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Vitamin C increases the absorption of trivalent non-heme iron which is naturally absorbed very poorly. Non-heme iron is present in plant products. Because of that, in order to protect from iron deficiencies, especially in individuals on a plant diet, it is recommended to take vitamin C with an iron-containing meal (legumes, pumpkin seeds and spinach).
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Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer taking of synthetic vitamin C.
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is a widely cultivated vegetable, derived from Asia. Raw material for the food is a green (Herba Spinanae) containing at vitamins (A, B complex, C, E, H, K, provitamin A, PP), folic acid, carotene and minerals (phosphorus, potassium, sodium, calcium, large amounts of iron) protein, fibre, sugars, flavonoids (rutin), steroidal saponin, betaine, organic acids. It is a potent antioxidant. A beneficial effect on lipid metabolism, lowering homocysteine levels and reducing the risk of atherosclerosis. Complements significantly the level of iron in the body to protect against anaemia. Lutein contained in spinach helps to keep eyes in good condition. Spinach has the effect of reinforcing vitaminizing and mineralizing. Included in the of nutritional, antioxidant, strengthening supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Strawberry (Fragaria grandiflora) is a plant of temperate climate cultivated in Poland in gardens and plantations, for its tasty fruit strawberries (Fructus fragariae), rich in nutrients: sugars, organic acids, enzymes (bromelain), tannins, alkaloids, trace elements ( phosphorus, cobalt, manganese, calcium, iron), phenolic compounds (kampferol, quercetin and pelargonidin) and, above all, large amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Strawberry fruit is a powerful antioxidant having anti-cancer potential. It is a general tonic, mineralizing, vitaminizing and nutrient. Used in the frozen or processed form (juices, jams, preserves), it can be consumed throughout the year. For the sports purposes, in supplements the powdered strawberry form is used. Nutritional preparations containing strawberry powder at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption, consumption according to individual needs
Blackberry (Rubus plicatus) is a common shrub common in the northern hemisphere in temperate climates (including Poland). The active substances are present in both the fruit (Fructus Rubi plicati) and the leaves. The plant is the source of: anthocyanins, flavonoids, inositol, organic acids, pectins, minerals and vitamins (C, B1, B2, PP and E). Used in traditional medicine as diuretic (helps get rid of excess water from the body) and diaphoretic. It participates in the processes of metabolism, preventing disturbance in the digestive tract and digestive tract. It is an antioxidant. It reduces stress and enhances immune system functioning. It is nutritive, mineralizing and vitaminizing. Fresh fruits are often used for making preserves.
Blackberry can be eaten as fresh fruit; is part of the dietary and nutritional supplements supporting the work of diuretic and immune system and digestive tract. Available in store muscle-zone.pl
Onion (Allium cepa L.) - it is a raw food (raw or processed) and therapeutic (strong bactericidal effect, lowering blood pressure, increasing the body's immunity). Its root (Bulbus Cepae) is the source of many nutrients and active contains sugars, flavonoids, minerals (soluble silica, zinc, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sulfur, sodium, and iron), vitamins (B group and C, E, K, PP and provitamin A), pectin and mucilages.
Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) - bush growing wild or in gardens on the sandy areas in the northern hemisphere. Food ingredients are: raspberry fruit (Fructus Rubi idaei) and leaves (Folium Rubi idaei). Fruits contain organic acids (mainly ascorbic acid or vitamin C), sugars and pectin, vitamins A, B1, B2 and trace elements (phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and iron). Infusions of fresh or dried fruit is used in colds and fever and digestive disorders of children and adolescents. The leaves are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial and relaxant on smooth muscles of the intestines, blood vessels and uterus. More effective action have raspberries growing wild on the edge of the forests. Juices and syrups, jams and liqueurs can be produced of the raspberries.
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) species of parsley with a wide culinary and medicinal use (basically, each of its parts underground and aboveground), which is reach of bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, phytosterols, essential oil, oil, fat, vitamins and minerals, and apigenin, prevents the development of cancer (angiogenesis inhibition). In the sports supplementation, its diuretic potential is used, allowing for almost immediate release of water from the body, for keeping the weight limit and affect the aesthetics of the figure, by increasing glomerular filtration rate while slowing resorption and increasing the capacity of the urinary tract. Formulations containing parsley used in the aqueous extracts, are available on the www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No standards unit consumption
Cauliflower (Brasicca cauliflora) widely cultivated plant of the cabbage family, which raw material is food inflorescence. Richly endowed with protein, vitamins C and A, B1 and B2, K, and minerals (zinc, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, potassium, sulphur, calcium and iron). It also contains carotenoids and a range of active health beneficial compounds. Studies indicate the increasing importance of the cauliflower in the prevention of cancer. It has a strengthening effect, vitaminizing and mineralizing. In powder form it is a component of the nutrients and supplements for health and beauty, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Kale - (Brassica oleracea) valued vegetable in Italian and Polish cuisine, a rich source of active substances: carotenoids, lutein, vitamins C and K, zeaxanthin and minerals (including trace elements, e.g. Manganese). In its composition there are very powerful antioxidants, including indole-3-carbinol (reduces estrogen levels, helping to improve the aesthetics of the body for strength athletes and martial arts). Kale affects the blood lipid profile and the condition of the bones and joints. The powder is an ingredient of nutritional supplements for people who are physically active, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: according to individual needs
Celery (Apium graveolens) is known in antiquity, regarded as a universal drug with action: diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and stimulating. Used as raw material for food and medical use, is the celery root (Radix Apia), celery herb (Herba Apia) and fruit (Fructus Apia) and celery seed. Rich in active ingredients alcohols, asparagine, choline, sugars, flavonoids, carotene, mineral salts (phosphorus, potassium and calcium), mucus, and vitamins (B1, B2, PP). It is used for supplementation for reducing body fat, also used are its antirheumatic properties.
Enzyme blend contains a selected set of digestive enzymes of plant origin, such as bromelain present in fresh pineapple, papain (papaya leaves and fruit); amylase and lactase (the digestive enzymes of carbohydrate), lipases (digestive enzymes of fat) and cellulase (decomposing in the body of an unfortunate cellulose), facilitating digestion and absorption of nutrients (sugars, proteins, fats). Particularly useful when using high-calorie diet and after workout, to facilitate the digestion of protein. Enzyme blend is a component OrangeOxiMega Combo Greens & Fish Oil, a complex supplement of Controlled Labs.
Protease (proteinase, peptidase) is a proteolytic enzyme. It is responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds between amino acids in proteins. Protease is released as a biologically inactive proenzyme which is activated in the gastrointestinal lumen.
Protease is not a single compound. It is a large group of 500 various proteases. They can be classified by e.g. the pH in which they are active (acid, neutral and basic) and catalytic mechanisms (serine, threonine, cysteine, spartic and glutamic proteases and metalloproteases).
The role of proteases in human life is not only restricted to digestive processes. They are also involved in the process of growth, maturation and ageing of the body. They play a major function in the growth and spread of pathogenic microorganisms and that is why protease inhibitors are effective in the treatment of many diseases.
In supplementation, proteases are used most frequently to promote the digestion of protein products. They are added to preparations with digestive enzyme blends or protein-rich supplements. What is more, these enzymes are a popular ingredient of formulations for combating the biofilm, formed by pathogenic bacteria in the body.
Cellulase is an enzyme of the hydrolase class. It is responsible for catalysing the hydrolysis of β-1 4-glycosidic bonds between glucose molecules in cellulose (a building block for plant cell walls). This reaction leads to the formation of the disaccharide cellobiose which is converted into glucose.
The human body is not capable of synthesising cellulase. Because of that, dietary fibre is not digested and used as a source of energy. Nonetheless, it has a beneficial impact on health, is essential for maintaining normal digestive function and may prevent many diseases. Because of that, it must not be excluded from the diet.
In supplementation, cellulase is most frequently an ingredient of digestive enzyme blends. It can be also found in health-promoting supplements with vegetable and fruit extracts. It is recommended especially to persons who complain of digestive discomfort after consuming fibre-rich foods.
Bromelain - an enzyme from the group of proteases. The source is the pineapple (pineapple Fructus Sativa) and pineapple leaves, containing bromelain in a form of a mixture of enzymes similar to pepsin and papain responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds of protein. Bromelain in the first place, in the sports supplementation, increases the digestibility of proteins, especially in the case of high-protein diets and has anti-inflammatory and anti-edema. This prevents overloading on the digestive system and diarrhoea.
It is a component of supplements for athletes and supplements supporting musculoskeletal system.
Phytase (myo-inositol hexaphosphate phosphohydrolase) is a phosphorolytic enzyme, which is a catalyst for the hydrolysis of phytic acid – a non-digestive, organic form of phosphorus that occurs in cereal grains and seeds of oil plants. The presence of this enzyme was found in plant organisms and in some animals, bacteria, and fungi. Human body does not produce phytase, however, the intestinal microflora of some people (especially vegetarians and vegans) have been proved to contain microbes capable of producing phytases.
Phytase promotes degradation of phytic acid, and thus increases the bioavailability of certain nutrients and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, and iron. In addition, it promotes better digestion and reduces the symptoms that may accompany the consumption of cereals and legumes. In supplementation, phytase does not occur in the form of a mono-preparation. Most often it is one of the components of mixtures containing various digestive enzymes.
Lactase (a digestive enzyme) is involved in the digestion of milk sugar (lactose) and improving its digestibility, artificially derived from yeast. In the supplementation it is a component of a nutritional composition containing protein from milk (casein, whey), carbohydrates, meal replacements type of MRP and as an additive in the complexes of the amino acids, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: No standards for consumption
Papain – a digestive enzyme is obtained from the papaya fruit, causing an initial distribution of animal protein in the hydrolysis, increases the digestibility of amino acids, facilitates digestive processes, the impact on the gastric mucosa reduces the risk of peptic ulcer disease, according to in not fully unacknowledged studies it increases immunity. In the sports supplementation it is used in the composition of protein supplements, vitamin supplements and enzyme complexes available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: from a few dozen to several hundred mg / 24h
Lactobacillus bulgaricus – what is it?
Lactobacillus bulgaricus (known before as Lactobacillus delbrueckii) is a Gram-positive bacteria species, able to convert lactose into lactic acid. It is non-motile and does not form spores. It is present in digestive system of mammals and fermented products. It is one of the bacteria used for yoghurt fermentation. It was first identified in 1905 by the Bulgarian doctor Stamen Grigorov.
It is classified as a probiotic, so that it has positive influence on the human body system, i.a. by supporting the fight against pathogenic bacteria and promoting restoration of homeostasis after microbiome disorders. It can be also potentially beneficial for the functioning of the immune system. It is helpful in fight against diarrhoea caused by antibiotics and can improve digestion and absorption of nutrients. There are some indications that it can improve condition of people suffering from bowels inflammations.
Lactobacillus bulgaricus contained in many complex probiotic preparations which can be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl
What is Lactobacillus plantarum?
Lactobacillus plantarum is a strain of gram-positive, motionless, rod-shaped bacteria which ferment milk in the intestinal environment. These probotic strains are believed to be the most resistant to adverse conditions prevailing in different sections of the digestive tract. Apart from the small intestine, they were detected in the oral cavity and even vagina where they compete with pathogenic microorganisms, protecting the body from bacterial infections, viruses and mycoses.
They affect the vitality of pathogens and synthesis of compounds beneficial to the health of, e.g. lactic acid and short-chain fatty acids. As a result, it normalises intestinal function, thereby ensuring proper digestion and nutrient absorption. By using the lactase enzyme, it has the ability to break down milk sugar which is the cause of many unpleasant digestive ailments in the majority of adults.
It is used in medicine for treating irritable bowel syndrome, problems with digestion and Crohn’s disease. It is used in supplementation as one of the components of complex probiotics available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Saccharomyces cerevisiae – yeasts from the group of monocellular fungi, commonly used by the researchers as test material, because of its small environment requirements. They are also popular in food industry.
The yeasts show health-promoting properties and are a good substitute for offal in vegetarian diet. They are a good source for vitamins, particularly B-vitamins. They have also positive influence on the condition of bacterial microflora, as they improve the functioning of intestinal barrier.
In dietary supplements and drugs, they are used mainly as a support for the functioning of the digestive system. They are also present in products improving the quality of skin, hair and nails, however the newest research suggests that the influence on these tissues results from the influence on the microbiota.
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