Despite the high content of fatty acids omega-3 (EPA and DHA) in sea fish, they should not constitute the main source of these acids in our diet, due to the bad conditions of breeding, possible toxicity with heavy metals and dioxins. A safe solution is to use dietary supplements. Now Foods Omega 3-6-9 contains fatty acids essential for the organism, omega-3, -6 and -9 in proper proportions, thanks to which we may be certain that it has positive influence on the organism.
Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.
Evening primrose oil – a source of essential unsaturated fatty acids, mainly omega-6. Linoleic acid, associated with healthy carbohydrate metabolism, is the predominant one. It is indicated that impaired conversion of linoleic acid occurs in diabetics and its increased intake may reduce symptoms of diabetes.
Furthermore, evening primrose oil is valued for its beneficial impact on the cardiovascular system. It inhibits blood platelet aggregation and has the ability to optimise the lipid profile. Owing to that, it is an effective way to prevent cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, in multiple ways.
Evening primrose oil is often recommended to individuals who want to improve the condition of their joints. It stimulates the regeneration of joint cartilage and may reduce symptoms of rheumatism. Furthermore, it is said that it promotes fertility both in women (due to its beneficial impact on endometrium) and men (by improving semen quality).
When taking dietary evening primrose supplements, we should pay attention to their storage. As a source of EFAs, this oil is sensitive to sunlight and heat. Because of that, it should be kept in a dark, cold place.
Squash (Cucurbita pepo) is a plant originating from North America (Mexico), grown in Poland. Pumpkin flesh (pulp cucurbitae) and pumpkin seeds (Semen cucurbitae recens) are used as a source of food. The pulp is a rich source of unsaturated fatty acids (e.g. Acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, oleic acid), and phytosterols, vitamins (pro-vitamin A, B1, B2, C, E, PP), minerals (cobalt, magnesium, copper, potassium, calcium , iron), sugars and protein and fibre. Fresh seeds contain approx. 50% oil, phytosterols, phytates, cucurbitacins, triterpenes, peponozyd and vitamins and minerals. The oil contains unsaturated fatty acids (such as fatty acids: linoleic acid, linolenic acid, oleic acid). The positive effect of pumpkin oil was found in the sports supplementation and in the prophylaxis of prostate cancer, as well as its effect on LDL cholesterol and heart. Consuming affects the maintenance of health, or even improving it. Both the pulp and pumpkin seeds and oil are used in the household, as well as in dietary supplements (it is a component of a nutritional and functional supplements).
Linoleic acid, the unsaturated Omega 6 fatty acid, is not intracorporeal synthesized, it is supplied in foods of plant origin (including sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, soybeans, hazelnuts, the seeds of grapes, etc.) and in foods of animal origin. It is involved in the biosynthesis of arachidonic acid needed for the production of prostaglandins. In a normal diet using the above food component it is sufficient and does not require support supplementation. Rarely used in dietary supplements, usually combined with EPA, DHA and ALA; It is a component of supplements containing essential fatty acids (EFAs), often in combination with vitamin E, which is protecting the fatty acids from oxidation. It is recommended to to take linoleic acid in proportion to the Omega 3 acids (in the range between of 1: 1 to 1: 5). As a component of cell membranes is responsible for the condition of the skin, hair loss, healing of cuts and small wounds. Studies confirm its effect on reducing the risk of heart disease. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the most important is to keep the balance between Omega 3 and Omega 6 acids. When proportions are kept, the quantity is not significant.
Oleic acid - mono-saturated Omega 9 fatty acid, occurring in the natural products of plant origin (almonds, olive oil) and animal origin (hen egg yolk, fats derived from fish). As representative of the most common fatty acids present in the diet can be substituted for some of the saturated fatty acids and consequently have a positive effect on the blood lipid profile. In the diet supplementation it is a complementation unsaturated fatty acids.