Using creatine is recommended both to beginners and advanced sportsmen as well as physically active people. The newest research show that the best option is around-training supplementation only on workout days without the division into cycles. The best results will be achieved when taking 2 doses each day, one in the morning, the second after training or between meals on non-workout days.
Creatine citrate is formed from the combination of creatine molecules and three molecules of citric acid in one molecule. It is a substance soluble in body fluids, more soluble than creatine monohydrate. Ionized citric acid (citrate) is involved in energy conversion, by acting in conjunction with creatine, increases this potential and gives the compound an additional properties. Creatine citrate, when used systematically, effects the energy storage, supporting the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and increase of muscle mass. It has a regenerative ability through a pH, return to ATP balance in combination with anabolic activity of kinases activated by creatine. Due to the responsibility of the hormone insulin for the transport of creatine into the muscle cells, it is desirable to use creatine during meals or by the use of supplements (carbohydrate, carbohydrate-protein, insulin-like) and citrate creatine mono-preparation and multi-compaund supplements and as supplement to creatine stacks.
Dosage: Depending on the form of supplement, the type of exercise and weight, usually used one of the following creatine supplementation models:
1) supplementation cycle: 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 2-5g per dose. Cycle length of about 4-12 weeks
2) constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg body weight for an extended period of time.
Creatine malate (tri-creatine malate, TCM, di-creatine malate) is a combination of one molecule of creatine and three (or two) of molecules of malic acid in the ionized form (malate) in one molecule. It has better solubility in liquids of creatine monohydrate. Malate is involved in energy conversion enhancing effect of creatine in this regard. With proper use of creatine malate, there is an increase in exercise capacity of the body (strength and endurance), acceleration - although slower than provide other compounds creatine for better quality - of increase in lean body mass, provides faster and better biological regeneration after exercise. To have a fast saturation of the muscles with creatine, products containing insulin should be used (carbohydrates and proteins) or insulin-mimetic (and the substances of similar ALA, D-pinitol, taurine). Creatine malate is available in the form of powders and capsules (mono-preparation supplements and creatine stacks), for purchase at muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: Usual recommendation in sports, depends on the form of supplement, the type of exercises and weight, uses one of the following creatine dosage models:
- cyclic supplementation: 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 2-5g per dose. Cycle length approx. 4-12 weeks
- Constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.
Creatine monohydrate is a popular and cheapest form of creatine used in sports supplementation in Poland. This is a molecule, in which are bound: creatine molecule with a molecule of water. It has a high bioavailability and tissue velocity saturation. Supports the exercise capacity (strength and endurance), accelerates muscle growth and regeneration after training exercise. Transport of creatine into the muscle cells is supported by the insulin hormone. For better effect of saturation of the tissues, a diet increasing the content of insulin in the body is indicated (carbohydrate and high protein diet) and supporting nutrients and supplements (Dietary carbohydrate and carbohydrate-protein, insulin ALA, d-pinitol or taurine). Creatine monohydrate is present in the form of mono-preparation supplements (capsules, powders, tablets) and multicomponent supplements (i.e. as a component of creatine stacks).
Dosage: depending on the form of supplement, the type of exercise and weight, normally are used one of the following models of creatine supplementation:
- cyclic supplementation : 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 3-5g per dose. The length of the cycle for 4-8 weeks.
- cyclic supplementation with saturated phase: the first 5-7 days after 20-30g daily in 4-6 doses of 4-6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2-10g per day in divided doses. The length of the cycle 4-8 weeks
- constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.
Creatine nitrate - a form of creatine that combines creatine and nitrate action (made to nitric oxide form). Creatine is a carrier and storage of energy, affects its intracellular conversion in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Increases the hydration of muscle cells and participates in the storage of glycogen. It is an activator of anabolic enzymes, delays an catabolic effect, allowing the extension of metabolic transformation (shows ergogenic, anabolic and anti-catabolic activity). Nitrates are converted in the body to a form of nitric oxide, increasing patency and blood supply to tissues and organs.
Creatine (β-methylguanidoacetic acid) is an endogenous substance, synthesized from the acids present in liver and kidney (L-arginine, L-glycine and L-methionine) and consumption of meat. Its action ensures an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level, which is an energy carrier, increases the hydration of cells and muscle glycogen stores. In the sports supplementation creatine is stored in the muscles, which improves energy management, exercise capacity and quick recovery and muscle growth. It has the ergogenic, anabolic and anti-catabolic potential.
Creatine is one of the high-performance substances used in competitive sports, with a reputation confirmed by scientific research. In the form of mono-preparation supplements such as creatine ester, creatine malate, creatine monohydrate, and the multi-component supplements (both various forms of creatine, as well as other substances, precursors of nitric oxide, the BCAA type amino acids). Supplements containing creatine available for purchase at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: depending on the form of preparation, the type of exercise and weight, normally one of the following models of creatine dosage is used:
- cyclic supplementation: 5 - 10g per day in 1 - 3 portions a day, 2 - 5 g per dose. Cycle time approx. 4 - 12 weeks
- cyclic supplementation with saturated phase: first 5 - 7 days 20 - 30g per day on Day 4 - 6 doses 4 - 6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2 - 10g per day in divided doses. Cycle time approx. 4 - 8 weeks
- constant supplementation: 0.03 - 0.05 g per kg body weight for an extended period of time.
Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.
Creatine gluconate - a combination of a molecule of creatine and glucose, increasing the bioavailability of nutrients from the digestive tract into the bloodstream and from there on to muscle cells. Used in creatine supplementation, recommended for physically active people and athletes practising strength and strength-endurance sports as an element of increasing the exercise capacity and as component supplementing the diet, enhancing anabolic and anti-catabolic potential of creatine. Creatine has also ergogenic potential. The use of equivalent doses guarantees an increased strength, lean body mass and improvement of body composition and body aesthetics. On the market supplement it is available as a component of the advanced pre- and post-workout preparations.
Dosage: 1-3 g per day, pre- and post-workout (customarily in sports supplementation).
Creatine ethyl ester (CEE) - Creatine with strong anabolic, catabolic and erogenic potential obtained through esterification, to obtain a higher bioavailability of creatine, and thus reducing the value of its individual doses. This results in lower weight gain than during use of special forms of creatine but better quality. Creatine ethyl ester is used in sports supplementation to obtain improvement in exercise capacity (strength and endurance) as mono-preparation supplement (in tablet form) or as a nutritional supplement (creatine stacks) and pre-workout supplements.
Alpha-ketoglutarate creatine is an intermediary product of the Krebs cycle, the salt of glutaric acid and creatine. It has a high ergogenic (glutaric acid) and anabolic (creatine) potential. Used in a combination - enhance the effect (synergism). The use of regular Creatine alpha-ketoglutarate increases remarkably exercise capacity (strength and endurance), accelerates the growth of lean body mass and enhances recovering after a hard workout. On the Polish market is available only as a component of creatine stacks.
Dosage: usually 4-8 grams per day, mainly before- and after of training.
Orotate (synonyms: tri-creatine ororate, di-creatine ororate), is formed from the combination of molecules of creatine and three or two molecules of orotic acid in one molecule. Orotic acid (vitamin B13) belongs to the group of water soluble vitamins, is involved in the metabolism of folic acid (vitamin M) and vitamin B12. It occurs in plant origim products. It cure multiple sclerosis. It affects the production of energy through the increase of uridine monophosphate (UMP) and the level of 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate (PRPP), increasing storage of glycogen in the muscles. Creatine (β-methylguanidoacetic acid), it is an endogenous substance, synthesized from the acids present in liver and kidney (L-arginine, L-glycine and L-methionine) and the consumption of meat. Its operation provides a level Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is an energy carrier, increases the hydration of cells and muscle glycogen stores. In the sports supplementation, creatine is stored in the muscles, which improves energy management, exercise capacity and quick recovery and muscle growth. It has the ergogenic, anabolic and anti-catabolic potential. A combination of these components with the systematic application increases the functional capacity (strength and endurance), increase lean body mass and accelerates of the recovery of the body after exercising. Because of the anabolism of insulin, increasing creatine transport into muscle cells, it is recommended to combine it with supplements that increase insulin sensitivity (and insulin-mimetics). Orotate, is used by athletes practising strength sports, is available as mono-preparation supplements (powders, capsules) or as a base component of the creatine stacks at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: The dose used should be given by a doctor or dietician, depending on the type of exercise, length of cycle (cycles of short duration, constant supplementation), and the weight:
- The supplementation cycles of 4 - 12 weeks, 5 - 10 g / 24h (in single or divided doses up to 3 servings / 24h)
- Continuous supplementation from 0.03 g - 0.05 g / kg of body weight