The sugars are the major digestible fuel in the body. We divide them into mono saccharides - glucose (dextrose), fructose (fruit sugar); di- (di-saccharides) - lactose, maltose, sucrose; complex sugars - starch. Most of them changes into glucose during the burning process. Sugars are sweet and increase the glycemic index (except fructose). The healthiest source of acquisition of simple sugars is a diet containing the so-called. products of the first milling and fresh fruit and vegetables in the raw form.
Consumed during a strength workout, they delay fatigue, affecting the proper hydration of the body and keeping parts of glycogen. After finished workout,they accelerate the regeneration of the body and complement energy expenditure. The excess sugars result in the accumulation of excess fat and increase of fatty tissue. A responsible use of sugars is recommended for diabetics, both for hyperglycaemia (glucose level above the normal), and hypoglycaemia (blood sugar levels below normal). Excess consumption of simple sugars can cause tooth decay.
Simple sugars are included in many dietary supplements, most commonly used in the carbohydrate and protein and carbohydrate supplements.
Dosage: for competitive sport athletes it is recommended to consume simple sugars only during workout and immediately after workout.