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In case of high exposure to the factors that may lead to the deficits of vitamins and minerals (stress, increased physical activity, drugs), the dose should be increased to 4-6 tablets a day. For people who use diverse and balanced diet, 1-3 tablets a day may be sufficient. The best benefits resulting from taking the preparation may be achieved by daily, regular supplementation. The preparation may be used both by women and men. Because of the fact that there are the components soluble both in water and fats, it is best to take the product around a meal.
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Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Beta-carotene (provitamin A) is a fat-soluble form of vitamin A (retinol). It is a necessary vitamin for the development and acquisition of proteins, necessary to rebuild a bone structure. Irreplaceable in the treatment of eye diseases (prevents decrease of vision and so called night blindness). It strengthens the immune system. It is a strong oxidant. In its natural form it can be found found only in plants (unlike retinol, which is present in foods of animal origin) such as chard, squash, kale, carrots, apricots, tomatoes). Available in the form of supplements and nutrients as an essential component of the sports diet.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer taking of synthetic vitamin C.
Ascorbic acid – vitamin C. Its biologically active form is the L-isomer, which negatively rotates the polarised light, so that it is a dextroisomer (laevorotatory vitamin C does not exist). It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces the amounts of free radicals, which reduces oxidative stress, a factor leading to cell apoptosis, which is why it is indicated to be a cause for premature ageing.
It supports the immune system functions and increases body system immunity. It is an essential element of the collagen synthesis path, which is why it positively affects the condition of connective tissue. Hence, it promotes also wound healing and increases the durability of capillary vessel. It is involved in transformations of tyrosine and carnitine as well as of some nutrients, so that it affects metabolism. It can also have an impact on the nervous system functions, as it reduces mental fatigue.
Higher supply of vitamin C is especially recommended in the periods of more intensive body system burden, after infections and in order to accelerate regeneration. The indications for increased supply of the vitamin are also hard physical work or intensive trainings.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3, is an organic chemical that belongs to the family of D vitamins. It is naturally found in fatty fish, fish oil, egg yolks, milk and dairy products. It is also synthesized in the human body. It is formed from 7-dehydrocholesterol present in the keratinocytes of the spinous and the basal layers of the epidermis, and a pre-requisite for initiating this process is the action of 290-315 nm wavelength UVB radiation on the skin.
Cholecalciferol is a biologically inactive compound. In the body, it undergoes enzymatic hydroxylation – first in the liver, with the participation of 25-hydroxylase, when calcidiol is formed and secondly in the kidneys, where under the influence of 1-α-hydroxylase, calcidiol is converted into the final active form – calcitriol.
The most important role of vitamin D3 in the body is the regulation of calcium-phosphate metabolism, which directly affects normal skeletal mineralization. In addition, it is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, insulin secretion, as well as in some functions of the nervous, endocrine and immune systems.
Cholecalciferol is the most popular form of vitamin D used in dietary supplements. Studies show that supplementation with vitamin D in this form most effectively and rapidly raises the level of 25 (OH) D3 – a metabolite that is a marker of the level of vitamin D in the body.
Dosage: according to RDI standards for individual age groups.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
Vitamin K exists in the triad of vitamins: menaquinone (vitamin. K1), menadione (vitamin. K2) and menadione (vitamin. K3), soluble in fat. It is produced by bacteria in the human colon. Natural sources of vitamin. K are: eggs, kale, cauliflower, cabbage, meat, milk, lettuce, spinach, fish oil and liver. The synthetic form is administered to newborns, to reduce the sterility of the gastrointestinal tract. Used as a antihaemorrhagic, due to its participation in the process of prothrombin. Increases antibacterial and antifungal immunity. Prevents abundant bleeding during menstruation of women.
Vitamin K deficiency causes external bleeding and ecchymosis on skin, decreased prothrombin synthesis in the liver (especially while taking antibiotics and sulfanilamide).
Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.
The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.
Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.
Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
What is methylcobalamin?
Methylcobalamin is a biologically active form of vitamin B12. It is one of the two forms of this vitamin that may be used as cofactors in various reactions. It differs from popular cyanocobalamin in the presence of methyl group instead of cyanide, thanks to which it releases the organism from the need of neutralizing this harmful factor.
The methyl group from methylcobalamin may be transferred to homocysteine, thanks to which it comes back in the form of methionine in order to be further converted to SAMe, which is the main donor of methyl groups in our organism. These methyl groups may be then used in the processes of creatine production, in neurotransmitter metabolism and as DNA methylation, thanks to which we achieve proper energy level, better well-being and generally better condition of the organism. B12 is a coenzyme for three enzymes: isomerase, methyltransferase and dehalogenase.
Apart from the influence on the nervous system, the supply of vitamin B12 is also very important for the proper synthesis of red cells as well as hemoglobin and anemia prevention.
Methylcobalamin in mono-supplements and complex vitamin preparations may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.
Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day
Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.
Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.
Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day
Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.
Exogenous methionine is an amino acid containing sulphur in its composition. It provides multi metabolism, with the indispensable help of vitamin B6. Participates in the synthesis of phospholipids (e.g. Lecithin), carnitine responsible for transport in the body of long-chain fatty acids, burned in the mitochondria cells (organelles in cells with a separate kernel), along with cystine forms cysteine. It is in the body antioxidant function. Natural source of acquisition of methionine are high-protein foods of animal origin (eggs, meat, fish), vegetable (sesame seeds, grain products). Available in all protein and carbohydrate protein and amino acid supplements such EAA and contain so-called all-day amino acids, supporting the liver preparations and cosmetics supporting the growth and condition of hair, skin and nails.
Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage, disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.
Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.
Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.
Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.
Chromium polynicotinate, is an organic chemical compound made from the combination of trivalent chromium with vitamin PP (niacin, vitamin B3) included in the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), synthesized in the liver and increasing functional properties of insulin. Polynicotinate chromium has stabilizing effect on blood pressure. It has thermogenic potential, allowing for decreased appetite (especially for sweets), reduces the risk of developing diabetes, keeps the body in good physical condition. In the dietary supplementation, polynicotinate chromium is used in programs to reduce body fat and improve body composition, it is in the form of mono-preparation supplement and is a component of weight loss preparations (thermogenic), and vitamin and mineralizing supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 50 - 150ug / 24
Molybdenum (the element of the chromium groups, atomic no. 42, a chemical symbol Mo) - a trace element involved in the metabolic conversion of carbohydrates and fats and increases the absorption of iron. It is used to treat anaemia. Well affects the mood.. It is a component of many dietary supplements and in foods such as lettuce, cabbage and other leafy green vegetables, whole grains (corn, sunflower, etc.).
Greens - under this name there are hidden matrices of plant origin components in the form of powder concentrates (to replace fresh fruits and vegetables): fruits, vegetables and some herbs contain active biological components, such as : bioflavonoids, microelements and vitamins, which can complement the diet short in unprocessed plant origin products. Concentrates of fruit, vegetable and herbs should be used in low-calorie weight-loss diet, during a heavy strength exercising (hard workouts), and as supplementation of shortages of fresh fruits and vegetables. They are strengthening and vitaminizing.
Chlorella (green algae) - a single-celled algae living in freshwater and in a humid environment, it contains many nutrients: sugar alcohols, phytosterols, carrageenan, carotenoids, minerals (magnesium, potassium and sodium), laminarin, terpenoids and vitamins (group B, C , E). It is an effective antioxidant. The active ingredients are antibacterial, immune, inflammatory and strengthening. Mineral salts (alginates) stimulate collagen synthesis and phytosterols participate in the production of elastin. It is used in cosmetic formulations and in the category of "health and beauty", it is a component of dietary supplements that affect the various body functions.
Spirulina is a dietary supplement containing two species of algae (cyanobacteria): Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima occurring in the area of lakes in tropical climates, containing BCAA [3 essential amino acids having a branched chain aliphatic side (isoleucine, leucine, and valine) and a similar course of metabolic processes in muscle tissue. In its natural form found in high-protein animal foods (i.e. beef, milk proteins). BCAA have the anti-catabolic potential and anabolic. Support energy carriers in the energy crisis and affect the functioning of the nervous system (eliminate stress, reduce fatigue), and hormone activity and kinases responsible for the metabolism of proteins. In the sports supplementation it is used as support elements functional capacity (strength and endurance) and post-workout recovery; also anti-catabolic and anabolic catalyst of change. Taking BCAA after exercise almost immediately restores the levels of these amino acids in the blood (excluding liver) and supplies the muscle tissue. Leucine results in the activation of mTOR (starting anabolism of muscle proteins) and has a reinforcing effect of insulin which acts on the PI3-kinase and protein kinase B). Branched chain amino acids BCAA, readily used by strength athletes, strength-endurance and endurance], organic acids (GLA, ALA, Linoleic acid, and others) and vitamins B and C, D, E. Spirulina improves the functioning of the nervous system (improves the ability of concentration and memory), reduces total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, belongs to the group of antioxidants. In the supplementation often used by the elderly, available as a nutritional and functional supplements and due to the thermogenic effect by people on weight-loss diet, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Barley grass - powdered green shoots of barley (Hordeum sativum), received as a result of freeze-drying process. It contains many nutrients such as amino acids, minerals, vitamins and other antioxidant and alkaline compounds, allowing to maintain the acid alkaline balance of the organism. It supports the functioning of the whole body, with particular emphasis on the immune system. Used in cosmetics industry, but mostly in the nutritional and functional, mineralizing and vitamin enriched supplements.
Green algae is a group of algae containing chlorophyll pigment. They are a rich source of nutrients. Contain essential amino acids (phenylalanine, leucine, tryptophan), vitamins (A, group B vitamins, ascorbic acid), fibre and trace elements (zinc, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sulphur, calcium and iron). They are antioxidants, and have a positive impact on the overall condition of the organism.
Green algae is part of nutrients, vitamins, vitamin-mineral and slimming supplements, intended for active people both physically and mentally.
Dosage: Dependng on individual needs, but not exceeding a few grams a day.
Fruits - in the botanical sense of the word - are a plant organ,developed of ovarium, post or bottom of the flower producing seeds and constitutes their natural cover. Most of them are products of trees and shrubs (except fruit of herbaceous plants such as blueberry, strawberry, strawberry pineapple). For culinary purposes it is the edible part of the plant. The most popular fruits are apples, plums, oranges, bananas, strawberries, blueberries, and a number of other fruits. Most of them are suitable for consumption in the raw state, characterized by a sweet taste, and even sweet, up to sour. Some can be eaten throughout the year (e.g. in the form of frozen foods), or make of them processed juices, compotes, jam and jams. Fruits are a source of vitamins, in particular ascorbic acid and beta-carotene. In their composition are flavonoids, fibre and minerals. In the the majority they are low-calorie. They contain easily digestible sugars.
Extracts from powdered fruits, vitamin complexes, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Grape seed extract is a valuable source of active ingredients: flavonoids, fatty acids, proanthocyanidins and vitamin E, an antioxidant, binding free radicals, anti-inflammatory and anti-aggregating. It is a component of a pro-health supplements enhancing preventive treatment of the circulatory system diseases. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements or as a component of nutritional supplements (creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters), vitamin, herbal detoxificating.
Dosage: 50-100 mg per day.
Acai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) is a small, dark purple stone fruit, reminiscent of blueberry. It grows on palm trees growing in the Amazon rainforests. Due to the unique nutritional value and the richness of biologically active ingredients, it is included in the group of products referred to as "superfood". In supplementation, the extract from powdered acai fruits is usually used. Most often they are previously subjected to a freeze-drying process, thanks to which they retain all nutritional values and pro-health properties.
Acai berries provide a lot of bioactive ingredients. They contain a lot of protein with an excellent amino acid profile, plenty of dietary fiber, vitamins (A, C, E, B vitamins) and minerals (calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, copper, chromium, manganese, selenium, potassium, molybdenum). They also contain lipids, plant sterols (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol) and a powerful dose of antioxidants (flavonoids, anthocyanins, phenolic acids).
Preparations containing acai fruits are recommended as part of general health prophylaxis. They are recommended especially for people who do not care about proper nutrition, are exposed to chronic stress, or often get sick. They will also prove to be a valuable element of the prophylaxis of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.
Cranberry (Oxycoccus) - has fruits which are the source of many vitamins (including C, E, B1, B2) and active substances (e.g. flavonides, citric and quinic acid, proanthocyanidins). The use of preparations containing cranberry prevents urinary tract infections, causing acidification of urine and hinders bacterial growth on the walls of the bladder (i.e. Adhesion). Positive effect on the circulatory system - improves circulation and regulates the level of cholesterol (especially LDL - bad), reduces the risk of heart attack. It is a powerful antioxidant that supports the removal of toxins. Use of the preparations with cranberries improves metabolism. Because of its qualities also used (in the form of jam or fruit) as an additive to meat (especially poultry). Preparations, preserves containing cranberries provide comfort of urinary and circulatory tract
The pomegranate is a fruit of Punica Granatum, a shrub or low tree of the Mediterranean region, which is the source of numerous active substances (such as anthocyanins, beta-sitosterols, ascorbic acid [vitamin C], ursolic acid, triterpenes etc.). It is a potent antioxidant that also supports the immune system, and detoxifying of the body through the bloodstream (applied in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases), it is used to treat arthritic conditions. Also used in the cosmetic industry because of its beneficial impact on the appearance of the skin. In the sports supplementation it is a component of antioxidant, detoxification, nutritional and vitamin and mineral supplementa and as refreshing beverages.
The red wine extract - is a natural phenolic compound produced as an antagonist of pathogens. It is anti-oxidizing, preventing from free radicals of oxygen, supports the operation of the systems: the hormone (binds to receptors of estrogenic and reduces the activity of the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase, it is an aromatase inhibitor), blood (oxygen organism), and immune systems. The sports supplementation uses it in sculpting disciplines due to reduce of fat tissue. It is a component of supplements to support the functioning of the endocrine system (increases testosterone levels, lowering estrogen levels), antioxidant complexes and supplements to detoxify the body.
See. and - Resveratrol
Flavonoids are derivatives of chromone, their rich source of vitamin P (includes routine and quercetin and other flavonoids). They have the ability to restore flexibility of blood vessels, facilitating the work of the heart muscle (antiatherogenic action). They are an antitoxin for myocardial toxication with lactic acid. Used in inflammatory conditions of the urinary system, also they have a diuretic effect. Delay diabetes, help to keep the body's balance of sugar. The raw material of flavonoids are, for example, elderberry (leaves and fruit), bearberry leaves and birch, horsetail herb, knotweed. They are a shield against ultraviolet, and the protection of the body when exposed to radioactive elements during cancer radiation therapy. The most popular of them - routine, can be used without any side effects, even for a period of one year. Flavonoids are poorly soluble in water, and hence usually their alcoholic extraction are used
Strawberry (Fragaria grandiflora) is a plant of temperate climate cultivated in Poland in gardens and plantations, for its tasty fruit strawberries (Fructus fragariae), rich in nutrients: sugars, organic acids, enzymes (bromelain), tannins, alkaloids, trace elements ( phosphorus, cobalt, manganese, calcium, iron), phenolic compounds (kampferol, quercetin and pelargonidin) and, above all, large amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Strawberry fruit is a powerful antioxidant having anti-cancer potential. It is a general tonic, mineralizing, vitaminizing and nutrient. Used in the frozen or processed form (juices, jams, preserves), it can be consumed throughout the year. For the sports purposes, in supplements the powdered strawberry form is used. Nutritional preparations containing strawberry powder at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption, consumption according to individual needs
Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) - bush growing wild or in gardens on the sandy areas in the northern hemisphere. Food ingredients are: raspberry fruit (Fructus Rubi idaei) and leaves (Folium Rubi idaei). Fruits contain organic acids (mainly ascorbic acid or vitamin C), sugars and pectin, vitamins A, B1, B2 and trace elements (phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and iron). Infusions of fresh or dried fruit is used in colds and fever and digestive disorders of children and adolescents. The leaves are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial and relaxant on smooth muscles of the intestines, blood vessels and uterus. More effective action have raspberries growing wild on the edge of the forests. Juices and syrups, jams and liqueurs can be produced of the raspberries.
Trans-resveratrol is a geometric isomer of resveratrol, characterized by higher bioavailability and biological activity than resveratrol alone. Trans-resveratrol in the form: trans-resveratrol-3-0-glucuronide and trans-resveratrol-3-sulfate is counted plant polyphenols (present in the grape skin and red wine), it is a potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal . antagonist of pathogens. It prevents the formation of oxygen free radicals by inhibiting the enzyme aromatase, and increased testosterone level lowers estrogen levels. Used in sports supplementation of sculpting disciplines as a powerful antioxidant and detoxification supplement of the body.
Bromelain - an enzyme from the group of proteases. The source is the pineapple (pineapple Fructus Sativa) and pineapple leaves, containing bromelain in a form of a mixture of enzymes similar to pepsin and papain responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds of protein. Bromelain in the first place, in the sports supplementation, increases the digestibility of proteins, especially in the case of high-protein diets and has anti-inflammatory and anti-edema. This prevents overloading on the digestive system and diarrhoea.
It is a component of supplements for athletes and supplements supporting musculoskeletal system.
Ginger root (Zingiber Officinale Radix) as a herbal raw material is widely used as a source of, among others, gingerols. Compounds containing organic components of ginger root are characterized by high biological activity. Ginger root is used in medicine, due to the prevention of infection, to ensure a balance of gastrointestinal bacteria, involved in the production of bile. It has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the circulatory system as an antioxidant, lowers blood pressure, causing a delay in the processes of formation of LDL cholesterol (inhibitor). As a thermogenic it reduces appetite processes and sometimes it is a component of weight loss complexes. Through participation in the transformation of thermogenic lipolysis, is one of the valuable fat burners. The active substances contained in it are a component of arthritis regenerators (in combination with glucosamine including or curcumin). In the sports supplementation it is valued for its anti-inflammatory properties to support the process of healing and recovery after an injury of motor organs (especially the joints). It co-creates so called joints regenerators with chondroitin, glucosamine and curcumin.
Gingerols - contained in the ginger rhizome active ingredients are derivatives of phenylpropane. Anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, warming and regulating the digestive system and digestive tract. They are an antioxidant that reduces oxidation of LDL cholesterol and the building-up of atherosclerotic plaques, lower blood pressure. They also are used in the supplements for the reduction of body fat. When combined with glucosamine, chondroitin and curcumin allow for the regeneration of joints. In the In the sports supplementation they are used for their anti-inflammatory potential, facilitating treatment and rehabilitation after injuries of motoric organs.
Dosage: 10-20 mg per day.
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officialis) is a plant grown in Europe. Its active biological material is a rosemary leaf (Folium rosmarini). Used for a long time in traditional medicine, it is also appreciated kitchen spice. The raw material contains i.e..: amarin, phytosterols and flavonoids, tannins, organic acids (including polyphenol acid [lot and rosemary] chlorogenic oleanolic valeric acid), essential oil, picrosalvin, tripertens.
Rosemary leaves are diuretic, carminative, cholorgenic. By diastolic operation (blood vessels and smooth muscle) increase the secretion of digestive juices and assimilation of nutrients. Infusion of the leaves of rosemary improves the physical fitness of the elderly and convalescents. It has bactericidal action, with streptococci and staphylococci infection. It is not used in sports supplementation. It is part of nutrients that improve digestion and supporting the work of the urinary tract. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption
Kale - (Brassica oleracea) valued vegetable in Italian and Polish cuisine, a rich source of active substances: carotenoids, lutein, vitamins C and K, zeaxanthin and minerals (including trace elements, e.g. Manganese). In its composition there are very powerful antioxidants, including indole-3-carbinol (reduces estrogen levels, helping to improve the aesthetics of the body for strength athletes and martial arts). Kale affects the blood lipid profile and the condition of the bones and joints. The powder is an ingredient of nutritional supplements for people who are physically active, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: according to individual needs
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is a widely cultivated vegetable, derived from Asia. Raw material for the food is a green (Herba Spinanae) containing at vitamins (A, B complex, C, E, H, K, provitamin A, PP), folic acid, carotene and minerals (phosphorus, potassium, sodium, calcium, large amounts of iron) protein, fibre, sugars, flavonoids (rutin), steroidal saponin, betaine, organic acids. It is a potent antioxidant. A beneficial effect on lipid metabolism, lowering homocysteine levels and reducing the risk of atherosclerosis. Complements significantly the level of iron in the body to protect against anaemia. Lutein contained in spinach helps to keep eyes in good condition. Spinach has the effect of reinforcing vitaminizing and mineralizing. Included in the of nutritional, antioxidant, strengthening supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Artichoke (Cynara scolymus) - a plant of the Asteraceae family, rarely cultivated in Poland. The raw food material is its inflorescence (Inflorescentia Cynarae) and herbs (Cynarae scolymi). Inflorescence and herb provide a lot of substances, such as proteins, cynarin, flavonoids insulin, carotene, polyphenolic acids, triterpenes, carbohydrates and vitamins (B1, B2 and C). It is anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and diuretic and choagogne, lowers LDL cholesterol (by reducing the activity of the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, it protects the liver, is antitoxin for carbon disulfide (Cynareina.). It is used in the diuretic preparations, in rich in proteins and carbohydrates and vitaminizing supplements. Improves insulin metabolism of the pancreas., used as a component in pro-health supplements supporting digestion, lowering cholesterol levels, herbal blends (in combination with extracts of. milk thistle, B group vitamins, and others).
Dosage: 600-1000 mg per day.
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) species of parsley with a wide culinary and medicinal use (basically, each of its parts underground and aboveground), which is reach of bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, phytosterols, essential oil, oil, fat, vitamins and minerals, and apigenin, prevents the development of cancer (angiogenesis inhibition). In the sports supplementation, its diuretic potential is used, allowing for almost immediate release of water from the body, for keeping the weight limit and affect the aesthetics of the figure, by increasing glomerular filtration rate while slowing resorption and increasing the capacity of the urinary tract. Formulations containing parsley used in the aqueous extracts, are available on the www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No standards unit consumption
Cysteine belongs to the group of essential amino acids, synthesized by the body, involved in detoxification of the body. The combination of L-cysteine with glutamine and glycine is involved in the synthesis of glutathione (a powerful antioxidant) and the proteins, enzymes and co-enzymes. Present in the protein product, in smaller amounts in corn and peanuts. The source of the acquisition are also concentrates and whey protein isolates, and preparations containing mixtures of amino acids. Not in the form mono-preparations. It is a component of detoxification, supporting the work of the liver supplements and in supplements improving the cosmetics of the body, usually in the form of L-cystine (two connected cysteine particles) or in the form of NAC.
Dosage: the usual supplementation: 50-500 mg per day.
Astragalus belongs to the legume family (Fabaceae), originating in China. It is a source of nutrients: astragalosides (triterpenes), flavonoids and glycosides. It stimulates cell metabolism, affects the absorption of nutrients. Increases immunity. It has a positive effect on reducing stress and depression. It increases energy and vitality.
In the sports supplementation, it used as an herbal extract that affects immunity and acts to reduce stress. A part of herbal formulas, so-called adaptogens and preparations, which increase the level of testosterone and creatine stacks. Recommended during fatigue and tendency of frequent upper respiratory tract infections (colds, tonsillitis).
Dosage: the lack of standards defining the daily requirement
Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum), also known as Ling Zhi and “mushroom of immortality”, is a fungus used for more than 4000 years in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine. Previous studies indicate a significant impact of this mushroom, especially on boosting immunity, reducing stress and preventing carcinogenesis processes.
The action of reishi is targeted on the modulation of the immune system. It has been shown that it has the ability to curb the activity of this system in the case of its excessive stimulation and increase it in the event of immunodeficiency. What is more, reishi has a positive impact on carbohydrate balance (may reduce blood glucose levels), optimises the lipid profile and promotes healthy neurological function (exerts a sedative effect and reduces mental strain).
Therapeutic effects of the fungus are produced by more than one main component. It is believed that a range of substances is responsible for its action, mainly polysaccharides, peptidoglycans and triterpenoids.
Reishi supplementation is recommended mainly as a general preventive measure to boost immunity, optimise carbohydrate metabolism, reduce chronic fatigue and increase vitality.
Our store offers a wide selection of preparations with high-quality reishi extracts, standardised to contain the most important active substances – polysaccharides and triterpenes.
Quercetin - flavonoid glycoside, which is a natural pigment occurring in plant foods (fruits, vegetables and herbs). A particularly rich source of quercetin are apples, onions and tea. By inhibiting the hyaluronidase enzyme, it protects hyaluronic acid against returning into its monomer. It has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, strengthens the walls of blood vessels. It is an antioxidant. Causes a decrease in histamine showing an antiallergic action. It has anti-inflammatory potential. It is used to treat asthma, diabetes and for weight loss. The supplementation occurs only in combination with hesperidin, rutin and ascorbic acid, in health-related programs, supporting the immunity of the body in the form of creatine stacks and no-boosters. Available at the www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption recommended: as customary taken in sport
Choline belongs to the soluble in liquids group of B vitamins. It is an organic nitrogen base containing lecithin, and acetylcholine. Together with inositol is involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol metabolism, preventing its accumulation on the walls of arteries and deposits in the gallbladder. With the penetration of the brain, contained lecithin improves its action and improves memory. Used in the treatment of age-related diseases (Alzheimer's). It occurs in plant foods: yeast, wheat germ, lecithin, green leafy vegetables and egg yolks.
Inositol is an organic compound from the group of B vitamins soluble in fluids, present in the natural or synthetic form, synthesized in plants, such as brewer's yeast, beans, grapefruit, cabbage, sprout of wheat, melons and animal (liver). Along with choline is included in the lecithin. It affects the cell nutrition of the central nervous system (brain) by reducing the level of LDL (bad cholesterol), this makes it applicable in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and atherosclerosis. It has a calming effect. There has been a beneficial effect of inositol on the skin and hair reported.
Glycocyamine - is a glycine derivative belonging to the guanidino compounds and the precursor of creatine synthesized intra-corporeally and affects the level of creatine during its supplementation (and after its completion). Glycocyamine is involved in the transformation, which takes place with the participation of S-adenosylmethionine, and may influence the development of unbeneficial homocysteine (increasing the risk of developing atherosclerosis). To neutralize the effects of homocysteine, supplementation is enriched with betaine. In the sports supplementation is available in many preparations of creatine.
Dosage: No strict standards of consumption, usually recommended in the sport, always with a combination of betaine
Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.
Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) is a physiological antioxidant, a fat soluble. It takes an active part in the process of creating the energy of ATP. intracorporeal synthesis requires the presence of B vitamins and trace elements, its intensification is caused by heavy training stress or under the influence of stress. Beneficial effects of Coenzyme Q10 has been found on the cardiovascular system, lipid profile (lowering LDL) cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. Reducing the level of coenzyme Q10 starts when the age of 35, hence must be supplemented by preparations available in cosmetics (external action on the skin), and supplements intensifying the production of energy (for athletes strength) as well as mono-preparation supplement available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 10 - 90 mg / 24h
Bioperine - a black pepper extract, which is a source of plant alkaloid – piperine, enhancing secretion of digestive juices, affecting the increase of the availability of food (and other chemicals) and regulating the digestive tract. Through the access to food and chemicals, it indirectly influences the development of muscle tissue and increases the exercise capacity (psychophysical). There has been a positive effect on the immune system and the intensification of the lipolysis processes observed. Available in the form of mono-preparations and as a component of supplements and nutrients.
Dosage: 5-10 mg per day.
Lycopene, an organic compound, carotenoid form xanthophylls group, a natural dye of plant origin, colouring to bright red, occurring i.e. in tomatoes and carrots. It has the strongest antioxidant potential (relatively to the singlet oxygen) from the carotenes. It is not participating, in contrast to other carotenes, in the transformation of vitamin A. It reduces the risk of lung cancer, atherosclerosis and other diseases of the circulatory system, it is a component of nutrient, vitaminizing, vitamin-mineralizing and functional supplements, (often in combination with beta-carotene, lutein) supporting reduction of body fat, improving skin complexion, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: 1 - 3 g / 24h
Boron - an element of boron group, symbol B, atomic number (Z) - 5, belongs to a group of micronutrients. The organism, it is responsible for the synthesis of nucleic acids and prevents the release of excess calcium from the bones. Is an activator of enzymes in metabolism. It occurs naturally in citrus fruits (grapefruit, bitter orange), legumes, grapes, malt beer. The supplementation is rarely used, mostly in vitamin and a vitamin-mineralizing supplements.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption. Excess of boron is toxic for the organism.
Lutein, a derivative of alpha-carotene is a natural plant dye, colouring in yellow, is also present in the yolk of egg. In the body, located primarily in the retina of the human eye (together with Zeaxanthin), it acts as a natural filter for the eye, absorbing ultraviolet radiation. It is a powerful antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements and multi-compound supplements with antioxidant, protecting the eyes, action, as well as multivitamins, creatine stacks and no-boosters.
Astaxanthin - currently it is considered the strongest antioxidant (according to the research, it is much stronger than vitamin C or beta-carotene), which has a detoxicating effect on the organism. This substance is therefore incredibly important in the process of elimination of free radicals and detoxification.
As a compound from the group of carotenoids, it conditions the process of proper vision, however, it is not used as a building block of retinol (derivative of vitamin A) and it may fulfill its functions in the whole organism, where it is also transported. It was proven that astaxanthin helps to inhibit the creation of pathological lesions in the eye retina, therefore introducing it do a diet may even cause vision improvement.
Astaxanthin also decreases blood pressure, thanks to which the risk of developing circulatory system disorders is lower. Additionally, it demonstrates protective effect on neurons, which may be important in the future in the Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease.
This carotenoid is also friendly to diabetics, as thanks to antioxidant properties it inhibits oxidation of LDL cholesterol and makes pancreatic cells more sensitive to insulin.
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