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When using this preparation an adequate daily fluid intake should be maintained.
Due to the presence of digestive enzymes, the product will have a positive effect on the digestion of a meal that has been taken at the same time.
The product is ideal for people living on the run with no time to eat the right amount of vegetables and fruits.
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Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.
Dietary fibre is a mixture of undigested substances and not absorbed by the human body. Due to the properties divided into: insoluble fibre (e.g. cellulose [polysaccharide] found in fruits and vegetables), partially soluble fibre (including hemicellulose occurring with cereal grains and soluble fibre (including pectin, gums, mucilages [polysaccharides]). Dietary fibre affects the digestive system and gastrointestinal system regulating its operation. By filling the stomach (satiety) reduces appetite, lowers triglycerides and cholesterol and consequently can support the weight loss process and maintain a slim body. It also affects blood glucose levels and cleansing the body of toxins. Available in powder formulations (capsules, and powders), mainly containing the soluble fraction (pectin, gums and mucilages) diet and meal replacements.
Dosage: 10-20 grams per day, before or during meals with some water.
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Beta-carotene (provitamin A) is a fat-soluble form of vitamin A (retinol). It is a necessary vitamin for the development and acquisition of proteins, necessary to rebuild a bone structure. Irreplaceable in the treatment of eye diseases (prevents decrease of vision and so called night blindness). It strengthens the immune system. It is a strong oxidant. In its natural form it can be found found only in plants (unlike retinol, which is present in foods of animal origin) such as chard, squash, kale, carrots, apricots, tomatoes). Available in the form of supplements and nutrients as an essential component of the sports diet.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer taking of synthetic vitamin C.
Ascorbic acid – vitamin C. Its biologically active form is the L-isomer, which negatively rotates the polarised light, so that it is a dextroisomer (laevorotatory vitamin C does not exist). It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces the amounts of free radicals, which reduces oxidative stress, a factor leading to cell apoptosis, which is why it is indicated to be a cause for premature ageing.
It supports the immune system functions and increases body system immunity. It is an essential element of the collagen synthesis path, which is why it positively affects the condition of connective tissue. Hence, it promotes also wound healing and increases the durability of capillary vessel. It is involved in transformations of tyrosine and carnitine as well as of some nutrients, so that it affects metabolism. It can also have an impact on the nervous system functions, as it reduces mental fatigue.
Higher supply of vitamin C is especially recommended in the periods of more intensive body system burden, after infections and in order to accelerate regeneration. The indications for increased supply of the vitamin are also hard physical work or intensive trainings.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3, is an organic chemical that belongs to the family of D vitamins. It is naturally found in fatty fish, fish oil, egg yolks, milk and dairy products. It is also synthesized in the human body. It is formed from 7-dehydrocholesterol present in the keratinocytes of the spinous and the basal layers of the epidermis, and a pre-requisite for initiating this process is the action of 290-315 nm wavelength UVB radiation on the skin.
Cholecalciferol is a biologically inactive compound. In the body, it undergoes enzymatic hydroxylation – first in the liver, with the participation of 25-hydroxylase, when calcidiol is formed and secondly in the kidneys, where under the influence of 1-α-hydroxylase, calcidiol is converted into the final active form – calcitriol.
The most important role of vitamin D3 in the body is the regulation of calcium-phosphate metabolism, which directly affects normal skeletal mineralization. In addition, it is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, insulin secretion, as well as in some functions of the nervous, endocrine and immune systems.
Cholecalciferol is the most popular form of vitamin D used in dietary supplements. Studies show that supplementation with vitamin D in this form most effectively and rapidly raises the level of 25 (OH) D3 – a metabolite that is a marker of the level of vitamin D in the body.
Dosage: according to RDI standards for individual age groups.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
D-alpha-tocopheryl succinate is a natural form of fat-soluble vitamin E that is one of the strongest antioxidants.
The source of vitamin E is very significant because synthetic forms are characterised by much lower bioavailability. Unlike natural forms (d-alpha-tocopheryl succinate, d-alpha tocopheryl acetate and etc.), synthetic compounds are designated with the prefix “dl” (e.g. dl-alpha-tocopheryl succinate that is a completely synthetic form). Depending on the condition of the body, the absorption of natural vitamin E may vary from 20 to 70%.
In comparison with alpha-tocopherol, alpha-tocopheryl acetate and alpha-tocopheryl nicotinate, it is believed that d-alpha-tocopheryl succinate is the most effective form of vitamin E, especially when it comes to anti-cancer effects. Vitamin E as d-alpha-tocopheryl succinate is a frequent ingredient of vitamin-mineral supplements which promote general health of the body and adds vitality.
Vitamin K1 (phytomenadione or phylloquinone) is a form of vitamin K containing 4 isoprenoid groups (3 saturated and 1 unsaturated). It is synthesized in natural conditions only in plants. We will find it mainly in green leafy vegetables and some vegetable oils; its amount in the green parts of plants is proportional to the amount of chlorophyll contained there.
The organs characterized by the high concentration of vitamin K are mainly the liver (the content of vitamin K1 exceeds the content of MK-7 10 times) and the heart. It is suggested that vitamin K1 is also stored in bone tissue. It is suspected that ca. 90% of the absorbed phytomenadione is subjected to transformations to MK-4 in case of the insufficient supply of menaquinone with diet.
Apart from a well-discovered role in the production of blood coagulation factors, vitamin K1 also shows a wider activity - it may constitute one of the elements of the prophylaxis of osteoporosis, disorders of the nervous system and cancers.
Therefore, supplementation with vitamin K1 may turn out to be very helpful, especially in the area of the process of blood coagulation and bone metabolism.
Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.
Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?
Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.
Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.
Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Pyridoxal 5-phosphate (P-5-P) - the form of vitamin B6, called coenzymatic, considered the best assimilable form of this vitamin by the human organism. This is related to direct metabolic activity of pyridoxal-5-phosphate in the human organism. It does not have to be subjected to biochemical transformations in the organism in order to be able to enter metabolic pathways as a biologically active ingredient.
Vitamin B6 is an incredibly important factor regulating the work of many processes in the organism due to its role in the organism as a coenzyme, essential for the activation of many important enzymes. Thanks to this, it regulates metabolism at many levels and its proper supply is conducive to maintaining homeostasis of the organism.
Another aspect of effectiveness of vitamin B6 is its influence on the normalization of emotional states. It is conducive to relaxation, facilitates falling asleep and falling in a deep, the most valuable sleep. Special influence on P5P on the psyche is proven in women before menstruation, as it demonstrates considerable ability to reduce the symptoms of the pre-menstrual syndrome.
Supplementation with vitamin B6 also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system. It is conducive to the nourishment of neuronal tissues and optimizes the secretion of neurotransmitters, thanks to which it promotes nervous transmission and demonstrates neuroprotective properties. It was proven that vitamin B6 may decrease the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.
Some sources also suggest the ability of pyridoxal 5-phosphate to reduce the risk of cancer. This effectiveness is noted especially in relation to breast cancer.
Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.
The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.
Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.
Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.
What is cyanocobalamin?
Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.
Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.
This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.
Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.
Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day
Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate, pantothenic acid, pantotenol) is part of a complex of B vitamins affects the development of the central nervous system, is the building substance of cells. In the body synthesized by the intestinal bacteria. It occurs in animal products (meat, kidneys, liver) and plants (wheat germ, wheat bran, nuts, grains, green vegetables). Prevents fatigue and excessive stress, accelerates the healing of cuts and wounds, acts as a stimulant for the side effects of the use of antibiotics. Deficiency causes skin changes, and difficulty in blood clotting.
Calcium panthonenate – a salt of pantothenic acid and calcium used to raise the intake of this first substance, belonging to a group of compounds called vitamin B5. It is active in many biochemical processes in the human body as an extremely important factor for maintaining homeostasis.
Adequate intake of pantothenic acid helps maintain healthy metabolism of nutrients and obtain easily energy from them. Deficiencies of this compound may be manifested by chronic fatigue and lack of strength, especially in physically active persons.
What is more, pantothenic acid is present in the synthesis pathway of many vital hormones. Because of that, its sufficient supply is critical to hormonal balance. Testosterone is one of the hormones that are affected by pantothenic acid intake. Because of that, its deficiencies may have a negative effect on sexual function.
Pantothenic acid is also indicated to have a cardioprotective effect. It helps maintain normal cardiac function and reduces the risk of atherosclerosis by optimising the lipid profile.
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
Calcium carbonate – a salt of carbonic acid and calcium, used in dietary supplements as one of the calcium forms, because of its high bioavailability. It is an alkaline salt, which is why it is used for neutralisation of the environment in the stomach.
Calcium is a macroelement necessary for the proper functioning of the body system. It is a building material of teeth and bones as well as it determines their mechanical strength. The proper supply of calcium prevents osteoporosis in elderly people and allows for the proper development of skeletal system in children. It is an activator of many enzymes, is involved in the inflammatory processes and regulates secretion of particular hormones. It is also essential for muscle contraction and determines blood coagulation. Moreover, calcium ions allow for transmission of nerve impulses by synapses, so that they regulate the proper neural transmission.
The demand for calcium increases with training intensity, which is why it is recommended for athletes to increase calcium supply. Calcium deficiency can be caused by high-protein diet.
Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.
Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.
Kelp - seaweed belonging to the brown algae in the order Laminariales, which is a valuable source of iodine, necessary for thyroid function and reduce body fat, affecting the metabolic rate as well as participating in the detoxification of the body. It is a source of alginates, minerals and vitamins. Positive effect on the appearance of the skin, nails and teeth and hair. Available in dietary supplements and sports in the category of "health and beauty" in the form mono-preparations and multiple mineralizing a vitamin supplements, fat burners and other means of thermogenic effect, slimming, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: in terms of pure iodine 150 - 250mcg / 24h. Higher doses by prior arrangement with your doctor or nutritionist.
Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day
Magnesium citrate is a salt of magnesium and citric acid. It constitutes one of the best assimilable forms of magnesium, which plays many important functions in the organism. It is responsible, among others, for the proper work of the nervous, immune and muscle systems.
Magnesium has calming effect by decreasing the excitability of nerve cells. Thanks to introducing this element to a diet, we may potentially improve sleep quality and reduce the level of stress.
Positive influence on the circulatory system is another feature of magnesium. It prevents hypertension and storage of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels (arteries), thanks to which it may prevent diseases related to the circulatory system.
Magnesium also plays a considerable role in the process of muscle contraction, therefore it influences the activity of the whole muscle system. It also takes part in the proper synthesis of protein, the process of cell division and proper course of energy metabolism. It helps to maintain healthy teeth and bones and general electrolyte balance in the organism.
Magnesium oxide – the most common form of this macroelement in supplementation that is essential to the human body. It belongs to a group of key intracellular cations and that is why its adequate levels are critical to maintaining the body’s homeostasis. An active lifestyle increases requirements for magnesium and that is why its supplementation is recommended strongly to athletes.
The most common symptoms associated with magnesium deficiencies are muscle cramps and eye twitches. This is connected with a significant impact of magnesium ions on the efficiency of the nervous system. Its adequate intake helps maintain neuromotor fitness. Deficiencies of this element are also said to aggravate symptoms of depression.
What is more, magnesium supplementation supports healthy cardiovascular function. It is suggested that its deficiencies promote the development of atherosclerotic lesions and hypertension. Too low dietary magnesium intake is associated with arrythmia and increased risk of heart attack.
Magnesium supplements are recommended to individuals doing hard mental work and learning. Its healthy levels enhance focus and may facilitate learning. It has a beneficial impact on sleep quality.
Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.
Zinc gluconate - a highly bioavailable form of zinc, a trace element belonging to the group of essential microelements. Being the component of numerous enzymatic systems in the human organism, it demonstrates considerable influence on its functioning.
It is an important regulator of work of the immune system, it regulates the processes of production and activity of leukocytes. It promotes the efficiency of the immunity barrier of the organism, has direct antibacterial influence, which is taken advantage of in topical application of zinc preparations.
Supplementation with zinc is also used in order to increase the level of testosterone in the organism. It demonstrates an inhibiting influence on the activity of aromatase P450, which transforms the male sex hormone into estrogen. In this way, it has promoting influence on the concentration of the male sex hormone in the organism.
Zinc is also important when it comes to the functions of the nervous system. Its deficiencies decrease the efficiency of cognitive functions, inhibit concentration and may negatively influence emotional states. Some sources suggest that zinc deficiency may be related to depression.
Some drugs from the group of NSAIDs, inducing acetylsalicylic acid and ibuprofen should not be applied with supplements containing zinc.
Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage, disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.
L-selenomethionine is a selenoamino acid and organic form of selenium. It is a combination of selenium with methionine (about 40% of selenium and 60% of the amino acid methionine per molecule) in which a sulphur molecule is replaced by selenium.
This form is absorbed very effectively via the digestive tract. It is believed that the bioavailability of selenium from L-selenomethionine is even 1.5-2 times greater than its non-organic forms. It is estimated that its bioavailability may exceed 90%. Furthermore, the half-life of L-selenomethionine is much longer than in non-organic forms – it is 252 days. This means that the absorbed selenium is accumulated for a long time in the body.
Selenium is a component of many key biochemical pathways. It helps protect the body from oxidative stress, prevents atherosclerosis, supports the immune system and brain function and optimises thyroid function. It has been demonstrated that selenium as L-selenomethionine may, among others, reduce the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in female patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis..
As a dietary supplement, L-selenomethione is most often used to support thyroid, cardiac and immune function and stabilise cholesterol levels.
Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.
Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.
Molybdenum (the element of the chromium groups, atomic no. 42, a chemical symbol Mo) - a trace element involved in the metabolic conversion of carbohydrates and fats and increases the absorption of iron. It is used to treat anaemia. Well affects the mood.. It is a component of many dietary supplements and in foods such as lettuce, cabbage and other leafy green vegetables, whole grains (corn, sunflower, etc.).
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Potassium citrate is an organic form of potassium, which is characterized by high level of absorption. This element is essential in the proper functioning of the organism. It regulates water balance, thanks to which it is possible to maintain homeostasis.
Potassium also helps to maintain proper blood pressure and is essential to maintain proper work of the heart. I takes part in the proper functioning of the nervous system - it takes part in nerve impulse conduction and supports the work of the brain by its oxygenation.
Introducing potassium to a diet is incredibly vital in case of sportsmen, as during long-lasting effort, it decreases the risk of the organism’s dehydration. It also ensures proper work of muscles. This element is also essential in the process of protein synthesis.
Greens - under this name there are hidden matrices of plant origin components in the form of powder concentrates (to replace fresh fruits and vegetables): fruits, vegetables and some herbs contain active biological components, such as : bioflavonoids, microelements and vitamins, which can complement the diet short in unprocessed plant origin products. Concentrates of fruit, vegetable and herbs should be used in low-calorie weight-loss diet, during a heavy strength exercising (hard workouts), and as supplementation of shortages of fresh fruits and vegetables. They are strengthening and vitaminizing.
Spirulina is a dietary supplement containing two species of algae (cyanobacteria): Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima occurring in the area of lakes in tropical climates, containing BCAA [3 essential amino acids having a branched chain aliphatic side (isoleucine, leucine, and valine) and a similar course of metabolic processes in muscle tissue. In its natural form found in high-protein animal foods (i.e. beef, milk proteins). BCAA have the anti-catabolic potential and anabolic. Support energy carriers in the energy crisis and affect the functioning of the nervous system (eliminate stress, reduce fatigue), and hormone activity and kinases responsible for the metabolism of proteins. In the sports supplementation it is used as support elements functional capacity (strength and endurance) and post-workout recovery; also anti-catabolic and anabolic catalyst of change. Taking BCAA after exercise almost immediately restores the levels of these amino acids in the blood (excluding liver) and supplies the muscle tissue. Leucine results in the activation of mTOR (starting anabolism of muscle proteins) and has a reinforcing effect of insulin which acts on the PI3-kinase and protein kinase B). Branched chain amino acids BCAA, readily used by strength athletes, strength-endurance and endurance], organic acids (GLA, ALA, Linoleic acid, and others) and vitamins B and C, D, E. Spirulina improves the functioning of the nervous system (improves the ability of concentration and memory), reduces total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, belongs to the group of antioxidants. In the supplementation often used by the elderly, available as a nutritional and functional supplements and due to the thermogenic effect by people on weight-loss diet, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Sprouts of alfalfa (Medicago sativa) comprise a plurality of bioactive components, such as protein, fibre, phytoestrogens (including stigmasterol), lecithin, trace elements (silicon [in the soluble silica], magnesium, sulphur, calcium and iron), oestrogenic saponin and vitamins (C, B1, B2, B5, B6, folate and E). Used in nutrient preparations enhancing immunity, improving body condition and stimulating appetite. They have a slight diuretic effect, facilitate the removal of excess fluid from the body. It prevents the development of atherosclerosis. The sprouts of alfalfa are a part of a nutritional and functional supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: lack of precise dosing standards
Barley grass - powdered green shoots of barley (Hordeum sativum), received as a result of freeze-drying process. It contains many nutrients such as amino acids, minerals, vitamins and other antioxidant and alkaline compounds, allowing to maintain the acid alkaline balance of the organism. It supports the functioning of the whole body, with particular emphasis on the immune system. Used in cosmetics industry, but mostly in the nutritional and functional, mineralizing and vitamin enriched supplements.
Green algae is a group of algae containing chlorophyll pigment. They are a rich source of nutrients. Contain essential amino acids (phenylalanine, leucine, tryptophan), vitamins (A, group B vitamins, ascorbic acid), fibre and trace elements (zinc, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sulphur, calcium and iron). They are antioxidants, and have a positive impact on the overall condition of the organism.
Green algae is part of nutrients, vitamins, vitamin-mineral and slimming supplements, intended for active people both physically and mentally.
Dosage: Dependng on individual needs, but not exceeding a few grams a day.
Chlorella (green algae) - a single-celled algae living in freshwater and in a humid environment, it contains many nutrients: sugar alcohols, phytosterols, carrageenan, carotenoids, minerals (magnesium, potassium and sodium), laminarin, terpenoids and vitamins (group B, C , E). It is an effective antioxidant. The active ingredients are antibacterial, immune, inflammatory and strengthening. Mineral salts (alginates) stimulate collagen synthesis and phytosterols participate in the production of elastin. It is used in cosmetic formulations and in the category of "health and beauty", it is a component of dietary supplements that affect the various body functions.
Dandelion extract – what is it?
Dandelion extract is a plant of diuretic properties, so that it removes excessive water from the body system.
It is a popular plant with yellow flowers, also known as Taraxacum. It is believed to show a wide range of health-promoting properties, which include influence on diuresis, excretion of water excess from the body system. The effects can be caused by high content of potassium or trace amounts of sodium, which promotes water excretion.
It can be also potentially beneficial for the digestive system. It is speculated that dandelion accelerates emptying the stomach and migration of gastric content to the small intestine, so that it gets rid of the unpleasant feeling of remaining food. It can also support liver and pancreas.
Dandelion can be found in diuretic preparations and preparations aiming at fat combustion, available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl
Lemon balm (lat. Melissa officinalis) herb occurring in southern Europe, and also in Poland. For therapeutic purposes, lemon balm leaf is used (lat. Folium Melissae) containing essential oils, triterpenoid saponins, sugars, organic acids, trace elements, carotene and vitamin C. Calming effect, reduces the excitability and insomnia, tension reduces smooth muscle. Melissa is also used for digestive problems, inflammation and ulcers - supplementary. Used in the form of teas and water extracts for purchase at Muscle-zone.pl
Lemon grass (Cymbopogon) is a plant originating from the Philippines containing a powerful antioxidant with anticancer activity - citral and geraniol, liniol and other components. Used because of the taste in Asian cuisine, also in folk medicine of those areas. Supports the processes of cognition and memory, provides the proper functioning of gastrointestinal tract, impacting positively on the process of digestion. It improves the circulation of blood. In the supplementation used as a flavouring agent as well as well as nutrient component in various preparations also available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No standards unit of consumption
Common nettle (Urtica dioica) is present around the globe (except the tropical areas), widespread in Poland, as a roadside plant. Medicinal raw material are nettle leaves (Folium utricae) and nettle root (Radix utricae), having different activities. Nettle leaves contain organic acids (e.g. formic acid located in stinging hairs, chlorogenic acid, oxalic, etc.), flavonoids, phytosterols, tannins, carotenoids, trace amounts of essential oils, chlorophyll, vitamins (B group vitamins, vitamins C and K , pantothenic acid, pro-vitamin A), trace elements (boron, silicon, manganese, copper, potassium, titanium, calcium and iron), biogenic amines (serotonin, tryptamine, acetylcholine), coumarins, triterpenes. Activators stimulating the formation of anti-cancer compounds (such as interferon and viral antigens) are placed the leaves. Soluble silica content affects the state of connective tissue. Preparations of nettle leaves stimulate metabolism, are antitoxic and anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and support the pancreas, limiting diarrhoea. The aqueous extract of nettle leaf supports the process of formation of red blood cells (erythrocytes). It is a diuretic (allowing for getting rid of excess fluid and formation of the correct figure) and therefore it is used in food supplements, among others, slimming). It is used with the extract of horsetail and vitamins from group B, in the production of cosmetics with beneficial effect on the condition of hair, skin and nails.
Dosage: 200 - 400 mg / 24h
See. and - nettle (Urtrica dioica)
Stinging Nettle Root (Radix Urtricae)
Wheatgrass, when harvested at the early stage of growth, provides many valuable nutrients. Owing to them, it has a far-reaching, beneficial impact on the body. It is a source of vitamins (A, C, E and B vitamins), minerals (phosphorous, potassium, sodium, magnesium, selenium, zinc, iron and calcium) and enzymes (PYD1 and SOD).
Wheat grass contains also chlorophyll (even up to 70%) whose molecule is similar in structure to haemoglobin and thus encourages the production of erythrocytes, improves tissue oxygenation and influences beneficially overall cardiovascular function.
Due to the content of numerous bioactive ingredients, wheatgrass shows multiple effects – it supports digestive function (relieves constipation, nausea and bloating and helps cleanse the body), has a beneficial impact on skin quality (treats burns and improves skin regeneration), boosts antioxidant protection (prevents inflammation and slows down cells’ ageing) and helps lose excess weight.
Wheatgrass is recommended both for internal and external use. It is available in the form of juice, powder and capsules.
Fruits - in the botanical sense of the word - are a plant organ,developed of ovarium, post or bottom of the flower producing seeds and constitutes their natural cover. Most of them are products of trees and shrubs (except fruit of herbaceous plants such as blueberry, strawberry, strawberry pineapple). For culinary purposes it is the edible part of the plant. The most popular fruits are apples, plums, oranges, bananas, strawberries, blueberries, and a number of other fruits. Most of them are suitable for consumption in the raw state, characterized by a sweet taste, and even sweet, up to sour. Some can be eaten throughout the year (e.g. in the form of frozen foods), or make of them processed juices, compotes, jam and jams. Fruits are a source of vitamins, in particular ascorbic acid and beta-carotene. In their composition are flavonoids, fibre and minerals. In the the majority they are low-calorie. They contain easily digestible sugars.
Extracts from powdered fruits, vitamin complexes, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) - also known as bilberry. The raw production material are the fruits of berries (bilberry - Fructus Myrtylli) and leaves (Folium Myrtylli). Its fruits are a rich source of vitamins: ascorbic acid (vit. C), B vitamins, provitamin D, PP; micronutrients (zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, calcium and iron). They contain from 7 - 15% catechine tannin, myrtillin, organic acids (citric and malic). The leaves contain: anthocyanins, sugars, flavonoids and multi-phenolic acids, essential oil, minerals and trace elements. The most important ingredient of leaves is glucokinin, lowering blood sugar and inositol, supporting the reduction of adipose tissue and influencing the removal of disorders in the digestive system (antidiarrheal). Berries are a powerful antioxidant that supports the immune system. Leaves are used in the extracts improving the functioning of the circulatory system. It is a supplement for strengthening, detoxification and vitaminizing.
Wild carrot (lat. Daucus carota) - is growing in many countries, including Poland, both in the wild and in cultivation. Food and medicinal properties mostly has a carrot root (Radix dauci recens), less fruit carrot (Semen dauci). Consuming carrots stimulates digestion. Carrots is reinforcing the organism, contains a plurality of vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B6, C, D, E, H, P, PP and provitamin A) and trace elements (phosphorus, iodine, cobalt, magnesium, manganese, copper, potassium , calcium). Fresh carrots also contains carotenoids, carbohydrates and insulin-like substances. Fruits of carrots contain flavonoids, trace amounts of essential oil, protein and choline acetate. It provides general strengthening of the body, through a wide range of vitamins and trace elements. It has anti-inflammatory agents. Reduces the risk of anaemia. Due to the possibility of excessive use of nitrogen fertilizers, carrots should be consumed from controlled crops (especially when serving to small children).
The pomegranate is a fruit of Punica Granatum, a shrub or low tree of the Mediterranean region, which is the source of numerous active substances (such as anthocyanins, beta-sitosterols, ascorbic acid [vitamin C], ursolic acid, triterpenes etc.). It is a potent antioxidant that also supports the immune system, and detoxifying of the body through the bloodstream (applied in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases), it is used to treat arthritic conditions. Also used in the cosmetic industry because of its beneficial impact on the appearance of the skin. In the sports supplementation it is a component of antioxidant, detoxification, nutritional and vitamin and mineral supplementa and as refreshing beverages.
Plum (Prunus domestica) fruit tree, occurring in the wild and grown in orchards and gardens in Poland. The raw food material is a fruit plum (Fructus Pruni domesticae) containing a few percent of sugars, organic acids, flavonoids, pectin, minerals (phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium, iron), vitamins C, B1, B2, B6, E, P and PP. Consumption of plums enhances the digestive system. Plums allow to supplement the lack of vitamins and minerals. They are also used for preserves.
Strawberry (Fragaria grandiflora) is a plant of temperate climate cultivated in Poland in gardens and plantations, for its tasty fruit strawberries (Fructus fragariae), rich in nutrients: sugars, organic acids, enzymes (bromelain), tannins, alkaloids, trace elements ( phosphorus, cobalt, manganese, calcium, iron), phenolic compounds (kampferol, quercetin and pelargonidin) and, above all, large amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Strawberry fruit is a powerful antioxidant having anti-cancer potential. It is a general tonic, mineralizing, vitaminizing and nutrient. Used in the frozen or processed form (juices, jams, preserves), it can be consumed throughout the year. For the sports purposes, in supplements the powdered strawberry form is used. Nutritional preparations containing strawberry powder at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption, consumption according to individual needs
Sour cherry (Cerasus vulgaris Mill.), A tree of the rose family, a rich source of active ingredients: cyanides, flavonoids, minerals and vitamins (A, B group, C). Melatonin contained in the fruits affects the night regeneration and regulates lipid profile. Cherry fruit has the antioxidant potential, enhances the immune system and improves the condition. Eaten as fresh fruit and their products, are also ingredient of functional, nutritional, and vitaminizing strengthening and supporting falling asleep supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Cauliflower (Brasicca cauliflora) widely cultivated plant of the cabbage family, which raw material is food inflorescence. Richly endowed with protein, vitamins C and A, B1 and B2, K, and minerals (zinc, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, potassium, sulphur, calcium and iron). It also contains carotenoids and a range of active health beneficial compounds. Studies indicate the increasing importance of the cauliflower in the prevention of cancer. It has a strengthening effect, vitaminizing and mineralizing. In powder form it is a component of the nutrients and supplements for health and beauty, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) - bush growing wild or in gardens on the sandy areas in the northern hemisphere. Food ingredients are: raspberry fruit (Fructus Rubi idaei) and leaves (Folium Rubi idaei). Fruits contain organic acids (mainly ascorbic acid or vitamin C), sugars and pectin, vitamins A, B1, B2 and trace elements (phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and iron). Infusions of fresh or dried fruit is used in colds and fever and digestive disorders of children and adolescents. The leaves are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial and relaxant on smooth muscles of the intestines, blood vessels and uterus. More effective action have raspberries growing wild on the edge of the forests. Juices and syrups, jams and liqueurs can be produced of the raspberries.
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) are Brassicaceae, rich in nutrients (fibre) and vitamins (B group, C, E, K, beta-carotene), phytosterols, glucosides sulphide derivative of flavone quercetin and steroid female sex hormone (lutein ), mineral salts (e.g., the compounds. of chromium and iron). They are a strong antioxidant, regulate sugar levels in the blood, stabilize the economy calcium. Reduce the risk of heart disease. Affect bone health and proper functioning of the digestive system and digestive tract. Eaten as fresh vegetables and in form of a nutrients, vitamin-enriching and antioxidant supplements.
Brussel (Brassica oleracea) - a vegetable of the Gemmifera Group, which is used in nutrition due to its high levels of vitamin C, as well as vitamins A, K and M (folic acid). Rich in minerals (magnesium, sulfur, calcium and iron) and other active substances (rutin, indole). Indole slows the transformation of male sex hormone (testosterone) into estrogen (female sex hormones), affecting the improvement of the silhouette.
Cranberry (Oxycoccus) - has fruits which are the source of many vitamins (including C, E, B1, B2) and active substances (e.g. flavonides, citric and quinic acid, proanthocyanidins). The use of preparations containing cranberry prevents urinary tract infections, causing acidification of urine and hinders bacterial growth on the walls of the bladder (i.e. Adhesion). Positive effect on the circulatory system - improves circulation and regulates the level of cholesterol (especially LDL - bad), reduces the risk of heart attack. It is a powerful antioxidant that supports the removal of toxins. Use of the preparations with cranberries improves metabolism. Because of its qualities also used (in the form of jam or fruit) as an additive to meat (especially poultry). Preparations, preserves containing cranberries provide comfort of urinary and circulatory tract
Pineapple plants (Ananas sativus) is a plant of the hot climate zone (also grown in greenhouse conditions in Europe). Its raw medicinal and food material is a pineapple fruit (Fructus pineapple Sativa) used because of the sugar content (approx. 15%), compounds containing nitrogen, citric acid, vitamin C and minerals (potassium and copper compound)s. Moreover, it contains a mixture of enzymes similar to pepsin and papain (bromelin). Bromelain, mainly in sports supplementation, increases the digestibility of proteins, especially in the case of high-protein diets and is anti-inflammatory and anti-swell. This prevents excessive burden on the digestive system and diarrhoea. Fresh fruits are suitable for direct consumption as a dietary supplement. Powdered pineapple fruit is used in the treatment of diseases of: the digestive tract (stomach and intestine), liver and kidney and cardiovascular system.
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is a widely cultivated vegetable, derived from Asia. Raw material for the food is a green (Herba Spinanae) containing at vitamins (A, B complex, C, E, H, K, provitamin A, PP), folic acid, carotene and minerals (phosphorus, potassium, sodium, calcium, large amounts of iron) protein, fibre, sugars, flavonoids (rutin), steroidal saponin, betaine, organic acids. It is a potent antioxidant. A beneficial effect on lipid metabolism, lowering homocysteine levels and reducing the risk of atherosclerosis. Complements significantly the level of iron in the body to protect against anaemia. Lutein contained in spinach helps to keep eyes in good condition. Spinach has the effect of reinforcing vitaminizing and mineralizing. Included in the of nutritional, antioxidant, strengthening supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Hawthorne Berry - fruit of Crategus monagyna (Fructus crataegi monogynae), have a positive effect on the functioning of the circulatory system (cause coronary vasodilation, and increase the strength of contraction of the heart muscle). A rich source of flavonoids which enhance blood flow and oxygenation of tissues and organs and ensuring their nutrition. They are a powerful antioxidant reducing the risk of cardiac arrhythmia, lowering blood pressure. In the sports supplementation used in the fight against hypertension and to reduce the level of tension by people overdosing stimulants or hormonal support (SAA).
Resveratrol - is a natural phenolic, compound produced as an antagonist of pathogens. It can be found, among others, in grapes, peanuts and red wine. It is oxidizing, preventing forming of free radicals of oxygen, supports the operation of systems: the hormone (binds to receptors of estrogenic and reduces the activity of the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase, is an aromatase inhibitor), blood (oxygenation of organism), and immune. In the sports supplementation used in silhouetted disciplines due to reduce of fat tissue. It is a component of supplements to support the functioning of the endocrine system (increases testosterone levels, lowering estrogen levels), antioxidant complexes and detoxifying the organism supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of strict standards of daily consumption.
Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) is a physiological antioxidant, a fat soluble. It takes an active part in the process of creating the energy of ATP. intracorporeal synthesis requires the presence of B vitamins and trace elements, its intensification is caused by heavy training stress or under the influence of stress. Beneficial effects of Coenzyme Q10 has been found on the cardiovascular system, lipid profile (lowering LDL) cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. Reducing the level of coenzyme Q10 starts when the age of 35, hence must be supplemented by preparations available in cosmetics (external action on the skin), and supplements intensifying the production of energy (for athletes strength) as well as mono-preparation supplement available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 10 - 90 mg / 24h
Enzyme blend contains a selected set of digestive enzymes of plant origin, such as bromelain present in fresh pineapple, papain (papaya leaves and fruit); amylase and lactase (the digestive enzymes of carbohydrate), lipases (digestive enzymes of fat) and cellulase (decomposing in the body of an unfortunate cellulose), facilitating digestion and absorption of nutrients (sugars, proteins, fats). Particularly useful when using high-calorie diet and after workout, to facilitate the digestion of protein. Enzyme blend is a component OrangeOxiMega Combo Greens & Fish Oil, a complex supplement of Controlled Labs.
Protease (proteinase, peptidase) is a proteolytic enzyme. It is responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds between amino acids in proteins. Protease is released as a biologically inactive proenzyme which is activated in the gastrointestinal lumen.
Protease is not a single compound. It is a large group of 500 various proteases. They can be classified by e.g. the pH in which they are active (acid, neutral and basic) and catalytic mechanisms (serine, threonine, cysteine, spartic and glutamic proteases and metalloproteases).
The role of proteases in human life is not only restricted to digestive processes. They are also involved in the process of growth, maturation and ageing of the body. They play a major function in the growth and spread of pathogenic microorganisms and that is why protease inhibitors are effective in the treatment of many diseases.
In supplementation, proteases are used most frequently to promote the digestion of protein products. They are added to preparations with digestive enzyme blends or protein-rich supplements. What is more, these enzymes are a popular ingredient of formulations for combating the biofilm, formed by pathogenic bacteria in the body.
Amylase (diastase), belong to the group of digestive enzymes (from the group of hydrolases) that catalyse the decomposition of polysaccharides (starch and glycogen) into simple sugars. They are found in saliva, pancreatic juice secreted into the small intestine continuing the digestion. In nature, found in malt, cereal grains. Included in the dietary supplement in combination with the components decomposing milk sugar (lactose), lipases (enzymes that catalyse the hydrolysis decomposition of an ester bond of fat) and proteases (enzymes that catalyse the decomposition of peptide bonds, and are involved in the digestion of protein). Products containing lipase are recommended for active people using high carbohydrate diet and eating hearty meals.
Lactase (a digestive enzyme) is involved in the digestion of milk sugar (lactose) and improving its digestibility, artificially derived from yeast. In the supplementation it is a component of a nutritional composition containing protein from milk (casein, whey), carbohydrates, meal replacements type of MRP and as an additive in the complexes of the amino acids, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No standards for consumption
Peptidase is an enzyme catalysing the hydrolysis of peptide bonds. Depending on the site of action, it divides into endopeptidase, which breaks peptide bonds in the middle of a peptide chain, and exopeptidase, responsible for the cleavage of single amino acids from the end of a peptide chain. To put it simply, the enzyme helps digest protein.
Peptidase obtained by fermentation of the fungi Aspergillus oryzae is most commonly used in supplementation. It is recommended especially to individuals with high protein intake (athletes and persons on protein-rich diets).
Peptidase is usually found in complex blends of digestive enzymes. It is also an ingredient of some protein supplements available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Cellulase is an enzyme of the hydrolase class. It is responsible for catalysing the hydrolysis of β-1 4-glycosidic bonds between glucose molecules in cellulose (a building block for plant cell walls). This reaction leads to the formation of the disaccharide cellobiose which is converted into glucose.
The human body is not capable of synthesising cellulase. Because of that, dietary fibre is not digested and used as a source of energy. Nonetheless, it has a beneficial impact on health, is essential for maintaining normal digestive function and may prevent many diseases. Because of that, it must not be excluded from the diet.
In supplementation, cellulase is most frequently an ingredient of digestive enzyme blends. It can be also found in health-promoting supplements with vegetable and fruit extracts. It is recommended especially to persons who complain of digestive discomfort after consuming fibre-rich foods.
Betaine HCl - betaine hydrochloride, a highly bioavailable form of trimethylglycine. As the name suggests, TMG constitutes a derivative of the protein amino acid glycine, enriched in three methyl groups. It naturally appears in the roots of red beet. It demonstrates a wide influence on the human organism and is willingly used in supplementation.
Betaine constitutes one of the elements of methylation process as a donor for methyl groups in the reduction reaction of homocysteine to methionine, positively influences the level of S-adenosylmethionine in the system and is conducive to the activation of folates. In this way, it holistically influences proper energy metabolism in the organism and has positive influence on maintaining proper mental functions (by the promotion of SAMe concentration in the organism). Research suggests that it may be directly used in order to decrease the level of homocysteine in people who note its excessive concentrations.
Moreover, trimethylglycine has osmotic properties and increases hydration of cells. This has positive influence on their metabolism and may promote efficiency of their work. In relation to myocytes, this activity is similar to the activity of creatine and is indicated as a probable mechanism of promoting the efficiency of skeletal muscles, as a result of supplementation with betaine. This scope of activity of TMG, however, is still under research - scientists are looking for further mechanisms responsible for the stimulation of effort abilities resulting from supplementation with betaine.
The supplements containing betaine hydrochloride are also used by people with stomach achlorhydria in order to decrease pH of stomach juice. The key role is played here by acid radical of this compound. Therefore, people who deal with hyperacidity should be especially careful with supplementation of this form of trimethylglycine.
Bromelain - an enzyme from the group of proteases. The source is the pineapple (pineapple Fructus Sativa) and pineapple leaves, containing bromelain in a form of a mixture of enzymes similar to pepsin and papain responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds of protein. Bromelain in the first place, in the sports supplementation, increases the digestibility of proteins, especially in the case of high-protein diets and has anti-inflammatory and anti-edema. This prevents overloading on the digestive system and diarrhoea.
It is a component of supplements for athletes and supplements supporting musculoskeletal system.
Papain – a digestive enzyme is obtained from the papaya fruit, causing an initial distribution of animal protein in the hydrolysis, increases the digestibility of amino acids, facilitates digestive processes, the impact on the gastric mucosa reduces the risk of peptic ulcer disease, according to in not fully unacknowledged studies it increases immunity. In the sports supplementation it is used in the composition of protein supplements, vitamin supplements and enzyme complexes available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: from a few dozen to several hundred mg / 24h
Omega-3 (n-3) group of unsaturated fatty acids: short-chain (linolenic acid, belongs to the EFAs [essential fatty acids]) and long-chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]). The number 3 indicates That the last double bond in the carbon chain is the third from the end of carbon. Acids from the group of Omega-3 are essential components of cell membranes, they are biological precursors and activators of eicosanoids. EFAs quite abundantly supplied in food, and it can be supplied with food. EPA and DHA (oils, fats marine fish) are Supplied by foods of sea origin (sea fish and seafood). They are developed also in the human body as a result of processes of denaturation and elongation of alpha-linolenic acid , but in an amount insufficient for the full needs of the organism. Therefore,they should be supplied from the outside. With the use of so-called. western diet, supplementation of fatty acids Omega 3 is more desirable (than Omega 6).
Supplementation of fatty acids of Omega 3 is recommended for people who are physically active in order to supplement and to prevent deficiencies in body as well as due to their impact on the body composition and aerobic capacity, and tissue regeneration. In addition, it regulates the systems: circulatory (including heart), nervous, respiratory and locomotor. Formulations containing EPA and DHA are a complement to an effort diet, regardless of the degree of training and exercising.
Dietary fatty acids Omega 3, in principle, are produced in the form of capsules in combination with vitamin E as an antioxidant, available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage usually we recommended supplements in sports: depending on the supply of diet and intake of Omega 6 it is 1 - 5 g of EPA and DHA / 24 h.
Flaxseed, in powder form, it has versatile uses in folk medicine, the reasons for the action of protecting and soothing especially in the area of the gastrointestinal tract and digestive (preferably affects the intestinal peristalsis). It is a rich source of biologically active components: fatty acids from the omega 3 series (alpha-linolenic acid-), the mucus (arabinoxylans, rhamnogalacturonans), protein, micronutrients (zinc, magnesium, iron). It is used in the prevention of atherosclerosis, by affecting the regulation of cholesterol. Used in blends of nutrients and supplements stimulating the digestive system, available at the www.muscle-zone.pl
Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum), also known as Ling Zhi and “mushroom of immortality”, is a fungus used for more than 4000 years in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine. Previous studies indicate a significant impact of this mushroom, especially on boosting immunity, reducing stress and preventing carcinogenesis processes.
The action of reishi is targeted on the modulation of the immune system. It has been shown that it has the ability to curb the activity of this system in the case of its excessive stimulation and increase it in the event of immunodeficiency. What is more, reishi has a positive impact on carbohydrate balance (may reduce blood glucose levels), optimises the lipid profile and promotes healthy neurological function (exerts a sedative effect and reduces mental strain).
Therapeutic effects of the fungus are produced by more than one main component. It is believed that a range of substances is responsible for its action, mainly polysaccharides, peptidoglycans and triterpenoids.
Reishi supplementation is recommended mainly as a general preventive measure to boost immunity, optimise carbohydrate metabolism, reduce chronic fatigue and increase vitality.
Our store offers a wide selection of preparations with high-quality reishi extracts, standardised to contain the most important active substances – polysaccharides and triterpenes.
Shiitake mushrooms, a species of Asian mushrooms, also available in Poland, which is a rich source of ergosterol (provitamin of vitamin D), B vitamins and lentinian. AHCC potential is tested for the possibility of prevention and fight against cancer. Moreover, they have potentials: anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antifungal and immunising the organism. Reducing blood glucose levels. The supplements are used in the pro-health preparations and improving post-exercise renewal and regeneration after injuries, as components of, vitamin, mineral and herbal blends and extracts available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus), it is a species of fungus found on the trunks of birch, burl-like appearance, with a cracked surface in different directions, with a cross-section of the black coloured. Contains triterpenes, sterols which are strengthening, improving well-being in cancer, enhance immunity. Applied externally (e.g. to the mucous membranes of the reproductive organs) has anti-inflammatory effects. It also is anti-inflammatory on mucous membranes of the digestive system.
Citrus bioflavonoids (flavanones) - are found in citrus fruits (oranges and bitter grapefruit) and contain naringenin and naringenin with a strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action and enhancing metabolism of a number of substances. Increase immunity and strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Reduce the secretion of cortisol, while increasing the norepinephrine hormone allowing for the reduction of body fat. Citrus flavonoids are an ingredient of supplements in the category of "health and beauty", vitaminizing supplements, thermogenics, herbal blends supporting the functioning of the endocrine system.
Hesperidin - bioflavonoid occurring naturally in plants (fruit, vegetables and herbs), is an antioxidant binding free radicals, is beneficial to cardiovascular system (strengthening of blood vessels, improved circulation). Increases the effectiveness of ascorbic acid and maintaining the appropriate structure of collagen, affects the state of connective tissue. It also has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic potential (reducing the release of histidine) and increases immunity. In the supplementation there is lack of hesperidin mono-preparation. Both in the form of natural or synthetic, present in combination with quercetin, rutin and ascorbic acid. Available in supplements to support immunity, and in some creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: Recommended in sports supplementation 20-100mg per day.
Naringin - flavonid glycoside occurring in grapefruit and bitter orange, metabolized in the body to form of narginin. Metabolism provides nutritional, antioxidant and lowering bad cholesterol activity. Lowering the level of cortisol (stress hormone), it has catabolic effects on muscle tissue, but it can negatively affect the insulin metabolism. Naringin included in the extracts of citrus fruits, vitaminizing, fat burners, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) - an Asian plant in the family Araliaceae. The raw material is the root. Siberian ginseng has the antioxidant, immune-inflammatory, antibacterial, antidepressant and anti-tumour. potential The most important substance indicating biological activity are eleutherosides, supporting the work of the digestive system, lowering LDL cholesterol levels, reducing the risk of pancreatic cancer and supporting sexual function. Siberian ginseng is one of the adaptogens, substances that contribute to the development of immunity of the organism.
In the sports supplementation Siberian ginseng is used as a booster for the endocrine, circulatory, immune, nervous systems and as a primary source of adaptogens, enhancing strenuous training, affort at a sporting events or loads of stress. Included in herbal blends (including other varieties of ginseng), increasing testosterone levels, increasing exercise capacity (strength, endurance, aerobic metabolism), as well as it is in the composition of the plant aphrodisiacs complexes. Available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: in sports supplementation shall be 100 - 500 mg / 24h.
Inositol is an organic compound from the group of B vitamins soluble in fluids, present in the natural or synthetic form, synthesized in plants, such as brewer's yeast, beans, grapefruit, cabbage, sprout of wheat, melons and animal (liver). Along with choline is included in the lecithin. It affects the cell nutrition of the central nervous system (brain) by reducing the level of LDL (bad cholesterol), this makes it applicable in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and atherosclerosis. It has a calming effect. There has been a beneficial effect of inositol on the skin and hair reported.
Choline belongs to the soluble in liquids group of B vitamins. It is an organic nitrogen base containing lecithin, and acetylcholine. Together with inositol is involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol metabolism, preventing its accumulation on the walls of arteries and deposits in the gallbladder. With the penetration of the brain, contained lecithin improves its action and improves memory. Used in the treatment of age-related diseases (Alzheimer's). It occurs in plant foods: yeast, wheat germ, lecithin, green leafy vegetables and egg yolks.
Choline bitartrate a combination of one molecule of tartaric acid and choline, and in this embodiment is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter). The human body is able to intracellular synthesis of choline, using the amino acid and vitamin B12. Because of the possibility of shortages of the above mentioned substances, it is necessary to supplement them with supplementation. Choline is a component of lecithin, which is the building substance of cells conditioning the proper functioning of the nervous system, and sphingomyelin, acting as an insulator of nerve tissue. Bitartrate affects the course of fat metabolism. In the sports supplementation of choline, bitartrate is used in the stimulating supplements,, affecting concentration and programs of weight control (fat reduction).
Dosage: 1-3 grams per day.
Lutein, a derivative of alpha-carotene is a natural plant dye, colouring in yellow, is also present in the yolk of egg. In the body, located primarily in the retina of the human eye (together with Zeaxanthin), it acts as a natural filter for the eye, absorbing ultraviolet radiation. It is a powerful antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements and multi-compound supplements with antioxidant, protecting the eyes, action, as well as multivitamins, creatine stacks and no-boosters.
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