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It is best to take the product with meals containing fats.
Vegans and vegetarians are a particularly vulnerable group to the deficiency of phospholipids. The best sources of these compounds are products of animal origin, e.g. eggs so people who are on a vegetable diet should be interested in supplementation.
Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.
Saturated fatty acids are a group of fatty acid having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is linked by a single bond. Saturated fatty acids are commonly known as bad fat, which might adversely affect the cholesterol level, in particular by the action of acids: lauric, myristic, palmitic, and therefore their consumption should be reduced. Research carried out in this matter do not confirm entirely the prevailing beliefs.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) – contain at least two double bonds in their structure. They are most frequently divided into two subgroups: omega 3 and 6. PUFAs belong to essential unsaturated fatty acids – the body cannot synthesise them endogenously and they must be supplied with food. Their biological activity in the body consists in its role as a precursor to various eicosanoids.
PUFAs promote mainly cardiovascular health. They are an effective preventive measure against cardiovascular diseases. They inhibit blood platelet aggregation, may lower blood pressure and triglyceride levels.
Proper intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids is also of key importance to maintain a healthy brain. PUFAs promote normal development of the nervous system and its healthy function, thereby influencing beneficially cognitive functions. Their adequate consumption is believed to delay ageing processes.
Supplementation with PUFAs is recommended to individuals on a slimming diet because they help control body mass. What is more, they may prevent the development of cancer. Deficiencies in polyunsaturated fatty acids in a diet may also promote immunodeficiency.
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) - monoenoic fatty acid, contrary to PUFA - polyenoic fatty acid - may be synthesized in the human organism. Therefore, they are less popular in supplementation, although current research on their properties prove, that they are unfairly skipped.
The main pro-heath application of monounsaturated fatty acids MUFA is prophylaxis of cardiovascular diseases. They may optimize lipid profile, increase the amount of lipoprotein HDL, at the same time decreasing the amount of “bad” cholesterol LDL. Oleic acid, present in olive oil, belonging to MUFA, is attributed the properties of Mediterranean diet, considered the best for our circulatory system.
Some sources also say that monoenoic monounsaturated fatty acids are conducive to weight loss. Therefore, increasing their supply in a diet is recommended to people dealing with excess weight.
Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.
Phosphatidylcholine – a group of phospholipids whose molecule contains choline. It can be synthesised endogenously in the human body, is a building block of cell membranes and thus influences beneficially their functioning. Since it is found commonly in the body, phosphatidylcholine supplementation shows many health benefits.
This phospholipid has a beneficial impact on the functioning of liver tissues. It has hepatoprotective properties, consequently preventing damage to this organ caused by toxic agents, and helps treat its diseases. It reduces oxidative stress in the liver and has therefore a beneficial impact on the viability of hepatocytes.
Because of the presence of phosphatidylcholine molecules in cell membranes, whose efficiency is critical to maintaining normal neurotransmission, this compound is indicated to influence positively neuronal function. It is suggested that phosphatidylcholine may be effective especially in disorders associated with too low acetylcholine concentrations in the body.
It is also said to promote lipolysis. Such activity of this compound is observed only in topical administration. There are no reliable sources which describe that this phospholipid is capable of speeding up body fat loss in oral delivery.
Lecithin is part of the phospholipids (lipid complex), beneficial for the function of the cardiovascular system and blood lipid profile and fat metabolism. It is a source of choline which is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter) that affects the nervous system, including inositol (stabilizer of the copper and zinc balance in the body). It improves concentration, cognition and memory. Forms a colloidal suspension of a liquid in the fat (emulsification) allowing for their use in the food industry. It is a component of dietary supplements supporting the work of the central nervous system, blood circulation, accelerating weight loss and in protein, carbohydrate-protein supplement as an emulsifier, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: as per the prescription, customarily 1 - 10 g / 24h
Phosphatidylethanolamine (cephalin) is a phospholipids (lipid complex) from the group, which also includes phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, occurring in the brain. They form a lecithin, or is synthesized from other phospholipids (phosphatidylserine). It affects the stability of cell membranes, by stimulating lipid profile. Ethanolamine, which is derived from phosphatidylethanolamine, affects the metabolism of fats. Phosphatidylethanolamine is a component of a nutritional, functional and vitamin supplements, usually with together other composite fats.
Phosphatidylinositol - a chemical compound from the group of phospholipids, participating in biochemical reactions within cells, metabolism of fats (stimulating lipid profile). Inositol is responsible for the balance between copper and zinc, ensuring the proper functioning of the nervous system, improving mood and the development of the bone marrow. Inositol deficiency can affect men with infertility. In the human body it is present in brain, reproductive and muscle cells, including cardiac muscle, and liver. In combination with other phospholipids, it is a component of nutritional, functional and vitamin supplements
Sunflower oil produced from sunflower (Helianthus annus) is a source of fatty acids of Omega 6 (linoleic acid) and Omega 9 (oleic acid). It has a number of biologically active components such as carotenoids, lecithin, waxes. It is an oil rich in vitamin E content in the proper proportion in consumption in conjunction with Omega 3 and Omega 6 reduces the level of bad cholesterol (LDL). It is an antioxidant.
Sunflower oil is used in nutritional and functional supplements available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: 5 - 15 g / 24h