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It is recommended to start proper supplementation of magnesium and potassium in the period of strenuous mental as well as physical activity, also after reaching the age of 50. Symptoms such as fatigue, muscle weakness, numbness or arrythmia may account for a deficiency of one of these elements. To avoid electrolyte deficiency, it is suggested to provide adequate fluid supply and follow a proper diet.
Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day
Asparaganian magnesium (chelate magnesium and aspartic acid) is an organic magnesium form characterized by absorption and stability in the body. Magnesium is actively involved in energy conversion (necessary in the process of ATP). Intracellular cation, stored in the bones, partly in soft tissues and minimal quantity in the extracellular fluid. Maintains a proper bone structure, nucleic acids and chromosomes. It is an activator of enzymes involved in the synthesis of protein, stabilizes cell membranes, conducts nerve impulses and increases contractility of nerve fibres.
Deficiencies of magnesium in the body are causing disorder of the immune system and water-electrolyte balanace, causing greater susceptibility to stress, irritability and insomnia. Magnesium deficiency can cause cardiac arrhythmias, uncontrolled muscle contractions, numbness in the limbs.
Asparganian Magnesium is a component of the mineral preparations (including ZMA), vitamin and mineral and pro-testosterone supplements used in sports supplementation.
Dosage: based on Mg ions, 100-500 mg per day.
Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.
Potassium aspartate - a highly assimilable form of potassium, mainly encountered in dietary supplements in combination with magnesium aspartate. It is used in order to effectively increase the supply of this mineral in a diet. It is especially important for physically active people, as it is indicated that intensive physical effort is conducive to disposing of potassium ions from the organism. Diet rich in salt is also conducive to its deficiencies.
Potassium is the most common cation present in the intercellular fluid, thanks to which it is incredibly important to maintain the organism’s homeostasis. It is an electrolyte, ensures optimal permeability of cell membranes, facilitates efficient biochemical transformations in the cytoplasm. It is also an activator of many enzymes, due to which it conditions the course of many reactions in the organism.
Insufficient supply of potassium leads to water-electrolyte disorders in the organism. It mainly gives symptoms of general weakness and increased fatigue, it decreases cognitive functions motor coordination. It negatively influences the work of heart, may disturb the functioning of the whole muscle system. In hypocalcemia, nervous system disfunctions may also appear.
Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.