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It is not advised to use the supplement in the evening, because the stimulants contained in it may make it difficult to fall asleep. Avoid combining the preparation with other supplements containing stimulants.
The product is only intended for adults, it should not be taken if there is high blood pressure or any heart disorder.
The supplement can also be taken about 30 minutes before physical activity.
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L-carnitine is a vitamin-like substance, synthesized in the body from amino acids (lysine and methionine) and available in foods of animal origin. It is a component of muscle (including cardiac muscle) and nerve tissue. Involved in the metabolism of fats affecting the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell, facilitating their burning and energy production. It is a potent antioxidant, contributing to the improvement of the aerobic condition and accelerating the recovery after intense exercise. Recommended for use for representatives of endurance sports. In the sports supplementation there are available mono-preparation of carnitine (in liquid form, acetylated [ALC], esterified [see. Propionyl-L-carnitine]) and multicomponent (e.g. in a complex with organic acids - see. L-carnitine tartrate) energetic, weight loss and improving the exercise capacity supplements, to be purchased at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: 1 - 3 g per day in 1 - 3 doses, preferably about 45 - 60 minutes prior to exercise.
Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
Theacrine is a purine alkaloid which occurs naturally in the fruits of cupuaçu (Theobroma grandiflorum) and the leaves of Camellia assamica. It is structurally similar to caffeine but it has also additional ketone and methyl groups. It also energises, enhances focus and reduces drowsiness and fatigue. In contrary to caffeine, it has more lasting effects and rather does not affect blood pressure. Furthermore, it has been observed that the body develops tolerance to theacrine more slowly and that is why there is no need to increase its dosage to obtain the desired results.
Like caffeine, theacrine can bind to adenosine receptors without activating them. Nonetheless, its effects depend on the dosage. Its high doses block adenosine receptors whereas low doses have the opposite effects – they boost adenosine levels in the hippocampus and that is probably why they may reduce negative effects of excessive caffeine intake. In addition, theacrine modulates dopamine receptors. Their activation leads to higher motivation and enhanced cognitive skills. It is also believed to have analgesic and antioxidant effects.
In supplementation, theacrine is treated as a stimulant. It is used to reduce drowsiness and fatigue and boost mental performance. It is often combined with caffeine to enhance and prolong its effects and prevent the harmful consequences of excess caffeine.
Theacrine is most frequently found in pre-workout supplements and fat burners based on stimulants. Single-ingredient preparations with pure theacrine are also available on the market.
Dosage: No official guidelines.
The most common daily dosage is from 50 to 300 mg. Doses below 50 mg will have a relaxing effect and those around 300 mg a stimulating effect.
Grains of Paradise (Aframomum melegueta) - Melegueta pepper, a perennial plant in the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. It is used as seasoning, although its properties used in supplementation are much more interesting.
When it comes to biological activity Aframomum melegueta demonstrates considerable similarity to ginger. It is used as therapy in the treatment of eating disorders, reduces digestive discomfort and supports the functionality of intestines.
Aframomum melegueta is also a frequent ingredients of weight loss supplements, due to its ability to increase insulin sensitivity. In this way, it supports proper metabolism of carbohydrates, the disorders of which are a common reason for problems with weight loss. Some sources also say that Aframomum melegueta increases metabolic rate, promoting basic daily energy expenditure of the organism.
This plant is also used as aphrodisiac. According to some sources it may increase the level of testosterone, although current studies do not confirm this scope of effectiveness of Aframomum melegueta.
6-paradol is a bioactive chemical compound found in some plants of the ginger family. It is found in particularly large amounts in Aframomum melegueta, commonly known as the Grains of Paradise. In studies on animal models, 6-paradol has been shown to positively affect the lipid profile and sugar metabolism – by lowering serum glucose and reducing cholesterol. It also helps to reduce body mass. Such results were obtained even in animals that were fed with an unhealthy, high-fat diet.
Researchers identified several essential mechanisms of 6-paradol activity. They proved that it increases the use of glucose through a separate, non-insulin dependent pathway. In addition, it inhibits the synthesis of lipids in adipocytes. It also has a thermogenic effect – it is able to stimulate the expression of brown adipose tissue that is responsible for the generation of heat.
In supplementation, 6-paradol is mainly used as a support for the process of reducing body fat. It can be found in many slimming preparations. There are also Aframomum melegueta extracts available on the market, standardized for the content of 6-paradol.
Synephrine is an organic compound from harvested on an industrial scale the fruit of bitter orange (Citrus aurantium). Citrus auratuim extract (extract of bitter orange) is widely used in the process of weight reduction, both among athletes, active individuals, as well as leading the so-called. "sedentary lifestyle". It is a source of synephrine and octopamine, which in combination with caffeine and polyphenols contained in green tea affect lipolysis, releasing fatty acids adipocytes, by causing increased energy expenditure, burning them in the sources of vital energy cells (mitochondria). It is popular on the banning of ephedra by WADA (dangerous for the body). Contraindication to use preparations against people with hypertension. In the sports supplementation is available in body mass reduction and sculpting programs, as a thermogenic, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters ingredient.
Dosage: No standards unit consumption. In the supplementation - customarily - 10-30 mg
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