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In the light of the most recent studies, there is no need to divide creatine supplementation into cycles – it may be constantly applied without the loss of the supplement’s effectiveness or any other side-effects. However, remember about increased water supply during taking creatine.
To maximize effort abilities, it will be optimal to take a portion of a supplement before a training session with caffeine.
Proteins (proteins, polypeptides) is a polymer, of which the basic units (monomers) are amino acids. Protein is composed of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and sulfur, and is an elementary nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the body, an ingredient and a component of tissues, part of the hormones and enzymes and other bioactive substances. Protein determines the proper metabolism and energy processes, as well as all other life processes. The sources of natural proteins are foods of animal origin (including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and plant origin (legumes, soy). Deficiency of protein leads to protein malnutrition and a significant weakening of the body. It can lead to anaemia, reduced immunity, muscle relaxation, disorders of the digestive system. Also, overdose protein is undesirable because it can lead to acidification of the body, and interfere with the digestive system and an increase in the concentration of homocysteine in the blood. It is a component of many supplements and nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body, both showing a low physical activity, or training the strength and endurance competitions.
Dosage: strength athletes: approx. 1.7 - 2.5 g / 1 kg of body weight; endurance athletes and strength -endurance athletes approx. 1.3 - 2 g / 1 kg of body weight, people with low activity approx. 0.8 - 1.1 g / 1 kg of body weight / 24h. In estimating the amount of protein, you should take into account the intake of other nutrients (carbohydrates and fats)
Sugars - is the term used to refer to the crystal structure of the carbohydrate (sugar), characterized by a sweet taste. This group includes: sucrose (obtained from sugar cane and sugar beets and natural foods), fruit sugars (fructose) and glucose. Carbohydrate intake should not exceed 10% of the energy consumed during the day meals. Excess intake of sugars leading to diseases, including diabetes, atherosclerosis and obesity. Particular caution should be performed carbohydrate intake by athletes of sculpting disciplines and people on a diet. A greater need for carbohydrates, due being easily accessible sources of energy, may be in the periods before and after workouts and before and after the fight. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
Phosphorus (chemical element of nitrogen family, occurring in several colours: white [poisonous], red, purple and black). It is a micro element involved in the physiological responses of the organism. It is a factor of the proper structure of bones and teeth, storing approx. 85% of the element in the form of hydroxyapatite. Adjusts the acidity in the body by increasing the pH. It is a component of nucleic acids. It also affects the proper functioning of the kidneys and the heart and nerves (transfer pulse). A natural source of obtaining of phosphorus are both plant (eggs, seeds, nuts, whole grains) and animal origin products (poultry, different types of meat, fish). Phosphorus deficiency and strengthen the bone structure can be adjusted by the use of appropriate nutrients and supplements.
Phosphorus deficiency causes bone disease (rickets) and phlegmon.
Excess of phosphorus (although it is excreted through the kidneys) can cause an imbalance of minerals (especially lower calcium levels, up to total loss). Particular caution in consuming products and specifics containing phosphorus is recommended to people suffering from chronic kidney disorders and the elderly. Excess of potassium should be balanced with the increased intake of calcium.
Dosage: 800-1200 mg per day. The higher limit of dosage should be consumed by pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Salt (sodium chloride, or table salt), natural source of electrolytes (chlorine and potassium), regulating water and electrolyte and acid-base balance of the body, affecting the nervous system and blood pressure. Sodium is an essential element for the proper growth. The proper dose of salt prevents overheating of the body and solar stroke. It provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves the body. Chlorine in combination with sodium, is involved in the digestive process and maintains acid-base balance in the body, as antitoxin removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver. Salt is a flavour component and preservative of many foods, nutritional supplements and mixtures of electrolytes, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: no specific standards of consumption, used so as to provide sufficient amount of electrolytes to the body (sodium and chloride).
MicronTec Micronised Creatine Monohydrate – a technologically advanced form of creatine monohydrate, the king of dietary supplements. Owing to maximum micronisation of the product, the active substance has better solubility and absorption. Because of that, it is a perfect solution for individuals looking for a high-quality nutritional supplement based on one of the most thoroughly tested ingredients.
Creatine owes its popularity due to its great effectiveness and safety of use. As a substrate in one of the main energy pathways in the body, its supplementation is a direct way to increase the body’s physical performance. Consequently, this helps provide stronger training stimuli. Because of that, creatine allows you to achieve the desired goals in a shorter period of time.
Creatine is valued also due to its great anabolic potential. It arises not only from to its ability to increase physical capacity but also direct impact on hypertrophy. Creatine inhibits the activity of myostatins which are factors that inhibit muscle growth. This helps speed up anabolic metabolism.
What is more, creatine shows the ability to promote the hydration of muscle tissue. As a result, there is an increase in sarcoplasm concentrations in myocytes which leads to a more optimum biochemical enviroment and thus improved processes of muscle regeneration and development.
Creatine ethyl ester (CEE) - Creatine with strong anabolic, catabolic and erogenic potential obtained through esterification, to obtain a higher bioavailability of creatine, and thus reducing the value of its individual doses. This results in lower weight gain than during use of special forms of creatine but better quality. Creatine ethyl ester is used in sports supplementation to obtain improvement in exercise capacity (strength and endurance) as mono-preparation supplement (in tablet form) or as a nutritional supplement (creatine stacks) and pre-workout supplements.
Creatine malate (tri-creatine malate, TCM, di-creatine malate) is a combination of one molecule of creatine and three (or two) of molecules of malic acid in the ionized form (malate) in one molecule. It has better solubility in liquids of creatine monohydrate. Malate is involved in energy conversion enhancing effect of creatine in this regard. With proper use of creatine malate, there is an increase in exercise capacity of the body (strength and endurance), acceleration - although slower than provide other compounds creatine for better quality - of increase in lean body mass, provides faster and better biological regeneration after exercise. To have a fast saturation of the muscles with creatine, products containing insulin should be used (carbohydrates and proteins) or insulin-mimetic (and the substances of similar ALA, D-pinitol, taurine). Creatine malate is available in the form of powders and capsules (mono-preparation supplements and creatine stacks), for purchase at muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: Usual recommendation in sports, depends on the form of supplement, the type of exercises and weight, uses one of the following creatine dosage models:
- cyclic supplementation: 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 2-5g per dose. Cycle length approx. 4-12 weeks
- Constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.
Creatine citrate is formed from the combination of creatine molecules and three molecules of citric acid in one molecule. It is a substance soluble in body fluids, more soluble than creatine monohydrate. Ionized citric acid (citrate) is involved in energy conversion, by acting in conjunction with creatine, increases this potential and gives the compound an additional properties. Creatine citrate, when used systematically, effects the energy storage, supporting the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and increase of muscle mass. It has a regenerative ability through a pH, return to ATP balance in combination with anabolic activity of kinases activated by creatine. Due to the responsibility of the hormone insulin for the transport of creatine into the muscle cells, it is desirable to use creatine during meals or by the use of supplements (carbohydrate, carbohydrate-protein, insulin-like) and citrate creatine mono-preparation and multi-compaund supplements and as supplement to creatine stacks.
Dosage: Depending on the form of supplement, the type of exercise and weight, usually used one of the following creatine supplementation models:
1) supplementation cycle: 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 2-5g per dose. Cycle length of about 4-12 weeks
2) constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg body weight for an extended period of time.
Dicalcium phosphate - a combination of phosphorus and calcium (classified as macronutrients) in a single molecule. Calcium is the building substance of bones, teeth and activator of enzymes, including ATP-ers release ATP energy. It affects the blood clotting and muscle-nerve conduction. Phosphorus, besides a common feature with calcium- the bone structure, conditioning their development and normal condition, and also affects the formation of nucleic acids and brain tissue. It stimulates the acid-base. It participates in the processes of energy (phosphorylation) and phosphocreatine synthesis. Calcium phosphate is used in supplementation, as the ingredient of mineralizing, vitamin-mineral and pre- and post-workout supplements.
Dipotassium phosphate a combination of phosphorus and potassium (classified as macronutrients) in one molecule. Potassium affects cell volume (level of hydration) and provides the proper acid-base balance. In the cellular system and the circulatory system it is a calcium antagonist. Phosphorus is the building substance of bones and guarantee their proper functioning, causes the development of nucleic acids and brain tissue, and it is involved in the phosphorylation process. Involved in the synthesis of high energy compounds. Part of mineral, vitamin-mineralizing and pre- and post-workout supplements.
Disodium phosphate – formed from sodium and phosphate, elements belonging to the macro nutrients, in a single molecule. Sodium is involved in the stimulation of water and electrolyte, acid-base balance in the body, affects the amount of blood pressure. Phosphorus is the building substance of bones and guarantee the normal development of the skeletal system, part of the nucleic acids and brain tissue. It has high energy potential (phosphorylation). It strengthens the acid-base balance of the body by adjusting the level of pH acidic factor. Disodium phosphate dihydrate (disodium phosphate) is part of the mineralizing, vitaminizing-mineral and pre- and post-workout. supplements
Dosage: Up to a few grams per day, depending on the individual needs of the body and the size of the losses incurred during exercise.
Kre-Alkalyn (buffered creatine monohydrate) is a patented formula of creatine, operating with better effect in smaller doses than other forms of creatine (creatine monohydrate). Use of kre-alkyn does not store water in the intercellular spaces, and muscle cells, its use provides full transportation (without support) into muscle cells. With its application, there are no digestive disorders.
Kre-alkalyn regularly used enhances the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and accelerates the growth of lean body mass. Used after exercise affects the rapid renewal of cells and reduces the feeling of fatigue. It is often used by athletes, despite the higher price then other complexes of creatine. It is available as mono-preparation supplements (capsules, and powders) as well as the complementing of creatine stacks.
Dosage: as recommended by the manufacturer 2.5 - 5g / 24h.
Beta-alanine (β-alanine) is a β-amino acid (the same group to which the I-alanine belongs, but with different chemistries). In combination with histidine, it forms β-alanyl-L-histidine (carnosine) - a antioxidant, chelating and buffering compound. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows to extend the physical performance and endurance, it affects biological recovery after exercise. Beta-alanine is available in the form of single component and advanced amino-acid supplements, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
CarnoSyn® is a patented, highly bioavailable form of beta-alanine, designed by Natural Alternatives International (NAI). Its effectiveness has been confirmed by numerous clinical tests. To date, more than 55 independently reviewed studies on the CarnoSyn® properties have been published. CarnoSyn® Beta-alanine is found in advanced, multi-component peri-training formulas, but it can also be purchased as a mono-preparation.
The active ingredient of CarnoSyn® is beta-alanine. This amino acid is used in the body mainly for the production of carnosine, which is responsible for buffering of the drop in pH, associated with the formation of lactic acid in muscle cells during physical exertion. The increased level of carnosine results in better tolerance to effort and growth of muscle strength and endurance, which delays fatigue and prolongs the ability to continue exercise.
Dosage: as to ensure the optimal effect of CarnoSyn®, NAI recommends using 3.2g of the product per day for a minimum period of 4 weeks (the so-called loading phase). In addition, the manufacturer suggests dividing this dose into two portions, (1.6 g each), which helps to avoid the symptoms of paresthesia that sometimes occur following administration of beta-alanine.
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