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The preparation not only supplements B vitamin deficiencies, but it also makes it possible to increase the daily consumption of fruit and vegetables, which makes it perfect for people whose diet is poor in those products or calories. B vitamins are water-soluble, so they do not have to be taken with a meal. However, as the supplement also contains natural enzymes, taking it with a meal will improve its digestion.
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Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.
Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.
The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.
Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.
Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.
What is methylcobalamin?
Methylcobalamin is a biologically active form of vitamin B12. It is one of the two forms of this vitamin that may be used as cofactors in various reactions. It differs from popular cyanocobalamin in the presence of methyl group instead of cyanide, thanks to which it releases the organism from the need of neutralizing this harmful factor.
The methyl group from methylcobalamin may be transferred to homocysteine, thanks to which it comes back in the form of methionine in order to be further converted to SAMe, which is the main donor of methyl groups in our organism. These methyl groups may be then used in the processes of creatine production, in neurotransmitter metabolism and as DNA methylation, thanks to which we achieve proper energy level, better well-being and generally better condition of the organism. B12 is a coenzyme for three enzymes: isomerase, methyltransferase and dehalogenase.
Apart from the influence on the nervous system, the supply of vitamin B12 is also very important for the proper synthesis of red cells as well as hemoglobin and anemia prevention.
Methylcobalamin in mono-supplements and complex vitamin preparations may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.
Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day
Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate, pantothenic acid, pantotenol) is part of a complex of B vitamins affects the development of the central nervous system, is the building substance of cells. In the body synthesized by the intestinal bacteria. It occurs in animal products (meat, kidneys, liver) and plants (wheat germ, wheat bran, nuts, grains, green vegetables). Prevents fatigue and excessive stress, accelerates the healing of cuts and wounds, acts as a stimulant for the side effects of the use of antibiotics. Deficiency causes skin changes, and difficulty in blood clotting.
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) are Brassicaceae, rich in nutrients (fibre) and vitamins (B group, C, E, K, beta-carotene), phytosterols, glucosides sulphide derivative of flavone quercetin and steroid female sex hormone (lutein ), mineral salts (e.g., the compounds. of chromium and iron). They are a strong antioxidant, regulate sugar levels in the blood, stabilize the economy calcium. Reduce the risk of heart disease. Affect bone health and proper functioning of the digestive system and digestive tract. Eaten as fresh vegetables and in form of a nutrients, vitamin-enriching and antioxidant supplements.
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is a widely cultivated vegetable, derived from Asia. Raw material for the food is a green (Herba Spinanae) containing at vitamins (A, B complex, C, E, H, K, provitamin A, PP), folic acid, carotene and minerals (phosphorus, potassium, sodium, calcium, large amounts of iron) protein, fibre, sugars, flavonoids (rutin), steroidal saponin, betaine, organic acids. It is a potent antioxidant. A beneficial effect on lipid metabolism, lowering homocysteine levels and reducing the risk of atherosclerosis. Complements significantly the level of iron in the body to protect against anaemia. Lutein contained in spinach helps to keep eyes in good condition. Spinach has the effect of reinforcing vitaminizing and mineralizing. Included in the of nutritional, antioxidant, strengthening supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Strawberry (Fragaria grandiflora) is a plant of temperate climate cultivated in Poland in gardens and plantations, for its tasty fruit strawberries (Fructus fragariae), rich in nutrients: sugars, organic acids, enzymes (bromelain), tannins, alkaloids, trace elements ( phosphorus, cobalt, manganese, calcium, iron), phenolic compounds (kampferol, quercetin and pelargonidin) and, above all, large amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Strawberry fruit is a powerful antioxidant having anti-cancer potential. It is a general tonic, mineralizing, vitaminizing and nutrient. Used in the frozen or processed form (juices, jams, preserves), it can be consumed throughout the year. For the sports purposes, in supplements the powdered strawberry form is used. Nutritional preparations containing strawberry powder at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption, consumption according to individual needs
Sour cherry (Cerasus vulgaris Mill.), A tree of the rose family, a rich source of active ingredients: cyanides, flavonoids, minerals and vitamins (A, B group, C). Melatonin contained in the fruits affects the night regeneration and regulates lipid profile. Cherry fruit has the antioxidant potential, enhances the immune system and improves the condition. Eaten as fresh fruit and their products, are also ingredient of functional, nutritional, and vitaminizing strengthening and supporting falling asleep supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Blackberry (Rubus plicatus) is a common shrub common in the northern hemisphere in temperate climates (including Poland). The active substances are present in both the fruit (Fructus Rubi plicati) and the leaves. The plant is the source of: anthocyanins, flavonoids, inositol, organic acids, pectins, minerals and vitamins (C, B1, B2, PP and E). Used in traditional medicine as diuretic (helps get rid of excess water from the body) and diaphoretic. It participates in the processes of metabolism, preventing disturbance in the digestive tract and digestive tract. It is an antioxidant. It reduces stress and enhances immune system functioning. It is nutritive, mineralizing and vitaminizing. Fresh fruits are often used for making preserves.
Blackberry can be eaten as fresh fruit; is part of the dietary and nutritional supplements supporting the work of diuretic and immune system and digestive tract. Available in store muscle-zone.pl
Blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) - also known as bilberry. The raw production material are the fruits of berries (bilberry - Fructus Myrtylli) and leaves (Folium Myrtylli). Its fruits are a rich source of vitamins: ascorbic acid (vit. C), B vitamins, provitamin D, PP; micronutrients (zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, calcium and iron). They contain from 7 - 15% catechine tannin, myrtillin, organic acids (citric and malic). The leaves contain: anthocyanins, sugars, flavonoids and multi-phenolic acids, essential oil, minerals and trace elements. The most important ingredient of leaves is glucokinin, lowering blood sugar and inositol, supporting the reduction of adipose tissue and influencing the removal of disorders in the digestive system (antidiarrheal). Berries are a powerful antioxidant that supports the immune system. Leaves are used in the extracts improving the functioning of the circulatory system. It is a supplement for strengthening, detoxification and vitaminizing.
Ginger root (Zingiber Officinale Radix) as a herbal raw material is widely used as a source of, among others, gingerols. Compounds containing organic components of ginger root are characterized by high biological activity. Ginger root is used in medicine, due to the prevention of infection, to ensure a balance of gastrointestinal bacteria, involved in the production of bile. It has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the circulatory system as an antioxidant, lowers blood pressure, causing a delay in the processes of formation of LDL cholesterol (inhibitor). As a thermogenic it reduces appetite processes and sometimes it is a component of weight loss complexes. Through participation in the transformation of thermogenic lipolysis, is one of the valuable fat burners. The active substances contained in it are a component of arthritis regenerators (in combination with glucosamine including or curcumin). In the sports supplementation it is valued for its anti-inflammatory properties to support the process of healing and recovery after an injury of motor organs (especially the joints). It co-creates so called joints regenerators with chondroitin, glucosamine and curcumin.
Onion (Allium cepa L.) - it is a raw food (raw or processed) and therapeutic (strong bactericidal effect, lowering blood pressure, increasing the body's immunity). Its root (Bulbus Cepae) is the source of many nutrients and active contains sugars, flavonoids, minerals (soluble silica, zinc, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sulfur, sodium, and iron), vitamins (B group and C, E, K, PP and provitamin A), pectin and mucilages.
Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) - bush growing wild or in gardens on the sandy areas in the northern hemisphere. Food ingredients are: raspberry fruit (Fructus Rubi idaei) and leaves (Folium Rubi idaei). Fruits contain organic acids (mainly ascorbic acid or vitamin C), sugars and pectin, vitamins A, B1, B2 and trace elements (phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and iron). Infusions of fresh or dried fruit is used in colds and fever and digestive disorders of children and adolescents. The leaves are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial and relaxant on smooth muscles of the intestines, blood vessels and uterus. More effective action have raspberries growing wild on the edge of the forests. Juices and syrups, jams and liqueurs can be produced of the raspberries.
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) species of parsley with a wide culinary and medicinal use (basically, each of its parts underground and aboveground), which is reach of bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, phytosterols, essential oil, oil, fat, vitamins and minerals, and apigenin, prevents the development of cancer (angiogenesis inhibition). In the sports supplementation, its diuretic potential is used, allowing for almost immediate release of water from the body, for keeping the weight limit and affect the aesthetics of the figure, by increasing glomerular filtration rate while slowing resorption and increasing the capacity of the urinary tract. Formulations containing parsley used in the aqueous extracts, are available on the www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No standards unit consumption
Cauliflower (Brasicca cauliflora) widely cultivated plant of the cabbage family, which raw material is food inflorescence. Richly endowed with protein, vitamins C and A, B1 and B2, K, and minerals (zinc, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, potassium, sulphur, calcium and iron). It also contains carotenoids and a range of active health beneficial compounds. Studies indicate the increasing importance of the cauliflower in the prevention of cancer. It has a strengthening effect, vitaminizing and mineralizing. In powder form it is a component of the nutrients and supplements for health and beauty, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Kale - (Brassica oleracea) valued vegetable in Italian and Polish cuisine, a rich source of active substances: carotenoids, lutein, vitamins C and K, zeaxanthin and minerals (including trace elements, e.g. Manganese). In its composition there are very powerful antioxidants, including indole-3-carbinol (reduces estrogen levels, helping to improve the aesthetics of the body for strength athletes and martial arts). Kale affects the blood lipid profile and the condition of the bones and joints. The powder is an ingredient of nutritional supplements for people who are physically active, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: according to individual needs
Celery (Apium graveolens) is known in antiquity, regarded as a universal drug with action: diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and stimulating. Used as raw material for food and medical use, is the celery root (Radix Apia), celery herb (Herba Apia) and fruit (Fructus Apia) and celery seed. Rich in active ingredients alcohols, asparagine, choline, sugars, flavonoids, carotene, mineral salts (phosphorus, potassium and calcium), mucus, and vitamins (B1, B2, PP). It is used for supplementation for reducing body fat, also used are its antirheumatic properties.
Enzyme blend contains a selected set of digestive enzymes of plant origin, such as bromelain present in fresh pineapple, papain (papaya leaves and fruit); amylase and lactase (the digestive enzymes of carbohydrate), lipases (digestive enzymes of fat) and cellulase (decomposing in the body of an unfortunate cellulose), facilitating digestion and absorption of nutrients (sugars, proteins, fats). Particularly useful when using high-calorie diet and after workout, to facilitate the digestion of protein. Enzyme blend is a component OrangeOxiMega Combo Greens & Fish Oil, a complex supplement of Controlled Labs.
Lipases, digestive enzymes from the group of hydrolases, secreted by the pancreas and the small intestinal wall, resulting in hydrolytic cleavage of fat food, activated by bile acids decompose triacylglycerols to monoacylglycerol and free fatty acids. A particular application of lipase-containing compounds is indicated as a supplement to the diet of people with high physical activity in the case of a heavy food consumption. The lipases are in the supplements enhancing digestion, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Protease (proteinase, peptidase) is a proteolytic enzyme. It is responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds between amino acids in proteins. Protease is released as a biologically inactive proenzyme which is activated in the gastrointestinal lumen.
Protease is not a single compound. It is a large group of 500 various proteases. They can be classified by e.g. the pH in which they are active (acid, neutral and basic) and catalytic mechanisms (serine, threonine, cysteine, spartic and glutamic proteases and metalloproteases).
The role of proteases in human life is not only restricted to digestive processes. They are also involved in the process of growth, maturation and ageing of the body. They play a major function in the growth and spread of pathogenic microorganisms and that is why protease inhibitors are effective in the treatment of many diseases.
In supplementation, proteases are used most frequently to promote the digestion of protein products. They are added to preparations with digestive enzyme blends or protein-rich supplements. What is more, these enzymes are a popular ingredient of formulations for combating the biofilm, formed by pathogenic bacteria in the body.
Cellulase is an enzyme of the hydrolase class. It is responsible for catalysing the hydrolysis of β-1 4-glycosidic bonds between glucose molecules in cellulose (a building block for plant cell walls). This reaction leads to the formation of the disaccharide cellobiose which is converted into glucose.
The human body is not capable of synthesising cellulase. Because of that, dietary fibre is not digested and used as a source of energy. Nonetheless, it has a beneficial impact on health, is essential for maintaining normal digestive function and may prevent many diseases. Because of that, it must not be excluded from the diet.
In supplementation, cellulase is most frequently an ingredient of digestive enzyme blends. It can be also found in health-promoting supplements with vegetable and fruit extracts. It is recommended especially to persons who complain of digestive discomfort after consuming fibre-rich foods.
Bromelain - an enzyme from the group of proteases. The source is the pineapple (pineapple Fructus Sativa) and pineapple leaves, containing bromelain in a form of a mixture of enzymes similar to pepsin and papain responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds of protein. Bromelain in the first place, in the sports supplementation, increases the digestibility of proteins, especially in the case of high-protein diets and has anti-inflammatory and anti-edema. This prevents overloading on the digestive system and diarrhoea.
It is a component of supplements for athletes and supplements supporting musculoskeletal system.
Phytase (myo-inositol hexaphosphate phosphohydrolase) is a phosphorolytic enzyme, which is a catalyst for the hydrolysis of phytic acid – a non-digestive, organic form of phosphorus that occurs in cereal grains and seeds of oil plants. The presence of this enzyme was found in plant organisms and in some animals, bacteria, and fungi. Human body does not produce phytase, however, the intestinal microflora of some people (especially vegetarians and vegans) have been proved to contain microbes capable of producing phytases.
Phytase promotes degradation of phytic acid, and thus increases the bioavailability of certain nutrients and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, and iron. In addition, it promotes better digestion and reduces the symptoms that may accompany the consumption of cereals and legumes. In supplementation, phytase does not occur in the form of a mono-preparation. Most often it is one of the components of mixtures containing various digestive enzymes.
Lactase (a digestive enzyme) is involved in the digestion of milk sugar (lactose) and improving its digestibility, artificially derived from yeast. In the supplementation it is a component of a nutritional composition containing protein from milk (casein, whey), carbohydrates, meal replacements type of MRP and as an additive in the complexes of the amino acids, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No standards for consumption
Papain – a digestive enzyme is obtained from the papaya fruit, causing an initial distribution of animal protein in the hydrolysis, increases the digestibility of amino acids, facilitates digestive processes, the impact on the gastric mucosa reduces the risk of peptic ulcer disease, according to in not fully unacknowledged studies it increases immunity. In the sports supplementation it is used in the composition of protein supplements, vitamin supplements and enzyme complexes available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: from a few dozen to several hundred mg / 24h
Peptidase is an enzyme catalysing the hydrolysis of peptide bonds. Depending on the site of action, it divides into endopeptidase, which breaks peptide bonds in the middle of a peptide chain, and exopeptidase, responsible for the cleavage of single amino acids from the end of a peptide chain. To put it simply, the enzyme helps digest protein.
Peptidase obtained by fermentation of the fungi Aspergillus oryzae is most commonly used in supplementation. It is recommended especially to individuals with high protein intake (athletes and persons on protein-rich diets).
Peptidase is usually found in complex blends of digestive enzymes. It is also an ingredient of some protein supplements available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Lactobacillus bulgaricus – what is it?
Lactobacillus bulgaricus (known before as Lactobacillus delbrueckii) is a Gram-positive bacteria species, able to convert lactose into lactic acid. It is non-motile and does not form spores. It is present in digestive system of mammals and fermented products. It is one of the bacteria used for yoghurt fermentation. It was first identified in 1905 by the Bulgarian doctor Stamen Grigorov.
It is classified as a probiotic, so that it has positive influence on the human body system, i.a. by supporting the fight against pathogenic bacteria and promoting restoration of homeostasis after microbiome disorders. It can be also potentially beneficial for the functioning of the immune system. It is helpful in fight against diarrhoea caused by antibiotics and can improve digestion and absorption of nutrients. There are some indications that it can improve condition of people suffering from bowels inflammations.
Lactobacillus bulgaricus contained in many complex probiotic preparations which can be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl
What is Lactobacillus plantarum?
Lactobacillus plantarum is a strain of gram-positive, motionless, rod-shaped bacteria which ferment milk in the intestinal environment. These probotic strains are believed to be the most resistant to adverse conditions prevailing in different sections of the digestive tract. Apart from the small intestine, they were detected in the oral cavity and even vagina where they compete with pathogenic microorganisms, protecting the body from bacterial infections, viruses and mycoses.
They affect the vitality of pathogens and synthesis of compounds beneficial to the health of, e.g. lactic acid and short-chain fatty acids. As a result, it normalises intestinal function, thereby ensuring proper digestion and nutrient absorption. By using the lactase enzyme, it has the ability to break down milk sugar which is the cause of many unpleasant digestive ailments in the majority of adults.
It is used in medicine for treating irritable bowel syndrome, problems with digestion and Crohn’s disease. It is used in supplementation as one of the components of complex probiotics available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Saccharomyces cerevisiae – yeasts from the group of monocellular fungi, commonly used by the researchers as test material, because of its small environment requirements. They are also popular in food industry.
The yeasts show health-promoting properties and are a good substitute for offal in vegetarian diet. They are a good source for vitamins, particularly B-vitamins. They have also positive influence on the condition of bacterial microflora, as they improve the functioning of intestinal barrier.
In dietary supplements and drugs, they are used mainly as a support for the functioning of the digestive system. They are also present in products improving the quality of skin, hair and nails, however the newest research suggests that the influence on these tissues results from the influence on the microbiota.