Monolaurin is a form of fatty acid known as lauric acid. It occurs naturally in e.g. coconut milk and has been also detected in human milk. Monolaurin can be synthesised in the laboratory by esterification of glycerol with lauric acid.
Monolaurin shows strong antimicrobial properties and that is why it is most frequently used to aid the treatment of infectious diseases. It has been demonstrated to be capable of degrading, i.e. damaging, the lipid envelope of viruses. What is more, it can interfere with the maturation of viruses, thereby inhibiting their replication. Monolaurin is also effective against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. It even destroys strains which have become resistant to traditional antibiotics. Monolaurin also inactivates some pathogenic fungi, yeast and protozoans.
Dosage: No official guidelines.
The typical daily dosage varies from 0.75 to 3 g.