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The product is intended for experienced users. A minimal dose is recommended when using the product for the first time. The target dose is to be selected depending on body weight, individual sensitivity to the ingredients and sensations during a workout on trial portion.
Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.
Sugars - is the term used to refer to the crystal structure of the carbohydrate (sugar), characterized by a sweet taste. This group includes: sucrose (obtained from sugar cane and sugar beets and natural foods), fruit sugars (fructose) and glucose. Carbohydrate intake should not exceed 10% of the energy consumed during the day meals. Excess intake of sugars leading to diseases, including diabetes, atherosclerosis and obesity. Particular caution should be performed carbohydrate intake by athletes of sculpting disciplines and people on a diet. A greater need for carbohydrates, due being easily accessible sources of energy, may be in the periods before and after workouts and before and after the fight. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?
Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.
Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.
Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.
What is methylcobalamin?
Methylcobalamin is a biologically active form of vitamin B12. It is one of the two forms of this vitamin that may be used as cofactors in various reactions. It differs from popular cyanocobalamin in the presence of methyl group instead of cyanide, thanks to which it releases the organism from the need of neutralizing this harmful factor.
The methyl group from methylcobalamin may be transferred to homocysteine, thanks to which it comes back in the form of methionine in order to be further converted to SAMe, which is the main donor of methyl groups in our organism. These methyl groups may be then used in the processes of creatine production, in neurotransmitter metabolism and as DNA methylation, thanks to which we achieve proper energy level, better well-being and generally better condition of the organism. B12 is a coenzyme for three enzymes: isomerase, methyltransferase and dehalogenase.
Apart from the influence on the nervous system, the supply of vitamin B12 is also very important for the proper synthesis of red cells as well as hemoglobin and anemia prevention.
Methylcobalamin in mono-supplements and complex vitamin preparations may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
What is cyanocobalamin?
Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.
Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.
This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.
Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Phosphorus (chemical element of nitrogen family, occurring in several colours: white [poisonous], red, purple and black). It is a micro element involved in the physiological responses of the organism. It is a factor of the proper structure of bones and teeth, storing approx. 85% of the element in the form of hydroxyapatite. Adjusts the acidity in the body by increasing the pH. It is a component of nucleic acids. It also affects the proper functioning of the kidneys and the heart and nerves (transfer pulse). A natural source of obtaining of phosphorus are both plant (eggs, seeds, nuts, whole grains) and animal origin products (poultry, different types of meat, fish). Phosphorus deficiency and strengthen the bone structure can be adjusted by the use of appropriate nutrients and supplements.
Phosphorus deficiency causes bone disease (rickets) and phlegmon.
Excess of phosphorus (although it is excreted through the kidneys) can cause an imbalance of minerals (especially lower calcium levels, up to total loss). Particular caution in consuming products and specifics containing phosphorus is recommended to people suffering from chronic kidney disorders and the elderly. Excess of potassium should be balanced with the increased intake of calcium.
Dosage: 800-1200 mg per day. The higher limit of dosage should be consumed by pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Arginine is an exogenous amino acid, it is a component of dietary proteins, not always synthesized in the human body in necessary quantity, so it is necessary to deliver it in the form of synthetics. It takes part in the biosynthesis agmatine, creatine and nitrogen oxides. The use of supplements containing arginine before workout increases the exercise capacity (strength, endurance). Used after considerable effort intensifies the transfer of energy and building compounds and intensifies the process of recovery. Used at bedtime in combination with lysine and ornithine enhances the synthesis of growth hormone. takes part in the intrasystemic synthesis of creatine. Arginine (as a precursor of ornithine) is involved in the urea cycle, increases the flow of blood in the circulatory system, increases sexual potency (in a short time after application). It affects the body's immunity preventing infections, and lowers blood pressure. In supplements – usually as alpha-ketoglutarate.
Arginine ethyl ester is formed by subjecting the esterified arginine in order to increase the bioavailability of the amino acid. As used in lower doses than arginine itself has a much higher activity. Recommended due to the supporting of exercise capacity as a result of the intensification of the synthesis of nitric oxide (neurotransmitter). Affects the secretion of the hormone, insulin, growth hormone (somatotropin) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), causing the intesification of anabolic and catabolic processes. Used in the form of mono-preparation supplement or multicomponent supplements, is the most advanced form of the amino acid arginine used in supplementation, despite high prices, very popular among athletes.
Glycine is belongs to 22 essential amino acids (synthesized within the body) constructing proteins, and non-protein component of enzymes i.e. heme. It is a inhibiting neurotransmitter allowing for improvement in sleep comfort even at a dose of 3 g at bedtime. Glycine (as arginine) is a precursor of creatine. It is essential for the synthesis of a strong antioxidant - removing free radicals out of the body - glutathione. It is cholagogic and cholepoiteic. By interfering with the synthesis of growth hormone, accelerates the biological recovery of an organism. Naturally present in foods of plant and animal origin. In the sports supplementation is a component creatine stacks, amino acid supplements, protein supplements based on natural ingredients and carbohydrate and protein.
Cysteine belongs to the group of essential amino acids, synthesized by the body, involved in detoxification of the body. The combination of L-cysteine with glutamine and glycine is involved in the synthesis of glutathione (a powerful antioxidant) and the proteins, enzymes and co-enzymes. Present in the protein product, in smaller amounts in corn and peanuts. The source of the acquisition are also concentrates and whey protein isolates, and preparations containing mixtures of amino acids. Not in the form mono-preparations. It is a component of detoxification, supporting the work of the liver supplements and in supplements improving the cosmetics of the body, usually in the form of L-cystine (two connected cysteine particles) or in the form of NAC.
Dosage: the usual supplementation: 50-500 mg per day.
Norvaline - branched amino acids, not-building proteins, valine isomer, inhibiting arginine decomposition, by increasing the content of this amino acid and intensifying its action in the synthesis of nitric oxide. It intensifies the anabolic and catabolic effects of arginine, affecting the growth of functional capacity (strength and endurance) and makes more efficient blood circulation and nutrition of muscle tissue. Not in the form mono-preparation supplements. In the sports supplementation it is a component of the advanced amino acid supplements that contain arginine, no-boosters and creatine stacks. Rarely used for the supplementation due to the high price.
Dosage: usually 50-200 mg / 24h
Creatine phosphate - thanks to high-energy phosphate bonding maintains a balance (by reconstruction), ATP (as the result of the transfer of a phosphate group ADP), which is the primary carrier of energy production in muscle cells. Phosphocreatine will maintain energy reserves, allowing its additional release in time of an effort to accelerate the pace of renewal processes (cell regeneration) and muscle mass. Creatine phosphate does not too many supporters, as when served the food it shows too low digestibility. It is recommended for use in sports supplementation as part of the exercise support (strength and endurance), for example. just before training, or greater exercise.
Creatine ethyl ester (CEE) - Creatine with strong anabolic, catabolic and erogenic potential obtained through esterification, to obtain a higher bioavailability of creatine, and thus reducing the value of its individual doses. This results in lower weight gain than during use of special forms of creatine but better quality. Creatine ethyl ester is used in sports supplementation to obtain improvement in exercise capacity (strength and endurance) as mono-preparation supplement (in tablet form) or as a nutritional supplement (creatine stacks) and pre-workout supplements.
Creatine monohydrate is a popular and cheapest form of creatine used in sports supplementation in Poland. This is a molecule, in which are bound: creatine molecule with a molecule of water. It has a high bioavailability and tissue velocity saturation. Supports the exercise capacity (strength and endurance), accelerates muscle growth and regeneration after training exercise. Transport of creatine into the muscle cells is supported by the insulin hormone. For better effect of saturation of the tissues, a diet increasing the content of insulin in the body is indicated (carbohydrate and high protein diet) and supporting nutrients and supplements (Dietary carbohydrate and carbohydrate-protein, insulin ALA, d-pinitol or taurine). Creatine monohydrate is present in the form of mono-preparation supplements (capsules, powders, tablets) and multicomponent supplements (i.e. as a component of creatine stacks).
Dosage: depending on the form of supplement, the type of exercise and weight, normally are used one of the following models of creatine supplementation:
- cyclic supplementation : 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 3-5g per dose. The length of the cycle for 4-8 weeks.
- cyclic supplementation with saturated phase: the first 5-7 days after 20-30g daily in 4-6 doses of 4-6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2-10g per day in divided doses. The length of the cycle 4-8 weeks
- constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.
Creatine malate (tri-creatine malate, TCM, di-creatine malate) is a combination of one molecule of creatine and three (or two) of molecules of malic acid in the ionized form (malate) in one molecule. It has better solubility in liquids of creatine monohydrate. Malate is involved in energy conversion enhancing effect of creatine in this regard. With proper use of creatine malate, there is an increase in exercise capacity of the body (strength and endurance), acceleration - although slower than provide other compounds creatine for better quality - of increase in lean body mass, provides faster and better biological regeneration after exercise. To have a fast saturation of the muscles with creatine, products containing insulin should be used (carbohydrates and proteins) or insulin-mimetic (and the substances of similar ALA, D-pinitol, taurine). Creatine malate is available in the form of powders and capsules (mono-preparation supplements and creatine stacks), for purchase at muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: Usual recommendation in sports, depends on the form of supplement, the type of exercises and weight, uses one of the following creatine dosage models:
- cyclic supplementation: 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 2-5g per dose. Cycle length approx. 4-12 weeks
- Constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.
Inosine (purine nucleoside) is formed in the body during the degradation of adenosine involving the ADA, its ingredients are: hypoxanthine and ribose. Participates in energy conversion in the body and reduces the level of lactic acid in the cells and muscle tissue , providing increase of the exercise capacity and an extension of an effort time. Scientific research confirmed neuroprotective and anti-virus action of inosine. In the sports supplementation used in the disciplines of endurance and strength as a dietary supplement and support of the effort. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements and complex multicomponent supplements (including creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters).
Dosage: 1-2g a day, mainly before and after training.
Taurine ethyl ester - due to the action of the amino acid taurine exogenous ethanol (esterification), the compound with higher bioavailability and stability, allowing the reduction of the single doses at least equal activity. It has anti-catabolic and antioxidant potential, it is a neurotransmitter affecting the neurotransmitters. It supports the transport of nutrients into muscle cells. Eliminates signs of fatigue. In the sports supplementation supports the exercise capacity and bilogocal recovery after workout in all sports. It is a component of the advanced creatine supplements (including creatine pre-workout stacks and nitrogen boosters).
Guanidinopropionic acid (synonyms: guanidynopropionian, guanidinopropionic acid), a derivative of guanidine, taking part in the metabolism of glucose, affecting insulin sensitivity of muscle cells, is a precursor of creatine intracorporeal synthesis , is responsible for the transportation and other nutrients into the muscle cells. In the sports supplementation it is recommended in the disciplines of strength and endurance athletes (including those who are physically active) and as a creatine supplement supplementation. The market supplements lack mono-preparation supplement guanidinopropionic acid, comes while the advanced preparations of creatine, often in combination with arginine and betaine (precursor of creatine), available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption, used doses usually recommended in sports supplementation
Senegalia Berlandieri is a source of numerous alkaloids, among which the most numerous are: N-methyl-N-phenylamine, tyramine and phenylethylamine. Similarly to Acacia Rigidula, Senegalia Berlandieri promotes the required growth of energy and mood improvement, which it owes to its influence on increasing the level of dopamine and adrenaline in the organism. Senegalia Berlandieri extract also intensifies lipolysis and stimulates metabolism.
Phenylethylamine derivatives (PEA) contained in the extract of this plant are responsible for the effect of good mood (they stimulate the secretion of serotonin and dopamine), cause positive attitude to life and increase the willingness to act.
Thanks to its properties stimulating the nervous system, optimizing well-being and intensifying lipolysis, the extract from Senegalia Berlandieri is the component of many extremely effective and strong pre-workout boosters, at the same time being an effective DMAA substitute.
Yerba Mate extract - from the leaves of yerba mate (ilex paraguariensis), a drink popular in South American countries. The extract contains caffeine (as metaine) and is a powerful antioxidant. Teas and extracts of Yerba Mate leaves are slimming by causing a feeling of satiety and fat absorption, increase immunity of DNA through the binding of free radicals, reduce LDL cholesterol levels.
In the sports supplementation, the ursolic acid contained in the yerba mate, may be important, as it is an aromatase inhibitor, capable of lowering estrogen levels of men, thereby affecting the aesthetics of the figure. Yerba mate extract is a component of fat burners. In combination with green tea, bitter orange and black pepper (piperine) it increases thermogenesis.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption.
Theobromine (3,7-Dimethylxanthine) is a purine alkaloid, poorly soluble in water, present in cocoa beans, as well as the leaves of yerba mate, tea, coffee, cola and peanuts. It is a diuretic, lowers blood pressure and improves brain function (dilates the blood vessels of the brain). Also expands the blood vessels throughout the circulatory system, preventing atherosclerotic changes. Sometimes it is used in slimming diet. Combined with caffeine and polyphenols becomes thermogenic. In the sports supplementation formulations containing theobromine are used diuretics and fat burners. It is a component of thermogenics, pre-workout creatine stacks, as well as nitrogen boosters.
Tyrosine ethyl ester is a form of an essential amino acid tyrosine, esterified in order to obtain a higher bioavailability and chemical stabilization, and tis way allowing for lower doses of the amino acid of at least equal activity. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and the increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations ). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of changes in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs of reducing body fat (weight loss) and in cosmetics as a so-called. self-tanners.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day
Beta alanine ethyl ester - by esterification of the amino acid-protein (beta-alanine) increases the bioavailability of the active substance, increasing the rate of synthesis of carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine), substances with antioxidant potential of the buffering and chelating properties. Thanks to the buffering properties, carnosine reduces the concentration of hydrogen ions and increases exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and influences the biological regeneration after exercise. In the sports supplementation it is recommended for athletes practicing strength, endurance-strength and endurance workout. It is a component of the advanced creatine stack, and nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: 2-4 g per day, before anf after the workout.
L-leucine ethyl ester HCl - as a result of the esterification process produces better bioavailability and can be used in smaller doses, with at least the same activity and effectiveness. It is combined with other exogenous amino acids (valine, and isoleucine), complementing the individual properties and shows synergism with insulin in the supplements of BCAA and EAA type. Used in sports supplementation (especially pre-workout) as preparations increasing exercise capacity with catabolic action and post-workout to ensure proper regeneration of the body.
Dosage: 1-2 g pre-and post-workout with amino acids such BCAA.
Isoleucine ethyl ester - formed in the esterification process (alcohol action on the amino acid isoleucine), facilitating bioavailability isoleucine and higher catabolic activity. In combination with other exogenous amino acids (leucine and valine) is a component of nutritional supplements for universal operation during and after exercise (whether a force, the strength and intellectual) with anti-catabolic include BCAA, and preparations pre- and post-workout and ensuring the biological regeneration after exercise.
Dosage: 1-2 g pre- and post-workout, in combination with other branched amino acids (BCAA).
Valine ethyl ester - due to the action of the amino acid valine exogenous ethanol (esterification), the compound with higher bioavailability and stability, allowing the reduction of the single doses of at least equal activity. It has anti-catabolic and pro-anabolic potential. It is an ingredient of advanced aminoacid supplements of BCAA and EAA type, supporting the biological recovery of the body. It occurs in other exogenous amino acids (leucine and isoleucine and their esters). In the sports supplementation it supports the exercise capacity (strength, endurance, intellectual ability) and biological regeneration after exercise in all sports. Supplements containing ethyl ester of valine (BCAA, EAA) have universal application in all kinds of phisical effort, and in particular during the intensifiction of strength training, the during a low-calorie diet.
Dosage: 1-2 g, with the other amino acids BCAA and EAA type before, during or after workout.
L-glutamine - amino acid building endogenous proteins, glutamic acid amide. In the human body it is responsible for the synthesis of proteins, acid-base balance and removing ammonia outside of the organism. With the shortage of energy taken from the muscle tissue, glutamine with alanine participate in the process of gluconeogenesis, and participate in the production of glucose substrate. L-glutamine has a direct impact on the proper functioning of the digestive system and immunity of the organism. Participates in the synthesis of one of the most powerful antioxidant - glutathione. It has anti-catabolic potential. It is found naturally in foods of animal and vegetable origin and high protein supplements. Used as mono-preparation or multi-component amino-acid supplements and supplements enhancing biological recovery after exercises, often in combination with BCAA.
Dosage: 5-20 g per day (portioned during the day, and after training and waking up). The minimum dose used in supplementation is 2-15g per 1 serving.