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It is best to use after a meal (any meal, not necessarily breakfast). One sachet seems to be a sufficient daily dose for the majority of users, however, dosing should be adjusted to the individual needs.
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Retinyl palmitate - ester of vitamin A, especially valued in cosmetology. It is considered the gentlest form of this vitamin, therefore it is recommended to people with sensitive skin. It is also characterized by good assimilability in oral application, it is de-esterified without any problems in the small intestine to retinol, a fully active biological form of vitamin A.
Retinol demonstrates a wide range of activities in the human organism. Vitamin A is especially popular due to its positive influence on epithelial cells. It is responsible for proper, nourished state of skin, hair and nails. Apart from this, proper supply of retinol is also incredibly important for the health of the skeletal system, as vitamin A is a regulator of growth of bone tissue.
Vitamin A is also essential to maintain proper functions of eyesight. Its derivative, by binding with opsin, creates rhodopsin, which is responsible for stimulating the activity of rod cells located on eye retina. Thanks to this, it is possible to maintain proper vision in the conditions of poor lighting.
Some sources also suggest immunity functions of vitamin A. It may decrease the risk of pathogen permeation in the epithelium of the respiratory system.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
Omega-3 (n-3) group of unsaturated fatty acids: short-chain (linolenic acid, belongs to the EFAs [essential fatty acids]) and long-chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]). The number 3 indicates That the last double bond in the carbon chain is the third from the end of carbon. Acids from the group of Omega-3 are essential components of cell membranes, they are biological precursors and activators of eicosanoids. EFAs quite abundantly supplied in food, and it can be supplied with food. EPA and DHA (oils, fats marine fish) are Supplied by foods of sea origin (sea fish and seafood). They are developed also in the human body as a result of processes of denaturation and elongation of alpha-linolenic acid , but in an amount insufficient for the full needs of the organism. Therefore,they should be supplied from the outside. With the use of so-called. western diet, supplementation of fatty acids Omega 3 is more desirable (than Omega 6).
Supplementation of fatty acids of Omega 3 is recommended for people who are physically active in order to supplement and to prevent deficiencies in body as well as due to their impact on the body composition and aerobic capacity, and tissue regeneration. In addition, it regulates the systems: circulatory (including heart), nervous, respiratory and locomotor. Formulations containing EPA and DHA are a complement to an effort diet, regardless of the degree of training and exercising.
Dietary fatty acids Omega 3, in principle, are produced in the form of capsules in combination with vitamin E as an antioxidant, available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage usually we recommended supplements in sports: depending on the supply of diet and intake of Omega 6 it is 1 - 5 g of EPA and DHA / 24 h.
Flaxseed, in powder form, it has versatile uses in folk medicine, the reasons for the action of protecting and soothing especially in the area of the gastrointestinal tract and digestive (preferably affects the intestinal peristalsis). It is a rich source of biologically active components: fatty acids from the omega 3 series (alpha-linolenic acid-), the mucus (arabinoxylans, rhamnogalacturonans), protein, micronutrients (zinc, magnesium, iron). It is used in the prevention of atherosclerosis, by affecting the regulation of cholesterol. Used in blends of nutrients and supplements stimulating the digestive system, available at the www.muscle-zone.pl
Omega 6 (n-6) is a group of unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid [atomic no. - present in plant products]). Number 6 indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is placed at the sixth carbon from the end. Belongs to the EFA. The group of unsaturated fatty acids include omega-6 GLA (gamma-linolenic acid, among others, present in evening primrose oil), ARA (arachidonic acid, peanut and food products of animal origin). The consultation of unsaturated fatty acids from the group of omega-6 should be proportional to the intake of Omega 3 in a ratio of 1: 1 to 6: 1. When applying so called western diet, rarely there is a need of supplementation with fatty acids Omega 6 (gamma-linolenic acid is applicable). They are an important component of cell membranes and are precursors of prostaglandins. Essential fatty acids Omega 6 have high biological activity: are involved in the synthesis of organic compounds which reduces inflammatory and hormones possibilities. They are recommended in the diet physically active people in small quantities as a food supplement.
In the supplements are used complexes of unsaturated fatty acids containing in suitable proportions Omega 3 and 6. In the sports supplementation, arachidonic acid (ARA) is used, the action of which increases muscle anabolism and increased exercise capacity (strength and endurance). Available in multiple formulations, of which full range is available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Often they occur in combination supplements containing both omega 3 and omega 6, in suitable proportions. In the sports supplementation, arachidonic acid deserves special attention, which is administered in the form of supplements, potentiated muscle anabolism and increased the exercise capacity, such as muscle strength. There are several multicomponent formulations on the market that contain this compound.
Dosage of usually supplements recommended in sports.
Depending on the supply from the diet and intake of Omega-3, a dose is 1-4 g / 24h
Borage oil extracted from the seeds Boraginis Oleum, it is a source of fatty acid GLA (gamma-linolenic), and fatty acids from the Omega 6 (e.g.. Erucic, linoleic, stearic), anti-inflammatory properties. Positive effect on the circulatory system. It stabilizes blood cholesterol levels. Due to the improving condition of skin, hair and nails used in the cosmetic industry. Part of the preparations used in hyperlipidemia and nutrient concentrates available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Evening primrose oil – a source of essential unsaturated fatty acids, mainly omega-6. Linoleic acid, associated with healthy carbohydrate metabolism, is the predominant one. It is indicated that impaired conversion of linoleic acid occurs in diabetics and its increased intake may reduce symptoms of diabetes.
Furthermore, evening primrose oil is valued for its beneficial impact on the cardiovascular system. It inhibits blood platelet aggregation and has the ability to optimise the lipid profile. Owing to that, it is an effective way to prevent cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, in multiple ways.
Evening primrose oil is often recommended to individuals who want to improve the condition of their joints. It stimulates the regeneration of joint cartilage and may reduce symptoms of rheumatism. Furthermore, it is said that it promotes fertility both in women (due to its beneficial impact on endometrium) and men (by improving semen quality).
When taking dietary evening primrose supplements, we should pay attention to their storage. As a source of EFAs, this oil is sensitive to sunlight and heat. Because of that, it should be kept in a dark, cold place.
Sesamin, one of the lignans present in the natural form in ground sesame oil, sesame oil, affecting the reduction of fatty tissue under the influence of intestinal bacteria in the digestive tract converted into a enterolacton, a compound having antitumor activity as well as affecting the female sex hormone (estrogen ). Sesamin is a powerful antioxidant. Sesame oil is produced from the sesame (Sesamum indicum), and has a plurality of biologically active ingredients. First of all, a source of fatty acids (i.e. linoleic acid, oleic acid). Further contains nutrients: trace elements (copper, calcium, iron), vitamins (B6 and E), sesamol and sesamin which are potent antioxidants. In the prevention of osteoporosis, as it has a positive effect on bone and joint infections. A beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system (both the heart and blood lipid profile and lowering blood pressure). It is an antidepressant and relaxing. Sesamin is available in the form of mono-preparation supplement and multiple-component supplements supporting reduction of body fat (and weight loss), available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: from several hundred mg to several g / 24h
Lecithin is part of the phospholipids (lipid complex), beneficial for the function of the cardiovascular system and blood lipid profile and fat metabolism. It is a source of choline which is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter) that affects the nervous system, including inositol (stabilizer of the copper and zinc balance in the body). It improves concentration, cognition and memory. Forms a colloidal suspension of a liquid in the fat (emulsification) allowing for their use in the food industry. It is a component of dietary supplements supporting the work of the central nervous system, blood circulation, accelerating weight loss and in protein, carbohydrate-protein supplement as an emulsifier, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: as per the prescription, customarily 1 - 10 g / 24h
L-carnitine is a vitamin-like substance, synthesized in the body from amino acids (lysine and methionine) and available in foods of animal origin. It is a component of muscle (including cardiac muscle) and nerve tissue. Involved in the metabolism of fats affecting the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell, facilitating their burning and energy production. It is a potent antioxidant, contributing to the improvement of the aerobic condition and accelerating the recovery after intense exercise. Recommended for use for representatives of endurance sports. In the sports supplementation there are available mono-preparation of carnitine (in liquid form, acetylated [ALC], esterified [see. Propionyl-L-carnitine]) and multicomponent (e.g. in a complex with organic acids - see. L-carnitine tartrate) energetic, weight loss and improving the exercise capacity supplements, to be purchased at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: 1 - 3 g per day in 1 - 3 doses, preferably about 45 - 60 minutes prior to exercise.