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This product is convenient and easy to use. It enriches the diet with fruits and vegetables. It can be mixed with drinks and smoothies constituting an ideal solution for people living on the run or those whose diet is low in fruits and vegetables.
The polyphenol compounds present in this supplement reveal synergism with vitamin C
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Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Total fats - total fat introduced into the body in food and dietary supplements containing both saturated fatty acids and unsaturated, including the essential fatty acids. Generally fats, thanks to energy production, allows for greater energy expenditure during exercise, causing post-workout regeneration. It is partially stored in the body. It is assumed that the energy of fat is 9 kcal per 1g. In addition to the production of fatty acids, they are the building blocks of cell membranes and the white matter of the brain. EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. It is especially important to maintain a proper balance between acids of Omega 3 and Omega 6.
Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.
Dietary fibre is a mixture of undigested substances and not absorbed by the human body. Due to the properties divided into: insoluble fibre (e.g. cellulose [polysaccharide] found in fruits and vegetables), partially soluble fibre (including hemicellulose occurring with cereal grains and soluble fibre (including pectin, gums, mucilages [polysaccharides]). Dietary fibre affects the digestive system and gastrointestinal system regulating its operation. By filling the stomach (satiety) reduces appetite, lowers triglycerides and cholesterol and consequently can support the weight loss process and maintain a slim body. It also affects blood glucose levels and cleansing the body of toxins. Available in powder formulations (capsules, and powders), mainly containing the soluble fraction (pectin, gums and mucilages) diet and meal replacements.
Dosage: 10-20 grams per day, before or during meals with some water.
The sugars are the major digestible fuel in the body. We divide them into mono saccharides - glucose (dextrose), fructose (fruit sugar); di- (di-saccharides) - lactose, maltose, sucrose; complex sugars - starch. Most of them changes into glucose during the burning process. Sugars are sweet and increase the glycemic index (except fructose). The healthiest source of acquisition of simple sugars is a diet containing the so-called. products of the first milling and fresh fruit and vegetables in the raw form.
Consumed during a strength workout, they delay fatigue, affecting the proper hydration of the body and keeping parts of glycogen. After finished workout,they accelerate the regeneration of the body and complement energy expenditure. The excess sugars result in the accumulation of excess fat and increase of fatty tissue. A responsible use of sugars is recommended for diabetics, both for hyperglycaemia (glucose level above the normal), and hypoglycaemia (blood sugar levels below normal). Excess consumption of simple sugars can cause tooth decay.
Simple sugars are included in many dietary supplements, most commonly used in the carbohydrate and protein and carbohydrate supplements.
Dosage: for competitive sport athletes it is recommended to consume simple sugars only during workout and immediately after workout.
Proteins (proteins, polypeptides) is a polymer, of which the basic units (monomers) are amino acids. Protein is composed of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and sulfur, and is an elementary nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the body, an ingredient and a component of tissues, part of the hormones and enzymes and other bioactive substances. Protein determines the proper metabolism and energy processes, as well as all other life processes. The sources of natural proteins are foods of animal origin (including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and plant origin (legumes, soy). Deficiency of protein leads to protein malnutrition and a significant weakening of the body. It can lead to anaemia, reduced immunity, muscle relaxation, disorders of the digestive system. Also, overdose protein is undesirable because it can lead to acidification of the body, and interfere with the digestive system and an increase in the concentration of homocysteine in the blood. It is a component of many supplements and nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body, both showing a low physical activity, or training the strength and endurance competitions.
Dosage: strength athletes: approx. 1.7 - 2.5 g / 1 kg of body weight; endurance athletes and strength -endurance athletes approx. 1.3 - 2 g / 1 kg of body weight, people with low activity approx. 0.8 - 1.1 g / 1 kg of body weight / 24h. In estimating the amount of protein, you should take into account the intake of other nutrients (carbohydrates and fats)
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
The iron part of the dye in the form of the heme (hemoglobin and myoglobin in meat), a non-haem (in plant), and enzymes responsible for transport and storage of oxygen in the body. It occurs in enzymes responsible for: the metabolism of fatty acids, prostaglandin biosynthesis, catabolism of tryptophan. The absorption of iron in plant is lower than in animal products. In plant foods, it is reduced by contained chemicals: phytates and oxalates, also calcium and high acidity (pH factor). Only 8% of the intake of iron is absorbed by the body and transported to the blood. For tts absorption is needed sufficient amount of: cobalt, manganese, copper and vitamin C. Iron itself is essential for the metabolism of B vitamins. Source of acquisition of iron are animal products (meat, organ meats, egg yolks) and plant products (whole grain bread, beans , cocoa, parsley, nuts, soy). Iron is also present in synthetic form as a component of vitamin-mineral and mineral and mono-preparation supplements, often enriched with vitamin C. Supplements containing iron compounds are recommended for athletes during intense training and those on a meatless diet (vegetarians and vegans).
Iron deficiency causes anaemia. Using a large amount of strong coffee or tea hinders the absorption of iron. Symptoms of iron deficiency are: insomnia, diarrhea, impaired body temperature, loss of papillae on the tongue, reduced exercise capacity, and reduced intellectual and psychological efficiency.
Excess iron reduces the absorption of other elements (e.g. zinc, copper), reduced immunity, causing tissue damage of some organs (kidney, liver, heart), increased risk of cancer.
Dosage: 3-12 mg per day.
Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.
Kelp - seaweed belonging to the brown algae in the order Laminariales, which is a valuable source of iodine, necessary for thyroid function and reduce body fat, affecting the metabolic rate as well as participating in the detoxification of the body. It is a source of alginates, minerals and vitamins. Positive effect on the appearance of the skin, nails and teeth and hair. Available in dietary supplements and sports in the category of "health and beauty" in the form mono-preparations and multiple mineralizing a vitamin supplements, fat burners and other means of thermogenic effect, slimming, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: in terms of pure iodine 150 - 250mcg / 24h. Higher doses by prior arrangement with your doctor or nutritionist.
Lecithin is part of the phospholipids (lipid complex), beneficial for the function of the cardiovascular system and blood lipid profile and fat metabolism. It is a source of choline which is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter) that affects the nervous system, including inositol (stabilizer of the copper and zinc balance in the body). It improves concentration, cognition and memory. Forms a colloidal suspension of a liquid in the fat (emulsification) allowing for their use in the food industry. It is a component of dietary supplements supporting the work of the central nervous system, blood circulation, accelerating weight loss and in protein, carbohydrate-protein supplement as an emulsifier, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: as per the prescription, customarily 1 - 10 g / 24h
Spirulina is a dietary supplement containing two species of algae (cyanobacteria): Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima occurring in the area of lakes in tropical climates, containing BCAA [3 essential amino acids having a branched chain aliphatic side (isoleucine, leucine, and valine) and a similar course of metabolic processes in muscle tissue. In its natural form found in high-protein animal foods (i.e. beef, milk proteins). BCAA have the anti-catabolic potential and anabolic. Support energy carriers in the energy crisis and affect the functioning of the nervous system (eliminate stress, reduce fatigue), and hormone activity and kinases responsible for the metabolism of proteins. In the sports supplementation it is used as support elements functional capacity (strength and endurance) and post-workout recovery; also anti-catabolic and anabolic catalyst of change. Taking BCAA after exercise almost immediately restores the levels of these amino acids in the blood (excluding liver) and supplies the muscle tissue. Leucine results in the activation of mTOR (starting anabolism of muscle proteins) and has a reinforcing effect of insulin which acts on the PI3-kinase and protein kinase B). Branched chain amino acids BCAA, readily used by strength athletes, strength-endurance and endurance], organic acids (GLA, ALA, Linoleic acid, and others) and vitamins B and C, D, E. Spirulina improves the functioning of the nervous system (improves the ability of concentration and memory), reduces total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, belongs to the group of antioxidants. In the supplementation often used by the elderly, available as a nutritional and functional supplements and due to the thermogenic effect by people on weight-loss diet, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Sprouts of alfalfa (Medicago sativa) comprise a plurality of bioactive components, such as protein, fibre, phytoestrogens (including stigmasterol), lecithin, trace elements (silicon [in the soluble silica], magnesium, sulphur, calcium and iron), oestrogenic saponin and vitamins (C, B1, B2, B5, B6, folate and E). Used in nutrient preparations enhancing immunity, improving body condition and stimulating appetite. They have a slight diuretic effect, facilitate the removal of excess fluid from the body. It prevents the development of atherosclerosis. The sprouts of alfalfa are a part of a nutritional and functional supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: lack of precise dosing standards
Wheat grass juice extract (extract juice from wheatgrass) contains vitamins, organic acids, bioflavonoids and minerals, is nourishing, used in the treatment and prevention of health, regulates the work of the circulatory system (blood composition), cleanses the body of toxins by binding heavy metals through chelation and excreting ing them out of the body. It is a component of preparations valued in sports, nutrition and detoxification supplementation.
Dosage: no standard daily dosage
Barley grass - powdered green shoots of barley (Hordeum sativum), received as a result of freeze-drying process. It contains many nutrients such as amino acids, minerals, vitamins and other antioxidant and alkaline compounds, allowing to maintain the acid alkaline balance of the organism. It supports the functioning of the whole body, with particular emphasis on the immune system. Used in cosmetics industry, but mostly in the nutritional and functional, mineralizing and vitamin enriched supplements.
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) are Brassicaceae, rich in nutrients (fibre) and vitamins (B group, C, E, K, beta-carotene), phytosterols, glucosides sulphide derivative of flavone quercetin and steroid female sex hormone (lutein ), mineral salts (e.g., the compounds. of chromium and iron). They are a strong antioxidant, regulate sugar levels in the blood, stabilize the economy calcium. Reduce the risk of heart disease. Affect bone health and proper functioning of the digestive system and digestive tract. Eaten as fresh vegetables and in form of a nutrients, vitamin-enriching and antioxidant supplements.
Brown rice, the least processed form of rice, resulting from the husking of the grains, without polishing it in the further processing. It is a rich source of fiber, vitamins (B1, B6, E, K) and minerals (zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, potassium, selenium and calcium). It is a rich source of nutrients that ensure the proper functioning of the digestive tract and reduces the risk of diabetes.
Apple fibre extracted from the skins of apples, it is a source of pectin (soluble fibre fraction). It is not digested in the digestive tract due to the immunity to enzymes. Maintains normal levels of LDL cholesterol, also it has the ability of its reduction and reduces the absorption of bad cholesterol from the digestive tract. This way it reduces the risk of atherosclerosis. It is very useful for weight loss, because it significantly reduces the appetite and hunger, allowing for the reduction of body fat. It affects the intestinal peristalsis acting anti-toxic thanks to the ability binding chemical compounds with heavy metals or intestinal bacteria.
It is a part of dietary supplements supporting reduction of body fat and nutrient supplements.
Cauliflower (Brasicca cauliflora) widely cultivated plant of the cabbage family, which raw material is food inflorescence. Richly endowed with protein, vitamins C and A, B1 and B2, K, and minerals (zinc, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, potassium, sulphur, calcium and iron). It also contains carotenoids and a range of active health beneficial compounds. Studies indicate the increasing importance of the cauliflower in the prevention of cancer. It has a strengthening effect, vitaminizing and mineralizing. In powder form it is a component of the nutrients and supplements for health and beauty, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is a widely cultivated vegetable, derived from Asia. Raw material for the food is a green (Herba Spinanae) containing at vitamins (A, B complex, C, E, H, K, provitamin A, PP), folic acid, carotene and minerals (phosphorus, potassium, sodium, calcium, large amounts of iron) protein, fibre, sugars, flavonoids (rutin), steroidal saponin, betaine, organic acids. It is a potent antioxidant. A beneficial effect on lipid metabolism, lowering homocysteine levels and reducing the risk of atherosclerosis. Complements significantly the level of iron in the body to protect against anaemia. Lutein contained in spinach helps to keep eyes in good condition. Spinach has the effect of reinforcing vitaminizing and mineralizing. Included in the of nutritional, antioxidant, strengthening supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) - also known as bilberry. The raw production material are the fruits of berries (bilberry - Fructus Myrtylli) and leaves (Folium Myrtylli). Its fruits are a rich source of vitamins: ascorbic acid (vit. C), B vitamins, provitamin D, PP; micronutrients (zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, calcium and iron). They contain from 7 - 15% catechine tannin, myrtillin, organic acids (citric and malic). The leaves contain: anthocyanins, sugars, flavonoids and multi-phenolic acids, essential oil, minerals and trace elements. The most important ingredient of leaves is glucokinin, lowering blood sugar and inositol, supporting the reduction of adipose tissue and influencing the removal of disorders in the digestive system (antidiarrheal). Berries are a powerful antioxidant that supports the immune system. Leaves are used in the extracts improving the functioning of the circulatory system. It is a supplement for strengthening, detoxification and vitaminizing.
Cranberry (Oxycoccus) - has fruits which are the source of many vitamins (including C, E, B1, B2) and active substances (e.g. flavonides, citric and quinic acid, proanthocyanidins). The use of preparations containing cranberry prevents urinary tract infections, causing acidification of urine and hinders bacterial growth on the walls of the bladder (i.e. Adhesion). Positive effect on the circulatory system - improves circulation and regulates the level of cholesterol (especially LDL - bad), reduces the risk of heart attack. It is a powerful antioxidant that supports the removal of toxins. Use of the preparations with cranberries improves metabolism. Because of its qualities also used (in the form of jam or fruit) as an additive to meat (especially poultry). Preparations, preserves containing cranberries provide comfort of urinary and circulatory tract
Sour cherry (Cerasus vulgaris Mill.), A tree of the rose family, a rich source of active ingredients: cyanides, flavonoids, minerals and vitamins (A, B group, C). Melatonin contained in the fruits affects the night regeneration and regulates lipid profile. Cherry fruit has the antioxidant potential, enhances the immune system and improves the condition. Eaten as fresh fruit and their products, are also ingredient of functional, nutritional, and vitaminizing strengthening and supporting falling asleep supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) - bush growing wild or in gardens on the sandy areas in the northern hemisphere. Food ingredients are: raspberry fruit (Fructus Rubi idaei) and leaves (Folium Rubi idaei). Fruits contain organic acids (mainly ascorbic acid or vitamin C), sugars and pectin, vitamins A, B1, B2 and trace elements (phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and iron). Infusions of fresh or dried fruit is used in colds and fever and digestive disorders of children and adolescents. The leaves are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial and relaxant on smooth muscles of the intestines, blood vessels and uterus. More effective action have raspberries growing wild on the edge of the forests. Juices and syrups, jams and liqueurs can be produced of the raspberries.
Strawberry (Fragaria grandiflora) is a plant of temperate climate cultivated in Poland in gardens and plantations, for its tasty fruit strawberries (Fructus fragariae), rich in nutrients: sugars, organic acids, enzymes (bromelain), tannins, alkaloids, trace elements ( phosphorus, cobalt, manganese, calcium, iron), phenolic compounds (kampferol, quercetin and pelargonidin) and, above all, large amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Strawberry fruit is a powerful antioxidant having anti-cancer potential. It is a general tonic, mineralizing, vitaminizing and nutrient. Used in the frozen or processed form (juices, jams, preserves), it can be consumed throughout the year. For the sports purposes, in supplements the powdered strawberry form is used. Nutritional preparations containing strawberry powder at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption, consumption according to individual needs
Oat bran, produced from a hard outer layer the grain during the technological processing of oats. Contains soluble polysaccharide fractions of fibre (beta-glucan), which provides nutrients for the bacteria proliferating in the human intestine. Beta-glucan has a stimulating effect on immunity, lowers cholesterol, reduces the risk of the vascular system and the heart diseases. Slows down the absorption of nutrients, especially fat and induces a feeling of satiety.
Oat bran is recommended as a dietary supplementation in fibre, trace elements and vitamins, especially B group. Used prophylactically to prevent the development of atherosclerosis, and hyperlipidemia.
Chlorella (green algae) - a single-celled algae living in freshwater and in a humid environment, it contains many nutrients: sugar alcohols, phytosterols, carrageenan, carotenoids, minerals (magnesium, potassium and sodium), laminarin, terpenoids and vitamins (group B, C , E). It is an effective antioxidant. The active ingredients are antibacterial, immune, inflammatory and strengthening. Mineral salts (alginates) stimulate collagen synthesis and phytosterols participate in the production of elastin. It is used in cosmetic formulations and in the category of "health and beauty", it is a component of dietary supplements that affect the various body functions.
Red beet (Beta vulgaris) is a popular vegetable. Raw material for the food and medicinal are its: root (Radix Beta vulgaris), young leaves, and the juice of sugar beet roots Succus Beta vulgaris), containing the active ingredients: carbohydrates (fructose, glucose, sucrose, pectin), vitamins (B group, C , E, K, PP, provitamin A), acids (oxalic and malic acids), proteins and mineral salts (compounds of zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, rubidium, calcium). Used therapeutically in diseases of the gut, liver, and arterial hypertension. It cleans by removing toxins from the body (by lowering homocysteine levels). Strengthens the body and nitrates, discovered in the root, can affect the process of the synthesis of nitric oxide, improving blood flow and tissue nutrition, and accelerating biological regeneration after the workout. Increases the production of red blood cells and cholagogic. In the sports supplementation, powdered beetroot is a part of nutritional supplements (vitaminizing and mineralizing) and pre-workout creatine stacks.
Ginseng (Panax ginseng) standardized extract 27-30% of ginsenosides. The raw material is the ginseng root, from which is prepared the extract of substances called ginsenosides, containing 27-30% of this component. Ginseng root has been used for years in Oriental medicine. It shows the great biological activity: It increases mental and physical performance, increases vitality, is an antioxidant, strengthens the immune system, slows the ageing process.
In the sports supplementation extracts of ginseng support the exercise capacity (primarily oxygen metabolism of the body) and ensure fast renewal of muscular and nervous systems. Also enhances sexual ability. By standardizing, there is a higher concentration of the components, improving effectiveness, which raises the price of the product, but also guarantees its composition. Preparations of ginseng available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) - an Asian plant in the family Araliaceae. The raw material is the root. Siberian ginseng has the antioxidant, immune-inflammatory, antibacterial, antidepressant and anti-tumour. potential The most important substance indicating biological activity are eleutherosides, supporting the work of the digestive system, lowering LDL cholesterol levels, reducing the risk of pancreatic cancer and supporting sexual function. Siberian ginseng is one of the adaptogens, substances that contribute to the development of immunity of the organism.
In the sports supplementation Siberian ginseng is used as a booster for the endocrine, circulatory, immune, nervous systems and as a primary source of adaptogens, enhancing strenuous training, affort at a sporting events or loads of stress. Included in herbal blends (including other varieties of ginseng), increasing testosterone levels, increasing exercise capacity (strength, endurance, aerobic metabolism), as well as it is in the composition of the plant aphrodisiacs complexes. Available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: in sports supplementation shall be 100 - 500 mg / 24h.
Peppermint (from lat. Mentha piperita) – a home of peppermint is the United Kingdom, now it is grown in many European countries, including Poland. For therapeutic purposes, peppermint leaf (Folium menthae piperatae) is used and essential oil of peppermint (Oleum Menthae piperata). It contains 30 organic compounds: tannins, flavonoids, organic acids, trace elements, carotene and vitamin C. It is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, calming and lowers blood pressure. Formulations with mint leaves are used both externally and orally, also in the form of inhalation of essential oils. Note: may cause allergy symptoms.
Green tea extract is a concentrate that contains biologically active compounds: polyphenols (e.g. catechin, in the form of EGCG - epigallocatechin gallate), having antioxidant properties and a small thermogenic potential, modifies the action of testosterone metabolites, DTH. Green tea extract is an ingredient of many sports supplements containing fat burners, having pro-health and vitaminizing effect; also for those with low physical activity as an antioxidant and slimming supplement. Available either as mono-preparations, ready drinks, and above all as an extract.
Dosage: 200-500 mg per day (depending of the content of other active bio-components).
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
FOS (fructooligosaccharides) refers to the plant (fibre) branched glucose polymers, insensitive to digestion, resulting in the stimulation of activity and development of the intestinal microflora, the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, studies have shown anti-tumor potential. They are used in medicine and for the prophylaxis of digestive tact diseases, effect on the reduction of body fat mass by a sense of fullness (in combination with probiotics form synbiotics) and improve glucose metabolism. They are a component of protein, carbohydrate and protein and carbohydrate and slimming supplements.
Dosage: varied from a few hundred mg to several grams per day.
Extract from milk thistle (Silybum marianum) a plant of the Asteraceae family, of which a source of active substances are fruit, providing silymarin (silibilina, silydianina, silichrystyna in the ratio of 2: 1: 1), an antioxidant, natural protection of liver cells, affecting positively the level of glutathione, anti-inflammatory properties (slow release of prostaglandins, and histamine). It affects the blood lipid profile by lowering levels of LDL cholesterol. It is used in medical prophylaxis and treatments (food poisoning, liver disease and in case of high calorie diet). Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements and multicomponent supplements supporting the work of the digestive system and the liver in the "health."category. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: Dose converted into silymarin, from 200 to 400 mg / 24h
Flavonoids are derivatives of chromone, their rich source of vitamin P (includes routine and quercetin and other flavonoids). They have the ability to restore flexibility of blood vessels, facilitating the work of the heart muscle (antiatherogenic action). They are an antitoxin for myocardial toxication with lactic acid. Used in inflammatory conditions of the urinary system, also they have a diuretic effect. Delay diabetes, help to keep the body's balance of sugar. The raw material of flavonoids are, for example, elderberry (leaves and fruit), bearberry leaves and birch, horsetail herb, knotweed. They are a shield against ultraviolet, and the protection of the body when exposed to radioactive elements during cancer radiation therapy. The most popular of them - routine, can be used without any side effects, even for a period of one year. Flavonoids are poorly soluble in water, and hence usually their alcoholic extraction are used
Maca is a plant that grows in upland areas of the South American plants, of the cabbage family Lepidium meyenii, a medicinal raw material is the root, which is a rich source of active ingredients (alkaloids, amino acids, catechins, saponins, vitamin C). Increases the body's immunity to psycho-physical overload, it relieves stress and its effects, also used to treat depression. It is a known aphrodisiac supporting sexual function. In the sports supplementation used during intensity of workouts during the competition and during the injury.
Dosage: Depends on the quality of raw material from 50-500 mg per day.
Grape seed extract is a valuable source of active ingredients: flavonoids, fatty acids, proanthocyanidins and vitamin E, an antioxidant, binding free radicals, anti-inflammatory and anti-aggregating. It is a component of a pro-health supplements enhancing preventive treatment of the circulatory system diseases. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements or as a component of nutritional supplements (creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters), vitamin, herbal detoxificating.
Dosage: 50-100 mg per day.
Bilberry (Vaccinum myrtillus), is a plant of Polish coniferous forests containing medicinal raw materials: bilberry leaves (Folium Vaccinum myrtillusae) and bilberry fruit (Fructus Vaccinum myrttillusae). Fruits contain considerable amounts of catechine tannins, and anthocyanins, organic acids, carotenoids, pectin and vitamins (A, B2 and C, P), minerals (phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, calcium and iron), have significant nutritional value, and a significant effect on the regulation of the digestive process. Preparations from the leaves of bilberry are diuretic and disinfectant for the urinary tract, stimulate digestion and metabolism, they contain flavonoids, tannins, organic acids, minerals (e.g. manganese), triterpenes. They are used as insulin-mimetics. In addition, fruits have a disinfecting effect, antihemorrhagical, prevent the growth of worms. Carotenoids enhance vision, especially during the night and have anti-toxic potential, binding toxins in the gastrointestinal tract and excreting out of the body.
Enzyme blend contains a selected set of digestive enzymes of plant origin, such as bromelain present in fresh pineapple, papain (papaya leaves and fruit); amylase and lactase (the digestive enzymes of carbohydrate), lipases (digestive enzymes of fat) and cellulase (decomposing in the body of an unfortunate cellulose), facilitating digestion and absorption of nutrients (sugars, proteins, fats). Particularly useful when using high-calorie diet and after workout, to facilitate the digestion of protein. Enzyme blend is a component OrangeOxiMega Combo Greens & Fish Oil, a complex supplement of Controlled Labs.
Protease (proteinase, peptidase) is a proteolytic enzyme. It is responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds between amino acids in proteins. Protease is released as a biologically inactive proenzyme which is activated in the gastrointestinal lumen.
Protease is not a single compound. It is a large group of 500 various proteases. They can be classified by e.g. the pH in which they are active (acid, neutral and basic) and catalytic mechanisms (serine, threonine, cysteine, spartic and glutamic proteases and metalloproteases).
The role of proteases in human life is not only restricted to digestive processes. They are also involved in the process of growth, maturation and ageing of the body. They play a major function in the growth and spread of pathogenic microorganisms and that is why protease inhibitors are effective in the treatment of many diseases.
In supplementation, proteases are used most frequently to promote the digestion of protein products. They are added to preparations with digestive enzyme blends or protein-rich supplements. What is more, these enzymes are a popular ingredient of formulations for combating the biofilm, formed by pathogenic bacteria in the body.
Amylase (diastase), belong to the group of digestive enzymes (from the group of hydrolases) that catalyse the decomposition of polysaccharides (starch and glycogen) into simple sugars. They are found in saliva, pancreatic juice secreted into the small intestine continuing the digestion. In nature, found in malt, cereal grains. Included in the dietary supplement in combination with the components decomposing milk sugar (lactose), lipases (enzymes that catalyse the hydrolysis decomposition of an ester bond of fat) and proteases (enzymes that catalyse the decomposition of peptide bonds, and are involved in the digestion of protein). Products containing lipase are recommended for active people using high carbohydrate diet and eating hearty meals.
Lipases, digestive enzymes from the group of hydrolases, secreted by the pancreas and the small intestinal wall, resulting in hydrolytic cleavage of fat food, activated by bile acids decompose triacylglycerols to monoacylglycerol and free fatty acids. A particular application of lipase-containing compounds is indicated as a supplement to the diet of people with high physical activity in the case of a heavy food consumption. The lipases are in the supplements enhancing digestion, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Cellulase is an enzyme of the hydrolase class. It is responsible for catalysing the hydrolysis of β-1 4-glycosidic bonds between glucose molecules in cellulose (a building block for plant cell walls). This reaction leads to the formation of the disaccharide cellobiose which is converted into glucose.
The human body is not capable of synthesising cellulase. Because of that, dietary fibre is not digested and used as a source of energy. Nonetheless, it has a beneficial impact on health, is essential for maintaining normal digestive function and may prevent many diseases. Because of that, it must not be excluded from the diet.
In supplementation, cellulase is most frequently an ingredient of digestive enzyme blends. It can be also found in health-promoting supplements with vegetable and fruit extracts. It is recommended especially to persons who complain of digestive discomfort after consuming fibre-rich foods.
Lactase (a digestive enzyme) is involved in the digestion of milk sugar (lactose) and improving its digestibility, artificially derived from yeast. In the supplementation it is a component of a nutritional composition containing protein from milk (casein, whey), carbohydrates, meal replacements type of MRP and as an additive in the complexes of the amino acids, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No standards for consumption
Papain – a digestive enzyme is obtained from the papaya fruit, causing an initial distribution of animal protein in the hydrolysis, increases the digestibility of amino acids, facilitates digestive processes, the impact on the gastric mucosa reduces the risk of peptic ulcer disease, according to in not fully unacknowledged studies it increases immunity. In the sports supplementation it is used in the composition of protein supplements, vitamin supplements and enzyme complexes available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: from a few dozen to several hundred mg / 24h
Bromelain - an enzyme from the group of proteases. The source is the pineapple (pineapple Fructus Sativa) and pineapple leaves, containing bromelain in a form of a mixture of enzymes similar to pepsin and papain responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds of protein. Bromelain in the first place, in the sports supplementation, increases the digestibility of proteins, especially in the case of high-protein diets and has anti-inflammatory and anti-edema. This prevents overloading on the digestive system and diarrhoea.
It is a component of supplements for athletes and supplements supporting musculoskeletal system.
Stevia is a plant that grows in the tropics of the Americas, used as a sugar substitute, thanks to the content steviol more than 300 times sweeter than sucrose, but having no impact on the level of glucose in the blood, on the contrary may improve insulin sensitivity. Used because of the taste properties (natural sweetness) and the impact on the reduction of body fat. In the sports supplementation in Europe used rarely in the form of dietary supplements supporting reduction of body fat and nutrients (as a sweetener), available at www.muscle-zone.pl