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The supplement is designed especially for individuals doing strength training who are willing to maximise the regenerative capacity of muscle cells and thus stimulate anabolic processes and muscle growth.
We recommend it to those with dietary protein deficiencies. In order to enhance anabolic effects, incorporate a creatine stack or one form of creatine to your supplementation regimen. Remember that the supplement cannot be a substitute for a healthy diet and it should be only an addition to wholesome meals.
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Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.
Saturated fatty acids are a group of fatty acid having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is linked by a single bond. Saturated fatty acids are commonly known as bad fat, which might adversely affect the cholesterol level, in particular by the action of acids: lauric, myristic, palmitic, and therefore their consumption should be reduced. Research carried out in this matter do not confirm entirely the prevailing beliefs.
Cholesterol is a derivative cyclopentaperhydrophenanthrene, produced inside the body or obtained from food of animal origin (such as meat, seafood, meat offal, fats, meats and egg yolk). Individual fractions of cholesterol have different effects on the human body. It is used for the production of compounds of high biological activity (bile acids, steroid hormones, vitamin D3), it is a building substance of cell membranes. The concepts of "bad cholesterol" (LDL - containing lipoproteins low value) and "good cholesterol" (HDL - high-density lipoproteins) are the conventional terms. There is only one cholesterol. Fractions are transported by proteins, that carry them into the blood vessel walls (LDL) or the liver (HDL). The specific levels of cholesterol fraction defines the so-called. lipid profile, which, properly regulated by the food, should not cause a disturbance in the LDL - HDL relation.
Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.
Dietary fibre is a mixture of undigested substances and not absorbed by the human body. Due to the properties divided into: insoluble fibre (e.g. cellulose [polysaccharide] found in fruits and vegetables), partially soluble fibre (including hemicellulose occurring with cereal grains and soluble fibre (including pectin, gums, mucilages [polysaccharides]). Dietary fibre affects the digestive system and gastrointestinal system regulating its operation. By filling the stomach (satiety) reduces appetite, lowers triglycerides and cholesterol and consequently can support the weight loss process and maintain a slim body. It also affects blood glucose levels and cleansing the body of toxins. Available in powder formulations (capsules, and powders), mainly containing the soluble fraction (pectin, gums and mucilages) diet and meal replacements.
Dosage: 10-20 grams per day, before or during meals with some water.
Sugars - is the term used to refer to the crystal structure of the carbohydrate (sugar), characterized by a sweet taste. This group includes: sucrose (obtained from sugar cane and sugar beets and natural foods), fruit sugars (fructose) and glucose. Carbohydrate intake should not exceed 10% of the energy consumed during the day meals. Excess intake of sugars leading to diseases, including diabetes, atherosclerosis and obesity. Particular caution should be performed carbohydrate intake by athletes of sculpting disciplines and people on a diet. A greater need for carbohydrates, due being easily accessible sources of energy, may be in the periods before and after workouts and before and after the fight. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Proteins (proteins, polypeptides) is a polymer, of which the basic units (monomers) are amino acids. Protein is composed of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and sulfur, and is an elementary nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the body, an ingredient and a component of tissues, part of the hormones and enzymes and other bioactive substances. Protein determines the proper metabolism and energy processes, as well as all other life processes. The sources of natural proteins are foods of animal origin (including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and plant origin (legumes, soy). Deficiency of protein leads to protein malnutrition and a significant weakening of the body. It can lead to anaemia, reduced immunity, muscle relaxation, disorders of the digestive system. Also, overdose protein is undesirable because it can lead to acidification of the body, and interfere with the digestive system and an increase in the concentration of homocysteine in the blood. It is a component of many supplements and nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body, both showing a low physical activity, or training the strength and endurance competitions.
Dosage: strength athletes: approx. 1.7 - 2.5 g / 1 kg of body weight; endurance athletes and strength -endurance athletes approx. 1.3 - 2 g / 1 kg of body weight, people with low activity approx. 0.8 - 1.1 g / 1 kg of body weight / 24h. In estimating the amount of protein, you should take into account the intake of other nutrients (carbohydrates and fats)
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Casein is the protein contained in milk, has several fractions: alpha-, beta-, gamma- and kappa-casein. It has a high nutritional value because of the participation of essential amino acids and BCAAs, retained in the body by a longer digestion. Confirmed, by the scientific research, their strong anti-catabolic potential. The most common form of casein preparations are micellar casein and casein with calcium hydroxide. A weak point is that it is less soluble than whey protein. Should be used during long breaks between meals by both athletes and physically active people. Available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 30 - 90 mg / 24 hours, depending on individual needs, the consumption recommend especially before a long rest (e.g. night).
WPC is a whey protein concentrate containing proteins obtained in the microfiltration process (sometimes ultrafiltration) of milk. Provides the body with essential branched amino acids (lysine) is not synthesized in the body itself. Bioactive components differ in chemical composition and, therefore, have different activity. Some of them allow the body to store vitamin A (retinol) and iron. The concentrate WPC contains i.e.: 36% of beta-lactoglobulin, 20% of alpha-lactalbumin, 10% immunoglobulins, albumin 5% blood serum, 4% of lactoferrin and transferrin. In the sports supplementation recommended for all sports, with particular emphasis on strength competition sports, endurance and building the body sports, due to the composition of the amino acids, digestibility and bioavailability, as a base for carbohydrate-protein supplements, protein bars and meals type MRP, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: pre- and post-workout, 30 - 90g / 24h, according to individual requirements
Amylopectin and amylose are components of starch (carbohydrate of vegetable origin). The combination of these two components means that the main chain is highly branched chain, and side chains are attached with α-1,6-glicosidic bindings. Soaked in water to swell (but do not dissolve). Heated to a temperature above 50 ° C swells transforming into sol (named also gruel) and at high concentrations amylopectin achieves properties of gel. In the sports supplementation, drinks that contain amylopectin, faster supplements muscle glycogen (than e.g. Sugars).
Amylopectin is one of the basic ingredients of the carbohydrate formula Vitargo, it is also included in carbohydrate concentrates, often enriched by electrolytes, as well as the supplements of carbohydrate and protein.
Dosage: lack of standards for daily consumption, the daily dose is dependent on the energy needs of the body
Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.
Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.
Starch is a plant sugar store, composed of particles of glucose produced in the process of photosynthesis (α-D-glucoses linked by α-1,4-glucosidic bonds), and is equivalent to the animal glycogen; belonging to the groups of basic carbohydrates. It consists of amylose and amylopectin. It is insoluble in water, after soaking swells making better filling of the gastrointestinal tract and reduces hunger. During the heating the gelatinization starch takes place. Starches can be divided into: native (achieved e.g. potato, corn, wheat) and wax (e.g. In the waxy maize). Native starch used in the starch production (stiffening agent) and puddings and jellies. The waxy starch amylopectin prevails. Starch is an essential nutrient in the carbohydrate diet of different nutrients and supplements, available at the www.muscle-zone.pl
Waxy maize (corn starch - wax) contains amylopectin (a glucose polymer) affecting the rate of digestion of the gastrointestinal tract and digestive tract due to the higher availability of digestive enzymes and glycogen replenishment rate. It is used in carbohydrate diet of people who have problems with the supply of natural foods. In the sports supplementation it is a component of carbohydrate, carbohydrate and protein supplements and creatine stacks.
Lactase (a digestive enzyme) is involved in the digestion of milk sugar (lactose) and improving its digestibility, artificially derived from yeast. In the supplementation it is a component of a nutritional composition containing protein from milk (casein, whey), carbohydrates, meal replacements type of MRP and as an additive in the complexes of the amino acids, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No standards for consumption
Cellulase is an enzyme of the hydrolase class. It is responsible for catalysing the hydrolysis of β-1 4-glycosidic bonds between glucose molecules in cellulose (a building block for plant cell walls). This reaction leads to the formation of the disaccharide cellobiose which is converted into glucose.
The human body is not capable of synthesising cellulase. Because of that, dietary fibre is not digested and used as a source of energy. Nonetheless, it has a beneficial impact on health, is essential for maintaining normal digestive function and may prevent many diseases. Because of that, it must not be excluded from the diet.
In supplementation, cellulase is most frequently an ingredient of digestive enzyme blends. It can be also found in health-promoting supplements with vegetable and fruit extracts. It is recommended especially to persons who complain of digestive discomfort after consuming fibre-rich foods.
Protease (proteinase, peptidase) is a proteolytic enzyme. It is responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds between amino acids in proteins. Protease is released as a biologically inactive proenzyme which is activated in the gastrointestinal lumen.
Protease is not a single compound. It is a large group of 500 various proteases. They can be classified by e.g. the pH in which they are active (acid, neutral and basic) and catalytic mechanisms (serine, threonine, cysteine, spartic and glutamic proteases and metalloproteases).
The role of proteases in human life is not only restricted to digestive processes. They are also involved in the process of growth, maturation and ageing of the body. They play a major function in the growth and spread of pathogenic microorganisms and that is why protease inhibitors are effective in the treatment of many diseases.
In supplementation, proteases are used most frequently to promote the digestion of protein products. They are added to preparations with digestive enzyme blends or protein-rich supplements. What is more, these enzymes are a popular ingredient of formulations for combating the biofilm, formed by pathogenic bacteria in the body.
Amylase (diastase), belong to the group of digestive enzymes (from the group of hydrolases) that catalyse the decomposition of polysaccharides (starch and glycogen) into simple sugars. They are found in saliva, pancreatic juice secreted into the small intestine continuing the digestion. In nature, found in malt, cereal grains. Included in the dietary supplement in combination with the components decomposing milk sugar (lactose), lipases (enzymes that catalyse the hydrolysis decomposition of an ester bond of fat) and proteases (enzymes that catalyse the decomposition of peptide bonds, and are involved in the digestion of protein). Products containing lipase are recommended for active people using high carbohydrate diet and eating hearty meals.
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