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The recommended dosage of Ω-3 acids has no specific periods of supplementation, and their demand seems unchanged throughout the year. An additional benefit of their supplementation can be obtained in the autumn and winter, where the effect may be a reduction in the frequency of infections.
In the light of scientific evidence, the recommendations of medical organizations regarding daily consumption of Ω-3 fatty acids, in some cases amount to: 400-650 mg/day as to supplement daily diet and pro-health prophylaxis, 2-4 g/day for 8 weeks in hypertriglyceridemia, 1 g /day for patients after myocardial infarction and stable coronary heart disease, 1.5 g /day for cardiovascular diseases.
Omega-3 (n-3) group of unsaturated fatty acids: short-chain (linolenic acid, belongs to the EFAs [essential fatty acids]) and long-chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]). The number 3 indicates That the last double bond in the carbon chain is the third from the end of carbon. Acids from the group of Omega-3 are essential components of cell membranes, they are biological precursors and activators of eicosanoids. EFAs quite abundantly supplied in food, and it can be supplied with food. EPA and DHA (oils, fats marine fish) are Supplied by foods of sea origin (sea fish and seafood). They are developed also in the human body as a result of processes of denaturation and elongation of alpha-linolenic acid , but in an amount insufficient for the full needs of the organism. Therefore,they should be supplied from the outside. With the use of so-called. western diet, supplementation of fatty acids Omega 3 is more desirable (than Omega 6).
Supplementation of fatty acids of Omega 3 is recommended for people who are physically active in order to supplement and to prevent deficiencies in body as well as due to their impact on the body composition and aerobic capacity, and tissue regeneration. In addition, it regulates the systems: circulatory (including heart), nervous, respiratory and locomotor. Formulations containing EPA and DHA are a complement to an effort diet, regardless of the degree of training and exercising.
Dietary fatty acids Omega 3, in principle, are produced in the form of capsules in combination with vitamin E as an antioxidant, available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage usually we recommended supplements in sports: depending on the supply of diet and intake of Omega 6 it is 1 - 5 g of EPA and DHA / 24 h.
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) – what is it?
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) is a long-chain, polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid. The chain of the fatty acid consists of 20 carbon molecules, and the first bound out of five double bounds is located at the third carbon from the omega end, which is characteristic for omega-3 acids. It is present in large quantities in fish oils, where it is accompanied by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
EPA is a precursor to prostaglandins and other eicosanoids, which contributes to the reduction in inflammations. It is involved in inhibition of platelets aggregation. It contributes also to the reduction in triglycerides level in blood. EPA block the activity of an enzyme, phospholipase A2, present on cell membranes, which under the influence of stressors can release polyunsaturated fatty acid (from the group of eicosanoids) into the glycerol skeleton. To some extent, EPA can be also converted into 22-carbon DHA. The both acids have positive impact on the condition of the nervous system and cardiovascular health.
Eicosapentaenoic acid contained in dietary supplements with omega-3, which are available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) - acid of omega-3 family, unsaturated fatty acids with the last double bond in the chain located on the third carbon atom from the end. Synthesized in the human body to eicosapentaenoic acid, or retrieved from foods of marine origin (fish, particularly salmon). In the medicine it is indicated for the treatment of depression, Alzheimer's ADHD. There has been its positive impact on the insulin metabolism noted as well as on endocrine and cardiovascular systems. When used in appropriate doses, it has a beneficial effect on the composition and appearance of the body. In the the supplementation it is part of formulas containing fish oil, which fill in the gaps of unsaturated fatty acids Omega 3, recommended for people with different physical activity.
Dosage: 200-2000 mg per day
Omega 9 is selected from monounsaturated fatty acids in which the last carbon bond is at the end of the ninth carbon atom. It does not include the essential fatty acids. It is converted in the body of the saturated fatty acids. The group Omega 9 are: oleic acid (plant origin: canola oil, olive oil, almonds), erucic acid and palmitoleic acid. These acids do not have very high biological activity but may have prophylaxis influence on cardiovascular disease and obesity.
On the market of dietary supplements containing no mono-preparation supplements. Omega 9 is as an additive to a fatty acid supplements providing essential fatty acids. Used in supplements for athletes (e.g. protein or protein-carbohydrate). Available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of strict standards of daily consumption. Customary, recommend in sports diet should be from 10 to 15% of calorie diet.
Choline belongs to the soluble in liquids group of B vitamins. It is an organic nitrogen base containing lecithin, and acetylcholine. Together with inositol is involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol metabolism, preventing its accumulation on the walls of arteries and deposits in the gallbladder. With the penetration of the brain, contained lecithin improves its action and improves memory. Used in the treatment of age-related diseases (Alzheimer's). It occurs in plant foods: yeast, wheat germ, lecithin, green leafy vegetables and egg yolks.
Omega 6 (n-6) is a group of unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid [atomic no. - present in plant products]). Number 6 indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is placed at the sixth carbon from the end. Belongs to the EFA. The group of unsaturated fatty acids include omega-6 GLA (gamma-linolenic acid, among others, present in evening primrose oil), ARA (arachidonic acid, peanut and food products of animal origin). The consultation of unsaturated fatty acids from the group of omega-6 should be proportional to the intake of Omega 3 in a ratio of 1: 1 to 6: 1. When applying so called western diet, rarely there is a need of supplementation with fatty acids Omega 6 (gamma-linolenic acid is applicable). They are an important component of cell membranes and are precursors of prostaglandins. Essential fatty acids Omega 6 have high biological activity: are involved in the synthesis of organic compounds which reduces inflammatory and hormones possibilities. They are recommended in the diet physically active people in small quantities as a food supplement.
In the supplements are used complexes of unsaturated fatty acids containing in suitable proportions Omega 3 and 6. In the sports supplementation, arachidonic acid (ARA) is used, the action of which increases muscle anabolism and increased exercise capacity (strength and endurance). Available in multiple formulations, of which full range is available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Often they occur in combination supplements containing both omega 3 and omega 6, in suitable proportions. In the sports supplementation, arachidonic acid deserves special attention, which is administered in the form of supplements, potentiated muscle anabolism and increased the exercise capacity, such as muscle strength. There are several multicomponent formulations on the market that contain this compound.
Dosage of usually supplements recommended in sports.
Depending on the supply from the diet and intake of Omega-3, a dose is 1-4 g / 24h
Astaxanthin - currently it is considered the strongest antioxidant (according to the research, it is much stronger than vitamin C or beta-carotene), which has a detoxicating effect on the organism. This substance is therefore incredibly important in the process of elimination of free radicals and detoxification.
As a compound from the group of carotenoids, it conditions the process of proper vision, however, it is not used as a building block of retinol (derivative of vitamin A) and it may fulfill its functions in the whole organism, where it is also transported. It was proven that astaxanthin helps to inhibit the creation of pathological lesions in the eye retina, therefore introducing it do a diet may even cause vision improvement.
Astaxanthin also decreases blood pressure, thanks to which the risk of developing circulatory system disorders is lower. Additionally, it demonstrates protective effect on neurons, which may be important in the future in the Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease.
This carotenoid is also friendly to diabetics, as thanks to antioxidant properties it inhibits oxidation of LDL cholesterol and makes pancreatic cells more sensitive to insulin.