalus belongs to the legume family (Fabaceae), originating in China. It is a source of nutrients: astragalosides (triterpenes), flavonoids and glycosides. It stimulates cell metabolism, affects the absorption of nutrients. Increases immunity. It has a positive effect on reducing stress and depression. It increases energy and vitality.
In the sports supplementation, it used as an herbal extract that affects immunity and acts to reduce stress. A part of herbal formulas, so-called adaptogens and preparations, which increase the level of testosterone and creatine stacks. Recommended during fatigue and tendency of frequent upper respiratory tract infections (colds, tonsillitis).
Dosage: the lack of standards defining the daily requirement
2-Aminoisoheptane (DMHA) - a compound, which gained its popularity as a result of DMAA delegalization. It is used as a safer, legal substitute of dimethyl amylamine and it is equally effective. It shows stimulating properties, increases intellectual abilities, promotes cognitive functions and may also limit appetite.
This mechanism of activity od DMHA is based on its ability to promote the concentration of noradrenaline and dopamine in the organism. The first of these compounds belong to the group of catecholamines with strongly stimulating influence on the human organism. It increases heart rate, promotes physical efficiency, limits fatigue. Dopamine, in turn, is present in the center of motivation, its high level is conducive to influencing respiratory abilities.
From the physiological point of view, DMHA is able to widen the walls of bronchi, which positively influences respiratory abilities. Thanks to this, the organism achieves higher effort ability. From the point of view of workout, it allow to generate more intensive development stimuli. 2-Aminoisoheptane also facilitates workout by increasing the pain threshold.
Naringin - flavonid glycoside occurring in grapefruit and bitter orange, metabolized in the body to form of narginin. Metabolism provides nutritional, antioxidant and lowering bad cholesterol activity. Lowering the level of cortisol (stress hormone), it has catabolic effects on muscle tissue, but it can negatively affect the insulin metabolism. Naringin included in the extracts of citrus fruits, vitaminizing, fat burners, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Yohimbine is a natural component of the indole alkaloid yohimbine, ingredient of bark of yohimbe (Corynanthe yohimbe), a recognized aphrodisiac and increasing potency mean. It stimulates the nervous system by blocking the adrenergic receptors alpha-2. Tree bark of yohimbe is also a source of alkaloids (isoyohimbine, aloyohimbine), which can enhance its performance. With the right dosage, taken with caffeine on an empty stomach and a longer period before taking a meal, it enhances the process of lipolysis due to increased levels of norepinephrine in the body.
In the sports supplementation it helps to reduce body fat (especially in programs of weight control and its composition), taken before physical activity. It comes in the form of mono-preparation supplements, extracts from yohimbe tree bark, synthetics and in supplements with thermogenic effect. Available for purchase at muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No specific dosage standards. Some sources give optimal dose of 0.2 mg / kg of body weight (usually used at 5-10 mg per day).
Huperzine A - an alkaloid of plant origin having the ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier, it is a negative catalyst for the degradation of acetylcholine, that improves nerve conduction and having a significant impact on the concentration, cognition and memory. It helps mitigate the effects of oxidative stress, and prevents the depressions, has neuroprotective actions improving well-being. In the sports supplementation it is recommended at pre-workout, pre-effort and during workouts in order to improve concentration, as an component of advanced creatine stack, no-boosters as well as herbal remedies that improve mood.