What is Brassica oleracea?
Brassica oleracea is a plant species of the crucifer family, which includes broccoli, cauliflower, kale, cabbage, Brussels sprouts and other vegetables.
Crucifers are known for their great health-promoting potential. The components beneficial for the human organisms are, for example, sulphoraphane, indole-3-carbinol (I3C), diindolylmethane (DIM), and a large amount of vitamins and minerals. Its beneficial effects can be noticed especially in the case of too high oestrogen levels, and even in the process of carcinogenesis induced by them. It results from its potential to reduce aromatase production, which is possible thanks to the fact that sulphoraphane can inhibit aryl hydrocarbon receptors (AHR), while diindolylmethane can modulate oestrogen metabolic pathways. Crucifers can be beneficial for the health of the entire organism thanks to its ability to reduce reactive oxygen species, which decreases the damage induced by them, as well as to reduce inflammations, which can lead to serious complications when chronic.