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The dosage of weight-loss supplements is adjusted individually. Since the sensitivity to stimulants varies from person to person, begin with a minimum dose. After examining the body’s response to effects of the supplement, you can select a higher dose which does not cause discomfort, including hyperactivity and irritability.
It should be taken without food because nutrients may impair the absorption and effectiveness of bioactive ingredients of the supplement. Take products promoting weight loss if you run out of other possibilities for accelerating this difficult process.
Leucine is an essential amino acid, one of the three branched chain amino acids, ketogenic, its isomer is isoleucine. It affects the secretion of anabolic hormones (insulin, combined carbohydrates), acts on enzymes (mTOR) starting the process of muscle protein synthesis and controlling its course. Protein synthesis by leucine is affecting the development of bones, muscles and skin. It reduces the fat tissue. Without the availability of leucine, protein synthesis is impossible. It naturally occurs in animal products (such as eggs, meat, dairy and fish), plant origin, and as a post-training supplements, BCAA, EAA, no-boosters, creatine stacks, carbohydrate supplements. Ir is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements. It is one of the most important amino acids for the athlete's body, basically in every sports discipline.
Dosage: The demand is 5-10 g / 24h, dosage pre- and post-workout and in the morning after waking up.
Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC ALCAR) is an acetylated form of active vitamin-carnitine. It shows the metabolic effects, antioxidant and neuroprotective. The high potential neuroprotective antioxidant and is used in the treatment of neurological conditions of deep stress and depression. It affects insulin sensitivity of tissues and intensifies a long chain fatty acids action in the production and expenditure of energy, thereby increasing the metabolic effects, which improve the aesthetics and body composition. ALC used in medicine for the prophylaxis and treatment of male infertility. ALC supplementation is recommended for people who are physically active and mentally burdened with deep stress and relieve depression. Reduces fatigue and its perceptibility. Supports the processes of fat reduction.
Dosage: usually used in supplementation - 500-1000 mg / day in 1-3 doses before exercising.
Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.
Isoleucine is an essential branched amino acid (BCAA), leucine-isomer. It has anti-catabolic action ( protects muscle against decay), glucogenic (an alternative energy source when the level of glucose after exercise decreases, helps for the regulation of blood glucose levels, reduces the deficiency of fatty acids), anti-catabolic (muscle protects against decay), reduces stress. It participates in the synthesis of proteins (including the synthesis of hemoglobin). It is an essential part of the regeneration of damaged tissues of the body, and after intense training. It occurs in products containing animal protein (meat and dairy products, eggs, dairy products) and plant (almonds, walnuts) and dietary supplements.
Isoleucine is applied with other branched chain amino acids: leucine, valine, and in the supplement complex type of BCAA, in the proportions: leucine: isoleucine: valine = 2: 1: 1. The supplements used in competitive sports requiring increased strength, the bigger share of isoleucine is used.
Dosage: No standard daily use. Frequently applied directly after the workout during the decrease of the glucose level of or at fatty acid deficiency.
Valine – is a branched essential amino acid, indispensible for the functioning of the nervous system (receiving of sensory information), involved in muscle protein synthesis and energy generation. Administration of additional doses of valine before exercise (or immediately after) has anti-catabolic effect, protecting the proteins and allowing them to rebuild. It is slightly stimulatory (delays symptoms of fatigue during workout), affecting the level and relations of neurotransmitters. It helps to protect the liver. It stimulates an increase in strength and muscle mass, participates in the reduction of body fat. BCAA, EAA, and other mixtures of amino acid supplementation, protein and protein supplements and carbohydrate-stacks, brings positive results in strength and endurance sports.
Valine deficiency can occur in case of increased energy needs of the body, as the result of stress and too much stress load.
Ashwagandha (Wythania somnifera / Indian ginseng) - a plant of the nightshade family, used in Oriental medicine as a means of adding vitality, improves the psychophysical condition. It is used as an aphrodisiac. The root of the plant is a rich source of bioactive compounds (phytosterols, glycosides, withanolides etc.). The sports supplementation, herbal preparations, a positive effect on the nervous system (reduces stress, and accelerates the adaptation to changing conditions psychophysical), hematopoietic and immune systems. It has a decisive influence on the process of synthesis of nitrogen oxides and the level of certain hormones, including testosterone (e.g. improving sexual functions).
Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) is a component of the complex herbal supplements (as well as sets of adaptogens) increase the level of the male sex hormone (testosterone), supporting the sexual function of the body, supporting regeneration and having a calming effect.
Dosage: 300-600 mg of extract per day.
Withanolides - biologically active compounds belonging to the group of steroid lactones, occurring in some green plants. In supplementation they are perceived mainly as active substances of Withania somnifera, commonly called Ashwagandha. The percentage content of withanolides in Ashwagandha extracts is considered the indicator of the product’s quality - the higher the content, the more effective the supplement. In non-standardized extracts, the content of withanolides is estimated for 1% of dry muscle mass of Withania somnifera leaves.
Being the main active substances of Ashwagandha, withanolides are responsible for the majority of effects of its application. Regular supplementation with Withania somnifera extracts demonstrates adaptogen effect. It increases the organism’s tolerance to stress factors, holistically promoting the functions of the organism. It may decrease cortisol level in case of its excessively high concentrations, promote cognitive abilities and facilitate concentration. Supplementation with Ashwagandha also supports maintaining proper daily rhythm and is conducive to falling in a deep sleep.
Some sources also indicate that supplementation with Withania somnifera extracts positively influences the level of testosterone in the organism. Current research results indicate, however, that this effects of supplementation may be achieved only in people with initially excessively low secretion of the male sex hormone.
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
Eria jarensis - a plant, the extract of which is commonly used in supplementation, due to the content of stimulating alkaloids. Its popularity grows along with delegalization of more stimulants, to which it is a legal alternative, such as ephedrine od DMAA.
Eria jarensis extract is the source of N-phenyl dimethylamine, a compound, demonstrating the ability to promote the concentration of noradrenaline in the organism. This catecholamine demonstrates considerable stimulating properties, therefore Eria jarensis extract has stimulating influence on the human organism. Therefore, it is used in pre-workout supplements and preparations increasing cognitive abilities.
Apart from this, it is also suggested that N-phenyl dimethylamine is able to promote the concentration of dopamine, which boosts the effectiveness of this compound when it comes to physical and cognitive abilities. This neurotransmitter is related to the center of motivation and its high concentrations are conducive to feeling the power to act. Dopamine is also responsible for neuromotor coordination.
Raspberry Ketones are phenolic compounds, intensifying lipolysis occurring in raspberry fruits. With this feature it reduces the risk of formation of fat at the time of high-calorie diet, it regulates the level of blood lipid, reducing the value of the LDL. In combination with caffeine, green tea and other thermogenics it supports the process of adipose tissue reduction in weight control programs. Due to the cost it is commercially synthesized of Coumaroyl-CoA . Available in the form of dietary supplements and advanced fat burners.
Dosage: 100-300 mg per day.
Chlorogenic acid is a polyphenol found in many plants, including in particular the green fruit of the coffee plant, artichoke, nettle and prunes. Different than it is in the case of green coffee beans, roasted coffee beans contain a much smaller amount of the compound, since it is degraded during thermal treatment. This acid is antibacterial, antioxidant, and also a positive effect on glucose metabolism. Reduces the absorption of sugar from the gastrointestinal tract and improves insulin sensitivity. These properties of chlorogenic acid indicates that the compound is used in weight loss, which is also confirmed by a number of clinical trials carried out, showing its efficacy in reducing body mass. It should, however, be emphasized, that accurate analyses also showed that after the withdrawal of chlorogenic acid, they body mass may increase again.
Dosage: The recommended daily dose of chlorogenic acid is 800 mg.
Gamma-butyrobetaine The ethyl ester (ethyl ester of gamma-aminobutyric acid and betaine) - a muscarinic antagonist in the manufacture of nitric oxide. Lowers and regulates blood pressure. In the supplementation used in preparations to increase the production of nitric oxide, affecting better blood circulation and nutrition of tissues and increases muscle performance
Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.
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