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To improve the absorption, it is best to take the supplement with a high-fat meal. Consult your doctor before use to determine the right amount of vitamin D, which especially applies to pregnant women and nursing mothers.
This preparation is recommended mainly to people who want to provide the body with healthy fats and strengthen their immunity and protection against free radicals.
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Omega-3 (n-3) group of unsaturated fatty acids: short-chain (linolenic acid, belongs to the EFAs [essential fatty acids]) and long-chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]). The number 3 indicates That the last double bond in the carbon chain is the third from the end of carbon. Acids from the group of Omega-3 are essential components of cell membranes, they are biological precursors and activators of eicosanoids. EFAs quite abundantly supplied in food, and it can be supplied with food. EPA and DHA (oils, fats marine fish) are Supplied by foods of sea origin (sea fish and seafood). They are developed also in the human body as a result of processes of denaturation and elongation of alpha-linolenic acid , but in an amount insufficient for the full needs of the organism. Therefore,they should be supplied from the outside. With the use of so-called. western diet, supplementation of fatty acids Omega 3 is more desirable (than Omega 6).
Supplementation of fatty acids of Omega 3 is recommended for people who are physically active in order to supplement and to prevent deficiencies in body as well as due to their impact on the body composition and aerobic capacity, and tissue regeneration. In addition, it regulates the systems: circulatory (including heart), nervous, respiratory and locomotor. Formulations containing EPA and DHA are a complement to an effort diet, regardless of the degree of training and exercising.
Dietary fatty acids Omega 3, in principle, are produced in the form of capsules in combination with vitamin E as an antioxidant, available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage usually we recommended supplements in sports: depending on the supply of diet and intake of Omega 6 it is 1 - 5 g of EPA and DHA / 24 h.
Alpha linoleic acid (ALA) is classified to the type of omega-3 fatty acids and belongs to essential, unsaturated fatty acids (EFAs) and to exogenous fats, which means that the organism is not able to produce them on its own.
According to the research, ALA may support the work of the pancreas and more precisely, it may influence insulin sensitivity, thanks to which the levels of insulin, inflammatory factors, triglycerides and free fatty acids in blood are lower. On the basis of this, we may also conclude that introducing linoleic acid to a diet will partially decrease the risk of developing atherosclerosis.
Thanks to its properties, ALA also demonstrates the activity of antioxidants, therefore it contributes to the elimination of the excess of free radicals from the organism and also, which is important in sports - it increases the amount of glycogen in the liver and muscles and it supports oxygen efficiency of muscles.
Introducing this fat to a diet will improve concentration and will increase resistance to stress. The improvement of skin appearance may also be noticed.
Omega 6 (n-6) is a group of unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid [atomic no. - present in plant products]). Number 6 indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is placed at the sixth carbon from the end. Belongs to the EFA. The group of unsaturated fatty acids include omega-6 GLA (gamma-linolenic acid, among others, present in evening primrose oil), ARA (arachidonic acid, peanut and food products of animal origin). The consultation of unsaturated fatty acids from the group of omega-6 should be proportional to the intake of Omega 3 in a ratio of 1: 1 to 6: 1. When applying so called western diet, rarely there is a need of supplementation with fatty acids Omega 6 (gamma-linolenic acid is applicable). They are an important component of cell membranes and are precursors of prostaglandins. Essential fatty acids Omega 6 have high biological activity: are involved in the synthesis of organic compounds which reduces inflammatory and hormones possibilities. They are recommended in the diet physically active people in small quantities as a food supplement.
In the supplements are used complexes of unsaturated fatty acids containing in suitable proportions Omega 3 and 6. In the sports supplementation, arachidonic acid (ARA) is used, the action of which increases muscle anabolism and increased exercise capacity (strength and endurance). Available in multiple formulations, of which full range is available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Often they occur in combination supplements containing both omega 3 and omega 6, in suitable proportions. In the sports supplementation, arachidonic acid deserves special attention, which is administered in the form of supplements, potentiated muscle anabolism and increased the exercise capacity, such as muscle strength. There are several multicomponent formulations on the market that contain this compound.
Dosage of usually supplements recommended in sports.
Depending on the supply from the diet and intake of Omega-3, a dose is 1-4 g / 24h
Linoleic acid, the unsaturated Omega 6 fatty acid, is not intracorporeal synthesized, it is supplied in foods of plant origin (including sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, soybeans, hazelnuts, the seeds of grapes, etc.) and in foods of animal origin. It is involved in the biosynthesis of arachidonic acid needed for the production of prostaglandins. In a normal diet using the above food component it is sufficient and does not require support supplementation. Rarely used in dietary supplements, usually combined with EPA, DHA and ALA; It is a component of supplements containing essential fatty acids (EFAs), often in combination with vitamin E, which is protecting the fatty acids from oxidation. It is recommended to to take linoleic acid in proportion to the Omega 3 acids (in the range between of 1: 1 to 1: 5). As a component of cell membranes is responsible for the condition of the skin, hair loss, healing of cuts and small wounds. Studies confirm its effect on reducing the risk of heart disease. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the most important is to keep the balance between Omega 3 and Omega 6 acids. When proportions are kept, the quantity is not significant.
Omega 9 is selected from monounsaturated fatty acids in which the last carbon bond is at the end of the ninth carbon atom. It does not include the essential fatty acids. It is converted in the body of the saturated fatty acids. The group Omega 9 are: oleic acid (plant origin: canola oil, olive oil, almonds), erucic acid and palmitoleic acid. These acids do not have very high biological activity but may have prophylaxis influence on cardiovascular disease and obesity.
On the market of dietary supplements containing no mono-preparation supplements. Omega 9 is as an additive to a fatty acid supplements providing essential fatty acids. Used in supplements for athletes (e.g. protein or protein-carbohydrate). Available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of strict standards of daily consumption. Customary, recommend in sports diet should be from 10 to 15% of calorie diet.
Oleic acid - mono-saturated Omega 9 fatty acid, occurring in the natural products of plant origin (almonds, olive oil) and animal origin (hen egg yolk, fats derived from fish). As representative of the most common fatty acids present in the diet can be substituted for some of the saturated fatty acids and consequently have a positive effect on the blood lipid profile. In the diet supplementation it is a complementation unsaturated fatty acids.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Retinyl palmitate - ester of vitamin A, especially valued in cosmetology. It is considered the gentlest form of this vitamin, therefore it is recommended to people with sensitive skin. It is also characterized by good assimilability in oral application, it is de-esterified without any problems in the small intestine to retinol, a fully active biological form of vitamin A.
Retinol demonstrates a wide range of activities in the human organism. Vitamin A is especially popular due to its positive influence on epithelial cells. It is responsible for proper, nourished state of skin, hair and nails. Apart from this, proper supply of retinol is also incredibly important for the health of the skeletal system, as vitamin A is a regulator of growth of bone tissue.
Vitamin A is also essential to maintain proper functions of eyesight. Its derivative, by binding with opsin, creates rhodopsin, which is responsible for stimulating the activity of rod cells located on eye retina. Thanks to this, it is possible to maintain proper vision in the conditions of poor lighting.
Some sources also suggest immunity functions of vitamin A. It may decrease the risk of pathogen permeation in the epithelium of the respiratory system.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3, is an organic chemical that belongs to the family of D vitamins. It is naturally found in fatty fish, fish oil, egg yolks, milk and dairy products. It is also synthesized in the human body. It is formed from 7-dehydrocholesterol present in the keratinocytes of the spinous and the basal layers of the epidermis, and a pre-requisite for initiating this process is the action of 290-315 nm wavelength UVB radiation on the skin.
Cholecalciferol is a biologically inactive compound. In the body, it undergoes enzymatic hydroxylation – first in the liver, with the participation of 25-hydroxylase, when calcidiol is formed and secondly in the kidneys, where under the influence of 1-α-hydroxylase, calcidiol is converted into the final active form – calcitriol.
The most important role of vitamin D3 in the body is the regulation of calcium-phosphate metabolism, which directly affects normal skeletal mineralization. In addition, it is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, insulin secretion, as well as in some functions of the nervous, endocrine and immune systems.
Cholecalciferol is the most popular form of vitamin D used in dietary supplements. Studies show that supplementation with vitamin D in this form most effectively and rapidly raises the level of 25 (OH) D3 – a metabolite that is a marker of the level of vitamin D in the body.
Dosage: according to RDI standards for individual age groups.
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